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Oxy-fuel combustion pulp & paper

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub10077
Author
Symonds, Robert
Date
November 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing

  1 video

Author
Symonds, Robert
Contributor
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance
Date
November 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Physical Description
Video ; 00:41:50 min.
Sector
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing
Research Area
Chemical Process
Mechanical Process
Subject
Carbon
Sustainability
Fuels
Kilns
Combustion
Webinar
Series Number
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance ; 2022
Video ; 2022
Language
English
Abstract
The following presentation discusses oxy-fuel combustion for the Pulp & Paper sector, specifically for the power and recovery boiler systems in a typical kraft mill. The primary objective is to produce a purified CO2 stream that is suitable for transportation and/or utilization to achieve net-zero or negative emissions. The presentation considers and discusses the pros and cons of oxy-fuel combustion in terms of boiler operation, flue gas treatment, and performance changes. Key observations on oxy-fuel combustion are discussed, including operation mode, effects of O2 concentration, and operating pressure, with a comparison to air-fired benchmarks with and without post-combustion amine capture. Major knowledge gaps are defined to deploy oxy-fuel combustion systems, including potential next steps using models and machine learning tools (TEA and LCA) being developed as part of the National CCUS Assessment Framework.
CCUS for the Pulp and Paper Industry Webinars – Session 4 Video 1.
This workshop presentation held November 2, 2022, is by Dr. Robert Symonds
Session 4 is on Oxyfuel combusion, oxy-firing lime kilns, and LCA and TEA for syngas and biohydrogen production
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OxyFiring the lime kiln

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub10078
Author
Gogolek, Peter
Date
November 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing

  1 video

Author
Gogolek, Peter
Contributor
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance
Date
November 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Physical Description
Video ; 00:37:47 min.
Sector
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing
Research Area
Chemical Process
Mechanical Process
Subject
Carbon
Sustainability
Fuels
Kilns
Combustion
Webinar
Series Number
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance ; 2022
Video ; 2022
Language
English
Abstract
Lime kilns are an important unit operation in the kraft pulp mill, part of the recausticing cycle essential for making pulp. Oxy-firing is a potential retrofit for the lime kiln to produce a sequesterable CO2 stream without negative impact on the lime quality. We look at the effect of switching from air-firing to oxy-firing with recycle on combustion, heat transfer, and calcination. We summarize the relevant work done in Europe for the cement kiln and its implications for the lime kiln.
CCUS for the Pulp and Paper Industry Webinars – Session 4 Video 2.
This workshop presentation held November 2, 2022, is by Dr. Peter Gogolek
Session 4 is on Oxyfuel combusion, oxy-firing lime kilns, and LCA and TEA for syngas and biohydrogen production
Video Tracks
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Greening Canadian roads = Verdir les routes canadiennes

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub10080
Author
Holt-Hindle, Peter
Date
November 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing

  1 video

Author
Holt-Hindle, Peter
Contributor
Noram
West Fraser
Kruger
Park Paving
Eurovia
Pioneer Construction
Sturgeon County
City of Thunder Bay
City of Edmonton
Villde de Québec
ÉTS
LCMB
Lakehead University
Université Laval
CRIBE
Nextfor
Emissions Reduction Alberta
Québec. Forêts, Faune et Parcs
British Columbia. Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development
National Resources Canada
City of Victoria
Quesnel Paving
City of Quesnel
FPInnovations
Date
November 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Physical Description
Video ; 00:05:32 min.
Sector
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing
Research Area
Biomaterials
Subject
FPInnovations
Lignin
Asphalt
Road construction
Products and Services (P&S)
Series Number
Video ; 2022
Language
English
French
Abstract
FPInnovations is introducing lignin from Canadian forests as a potential solution.
Presentation includes Alan Carter, (ETS); Richard Hart (Park Paving) ; Fred Hakala (Pioneer Construction); Hamid Soleymani (City of Edmonton); Amélie Griggio (Groupe Eurovia); Gary Mayhew (Sturgeon County); Dany Bérubé (Ville de Québec); Kayla Dixon (City of Thunder Bay)
Abstract
FPInnovations présente la lignine tirée des forêts canadiennes comme solution potentielle
Présentation inclus des commentaires par Alan Carter, (ETS); Richard Hart, (Park Pavings); Fred Hakala (Pioneer Construction); Hamid Soleymani (ville d'Edmonton); Amélie Griggio (Groupe Eurovia); Gary Mayhew (comté de Sturgeon); Dany Bérubé (Ville de Québec); Kayla Dixon (Ville de Thunder Bay)
Video Tracks
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Introduction to CO2 Capture by Adsorption

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9218
Author
Hughes, Robin
Date
September 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing

  1 video

Author
Hughes, Robin
Contributor
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance
Date
September 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Physical Description
Video ; 00:56:25 min.
Sector
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing
Research Area
Chemical Process
Mechanical Process
Subject
Carbon
Sustainability
Webinar
Series Number
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance ; 2022
Video ; 2022
Language
English
Abstract
CCUS for the Pulp and Paper Industry Webinars – Session 1 Video 2.
This workshop presentation by Dr. Robin Hughs will provide an overview of CO2 capture using adsorption. These technologies promise to substantially reduce the costs of CO2, lower thermal energy requirements and permit flexible operation to meet the demands of complex and variable operations. The presentation begins with a simple explanation of how adsorption based technologies work, presents flowsheets for implementation, and identifies elements that should be considered if the technologies are to be deployed at pulp and paper mills.
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Carbon management. Attaining Solutions in BC

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9219
Author
Ellis, Naoko
Date
September 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing

  1 video

Author
Ellis, Naoko
Contributor
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance
Date
September 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Physical Description
Video ; 00:28:56 min.
Sector
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing
Research Area
Chemical Process
Mechanical Process
Subject
Carbon
Sustainability
Webinar
Series Number
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance ; 2022
Video ; 2022
Language
English
Abstract
CCUS for the Pulp and Paper Industry Webinars – Session 1 Video 1, a presentation by Professor Naoko Ellis
The targets set at COP26 in Glasgow call for urgent action around the world to alleviate the disastrous impact of climate emergency. Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS) is unanimously recognized around the world, at international and national levels, as a key pillar necessary to achieve net-zero emissions alongside energy efficiency, electrification, hydrogen and biomass. CCUS can reduce emissions from a broad range of processes, and can also compensate those emissions in hard-to-abate and hard-to-electrify processes with negative emissions through bio-energy Carbon Capture and Sequestration (BECCS). The high-level overview of the CCUS in BC will provide a framework on how to consider CCUS and some contextual issues associated with CCUS in BC
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Introduction to CO2 Capture by Absorption

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9220
Author
Tontiwachwuthiku, Paitoon
Date
September 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing

  1 video

Author
Tontiwachwuthiku, Paitoon
Contributor
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance
Date
September 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Physical Description
Video ; 00:43:44 min.
Sector
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing
Research Area
Chemical Process
Mechanical Process
Subject
Carbon
Sustainability
Webinar
Series Number
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance ; 2022
Video ; 2022
Language
English
Abstract
CCUS for the Pulp and Paper Industry Webinars – Session 3 Video 3, a presentation by Dr. Paitoon Tontiwachwuthiku
This seminar presentation will overview the current progress and new developments of carbon capture technologies, especially the ones using reactive solvents, which can be used now and in the immediate future. The presentation will also discuss some case studies of CCUS projects in the US and Canada over the past 20 years. The potential implications of these new R&D results will be described, and their impacts on the pulp & paper industry will be discussed.
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CO2 purification, pulp and paper

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9803
Author
Symonds, Robert
Date
October 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing

  1 video

Author
Symonds, Robert
Contributor
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance
Date
October 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Physical Description
Video ; 00:51:23 min.
Sector
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing
Research Area
Chemical Process
Mechanical Process
Subject
Carbon
Sustainability
Webinar
Series Number
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance ; 2022
Video ; 2022
Language
English
Abstract
CCUS for the Pulp and Paper Industry Webinars – Session 3 Video 1.
The following presentation discusses CO2 purification for the Pulp & Paper sector. The primary objective is to produce a purified CO2 stream that is suitable for transportation and/or utilization in an effort to achieve net-zero or negative emissions. The presentation considers and discusses the pros and cons of a variety of flue gas treatment, CO2 capture, and compression/liquefaction options for the major CO2-containing streams in a typical kraft mill. Key observations on post-combustion CO2 capture and purification approaches are discussed, including alternative strategies, such as flue gas stream blending and oxy-firing, to lower costs and improve capture efficiencies. Major knowledge gaps are defined to deploy CO2 capture and purification systems, including potential next steps using models and machine learning tools (TEA and LCA) being developed as part of the National CCUS Assessment Framework.
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CO2 transportation in Canada

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9805
Author
Hughes, Robin
Date
October 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing

  1 video

Author
Hughes, Robin
Contributor
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance
Date
October 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Physical Description
Video ; 01:12:58 min.
Sector
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing
Research Area
Chemical Process
Mechanical Process
Subject
Carbon
Sustainability
Transportation
Webinar
Series Number
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance ; 2022
Video ; 2022
Language
English
Abstract
CCUS for the Pulp and Paper Industry Webinars – Session 3 Video 2.
This presentations covers the topic of CO2 transportation for the Pulp & Paper sector with a focus on Western Canada, the challenges and the plans that are being developed to increase connectiveness between major CO2 hubs and sites for utilization and/or storage. The presentations introduces the available options, highlighting the opportunities and strengths for each of them within the context of the Pulp and Paper Industry.
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CO2, Carbon storage and utilization for storage

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9418
Author
Wilson, Malcom
Date
September 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing

  1 video

Author
Wilson, Malcom
Contributor
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance
Date
September 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Physical Description
Video ; 00:55:15 min.
Sector
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing
Research Area
Chemical Process
Mechanical Process
Subject
Carbon
Carbon dioxide
Soil
Storage
Sustainability
Webinar
Series Number
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance ; 2022
Video ; 2022
Language
English
Abstract
CCUS for the Pulp and Paper Industry Webinars – Session 2 Video 1, a presentation by Malcom Wilson
Brief overview of the storage of carbon dioxide in the form or carbon as well as carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide can be captured more or less easily, albeit at a cost, from any process that releases carbon dioxide from the chemical processes underway. This includes fossil fuel and biomass combustion and cement production. Once captured, it must be transported to a storage location. Western Canada is a good place to store CO2. Many aspects of the nature of our geology make us a first-class storage location – much of Alberta, southern Saskatchewan and northeastern British Columbia, although central BC has some potential. A second way of very long term storage is the use of biochar (essentially pure carbon) mixed into soil. Mixed in the soil, literature suggests a half-life of at least 550 years. Depending on soil type, the biochar has numerous benefits to the soil. The porous nature of the biochar is a good substrate for beneficial micro-organisms in the soil, it holds water reducing the wilt index for plants, it can help reduce N2O emissions, store nitrogen (reducing fertilizer requirements), extract contaminants and reduce soil density in more clayey soils. As a secondary area of interest, biochar mixed with compost is a good way to move the fertilizer to the soil. Biochar can also be used as animal feed to improve growth and reduce methane emissions.
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Decarbonizing pulp and paper, CCUS opportunities

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9421
Author
McFarlan, Andrew
Date
September 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing

  1 video

Author
McFarlan, Andrew
Contributor
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance
Date
September 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Physical Description
Video ; 00:44:08 min.
Sector
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing
Research Area
Chemical Process
Mechanical Process
Subject
Bioenergy
Carbon
Carbon capture
Emissions
Paper industry
Pulp industry
Storage
Sustainability
Webinar
Series Number
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance ; 2022
Video ; 2022
Language
English
Abstract
CCUS for the Pulp and Paper Industry Webinars – Session 2 Video 2, a presentation by Dr. Andrew McFarlan
Various technical pathways are possible that could decarbonize pulp and paper production. These pathways may allow the pulp and paper industry to achieve negative CO2 emissions, via Bioenergy Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS). This presentation highlights R&D achievements, both past and recent, on some of the pathways being considered, with an emphasis on techno-economics.
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CO2 utilization, opportunities and challenges

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9425
Author
Navarri, Philippe
Date
September 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing

  1 video

Author
Navarri, Philippe
Contributor
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance
Date
September 2022
Material Type
audiovisual
Physical Description
Video ; 00:46:21 min.
Sector
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Field
Bioproducts
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing
Research Area
Chemical Process
Mechanical Process
Subject
Bioenergy
Carbon
Carbon capture
Emissions
Paper industry
Products
Pulp industry
Sustainability
Webinar
Series Number
BC Pulp & Paper Bio-Alliance ; 2022
Video ; 2022
Language
English
Abstract
CCUS for the Pulp and Paper Industry Webinars – Session 2, Video 3, a presentation by Philippe Navarri
The urgency of climate change mitigation and the increased interest in circular economy are driving interest in opportunities to capture CO2 from industrial sites or the atmosphere for sequestration or the development of sustainable products. It is now well admitted that carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) is an essential option to achieve our 2050 net-zero emissions objectives. Because the majority of CO2 emissions in pulp and paper mills is biogenic, capturing this CO2 is considered a net CO2 removal from the atmosphere. Therefore, the pulp and sector can play a critical role in helping Canada achieve its net-zero emission objective. Although CCS has the potential to deliver much larger CO2 emissions reductions, CCU is expected to play a critical role where there is limited storage capacity, in decarbonizing of hard-to-abate sectors such as aviation and maritime transportation, and in the production of "greener" products as an alternative option to replace products that would otherwise be fossil-based. A wide range of CO2 utilization technologies exist to produce a variety of value-added products including chemicals, fuels, polymers and construction materials that are often seen as a new revenue stream for the industry. In this webinar, a review of CO2 utilization opportunities to produce value-added "green" products (e.g. alcohols, fuels etc.) will be presented, their attractiveness assessed, and key aspects to consider for their implementation will be discussed.
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Dawson Creek timber supply area biomass availability estimation

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8270
Author
Blackburn, Kevin
Date
January 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
Author
Blackburn, Kevin
Date
January 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
20 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Utilization
Residue
Costs
Biomass
Timber Supply Area (TSA)
Fuels
Logs
British Columbia
Series Number
Technical Report TR 2020 N.60
Location
Dawson Creek, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
The biomass yield per hectare predicted for the Dawson Creek TSA is 32.3 oven-dried tonnes per hectare (odt/ha) from harvest residues. The biomass ratio, which is the ratio of recovered biomass to recovered merchantable roundwood, is estimated at 19.2%. Over the next 10 years at total of 1.59 million odt of available biomass are predicted to be generated by harvest in the Dawson Creek TSA, or approximately 160,000 odt/yr. Of this, approximately 1,242,000 odt in total, or 124,000 odt/yr, is expected to be available at the economic price of $60 per oven-dried tonne. Approximately 98% of the total predicted volume is expected to be available at $90/odt: a total of 1.56 million odt, or 156,000 odt/yr.
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Fort St.John timber supply area biomass availability estimation

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8271
Author
Blackburn, Kevin
Date
January 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
Author
Blackburn, Kevin
Date
January 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
26 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Utilization
Residue
Costs
Biomass
Timber Supply Area (TSA)
Fuels
Logs
British Columbia
Series Number
Technical Report TR 2020 N.61
Location
Dawson Creek, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
The average harvest residue biomass yield per hectare predicted for the Fort St. John TSA is 31.5 oven-dried tonnes per hectare (odt/ha). Over the next 10 years, a total of 2.99 million odt of available biomass are predicted to be generated by harvest in the Fort St. John TSA, or approximately 300,000 odt/yr. Of this, approximately 269,000 odt in total, or 27,000 odt/yr, is expected to be economically available at a price of $60 per oven-dried tonne. Approximately 75% of the total predicted volume is expected to be available at $90/odt, representing a total of 2.25 million odt, or 225,000 odt/yr.
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Méthodes de base pour l’échantillonnage et l’analyse de la biomasse ligneuse

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39994
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biomass
Bioenergy
Sampling
Physical properties
Moisture content
Particle size
Bulk density
Standards
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 15, No. 5
Language
English
Abstract
Biomass sampling and analysis play decisive roles in determining the characteristics and value of the woody biomass fuel used in bioenergy systems in Canada. Sampling and analysis standards help harmonize the procedures that are used to monitor biomass quality. Because there are no Canada- wide biomass sampling standards, facilities that produce and use woody biomass have developed and implemented in-house sampling procedures of varying degrees of complexity. Given that the use of woody biomass in Canada is predicted to increase, the ability to ensure the quality of biomass will become increasingly important in order to control costs and maximize system efficiency.
BIOMASS
Biofuels
Bioenergy
MOISTURE CONTENT
BULK DENSITY
Bark content
Contamination
ASH
Lignin
CARBOHYDRATES
EXTRACTIVES
Abstract
L’échantillonnage et l’analyse de la biomasse jouent un rôle décisif dans la détermination des caractéristiques et de la valeur des combustibles de biomasse ligneuse utilisés dans les systèmes de bioénergie au Canada. Les normes d’échantillonnage et d’analyse contribuent à harmoniser les méthodes utilisées pour évaluer la qualité de la biomasse. Il n’existe pas de normes d’échantillonnage pancanadiennes; les usines qui produisent ou utilisent la biomasse ligneuse ont donc élaboré et appliqué des méthodes d’échantillonnage maison de niveau de complexité variable. Comme on prévoit une augmentation de l’utilisation de la biomasse ligneuse au Canada, les compétences permettant de garantir sa qualité deviendront de plus en plus importantes pour limiter les coûts et maximiser l’efficacité des systèmes.
PDF
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Extraction and economics of value-added chemicals from bark and forest biomass

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40034
Author
Blanchard, Vincent
Yang, D.-Q.
Barry, A.
Date
March 2015
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Blanchard, Vincent
Yang, D.-Q.
Barry, A.
Date
March 2015
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
22 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Extractives
Bark
Biomass
Series Number
301009286
E-4930
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
PDF
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Basic procedures for sampling and analyzing woody biomass

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3318
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Edition
39982
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Edition
39982
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biomass
Bioenergy
Sampling
Physical properties
Moisture content
Particle size
Bulk density
Standards
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 15, No. 5
Language
English
Abstract
Biomass sampling and analysis play decisive roles in determining the characteristics and value of the woody biomass fuel used in bioenergy systems in Canada. Sampling and analysis standards help harmonize the procedures that are used to monitor biomass quality. Because there are no Canada- wide biomass sampling standards, facilities that produce and use woody biomass have developed and implemented in-house sampling procedures of varying degrees of complexity. Given that the use of woody biomass in Canada is predicted to increase, the ability to ensure the quality of biomass will become increasingly important in order to control costs and maximize system efficiency.
BIOMASS
Biofuels
Bioenergy
MOISTURE CONTENT
BULK DENSITY
Bark content
Contamination
ASH
Lignin
CARBOHYDRATES
EXTRACTIVES
Abstract
L’échantillonnage et l’analyse de la biomasse jouent un rôle décisif dans la détermination des caractéristiques et de la valeur des combustibles de biomasse ligneuse utilisés dans les systèmes de bioénergie au Canada. Les normes d’échantillonnage et d’analyse contribuent à harmoniser les méthodes utilisées pour évaluer la qualité de la biomasse. Il n’existe pas de normes d’échantillonnage pancanadiennes; les usines qui produisent ou utilisent la biomasse ligneuse ont donc élaboré et appliqué des méthodes d’échantillonnage maison de niveau de complexité variable. Comme on prévoit une augmentation de l’utilisation de la biomasse ligneuse au Canada, les compétences permettant de garantir sa qualité deviendront de plus en plus importantes pour limiter les coûts et maximiser l’efficacité des systèmes.
PDF
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Further development and commercialization of ultra-low density composites : investigation of the formulations impact on drying (I)

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39877
Author
Zhang, Yaolin
Deng, James
Cai, X.
Date
June 2014
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Zhang, Yaolin
Deng, James
Cai, X.
Contributor
Canadian Forest Services
Date
June 2014
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
22 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomaterials
Subject
Composites
Drying
Density
Packaging
Series Number
Transformative Technologies Program
Project no.301007944
E-4901
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
This study is a subtask under the “lab experiment on drying” project. This investigation consists to: 1) screen the main factors of the formulations impact on the drying process of the ultra-low density fiber composites (ULDC); 2) evaluate the effects of these main factors and try to optimize the formulations to shorten the drying process of ULDC; 3) have parameters for setting-up the new dryer.
PDF
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Development of lignin-based natural wood bio-protectant against fungal attack and checking

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40005
Author
Yang, D.-Q.
Zhang, Yaolin
Date
March 2014
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Yang, D.-Q.
Zhang, Yaolin
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada.
Date
March 2014
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
36 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomaterials
Subject
Lignin
Preservation
Fungi
Series Number
301008439
E-4923
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
Checking, mold and decay cause major problems for wood utilization and market value. About one third of wood products were used to replace old building materials that failed due to these problems caused by fungal infection. Products currently used for protecting wood materials from mold, decay and checking damages are mostly toxic chemicals. Development of a new generation of natural pesticides is urgently needed for meeting new regulatory requirements. Lignin produced by plants and chitosan from crustaceans have both natural antifungal and antibacterial properties. Combining both natural compounds to synergize a natural bio-protectant against molds, decay and checking is the major objective of this project. The approaches of this project include formulate lignin and chitosan into a harmonized coating mixture for using as a bio-renewable and eco-friendly bio-protectant against fungal infection in different applications such as:
End coating on logs and green lumber against fungal attack and checking;
Protective coating on wood siding materials against fungal infection and weathering. The results showed that chitosan and Kraft lignin are compatible. After mixing the 2 materials by stirring, it formed a homogenized brownish coating material without any precipitation. Fifteen formulations with different concentration and ratio of lignin and chitosan were evaluated. Based on the texture, color, uniformity, efficacy against fungi and economic criteria, 4 formulations were finally selected for the tests at 6% solid content of lignin: chitosan ratios of 2:1 & 1:1 and 9% solid content of lignin: chitosan ratios of 2:1 and 3.5:1. As a log end coating, the 4 formulations were tested to protect freshly-cut sugar maple and lodgepole pine against mold, stain and checking in an outside storage for 8 weeks. On both wood species, the effectiveness of the best lignin/chitosan coating formulation was similar or better than the currently used commercial chemical product Anchorseal. After exposure of lignin/chitosan coated or uncoated black spruce wood samples to a high humid condition for 2 weeks, the uncoated wood samples started to grow molds with 100% infection rate. Slight mold infection was found on wood samples coated with 3 formulations after 4 weeks and no mold growth was found on wood samples coated with 1 formulation (LC921) until the end of the test of 8 weeks. After exposure to the 4 lignin/chitosan formulations coated black spruce wood samples to white-rot and brown-rot fungi for 16 weeks, the formulations LC611 and LC921 were moderately resistant to decay, as effective as using currently chemical wood preservative by dipping treatment. The lignin/chitosan coatings were able to prevent wood fiber erosion, but they are photo degradable. However, the formulations LC611 and LC921, that contained 3% of chitosan, are more resistant to weathering than the formulations LC621 and LC972 that contained 2% of chitosan.
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Critical biomass attributes of the most common bioenergy and biofuel applications

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39735
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
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Author
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biomass
Bioenergy
Moisture content
Physical properties
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 14, No. 3
Language
English
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
This primer presents critical attributes such as format and size; moisture content; bulk density; foliage/bark content; contamination; ash, lignin, carbohydrate, and extractive contents; and calorific value of the most common bioenergy and biofuel applications; direct combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, torrefaction, fermentation, and densification. The primer is aimed at forestry, wood processing, pulp and paper, and biomass professionals who are interested in basic information about these critical attributes.
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Études sur les coûts d'établissement des plantations à croissance rapide en milieu forestier

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39761
Author
St-Amour, Michel
Date
Novembre 2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
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Author
St-Amour, Michel
Date
Novembre 2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
21 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Costs
Hybrids
Plantations
Productivity
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 14, No. 7
Language
French
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
Dans le cadre de son programme de technologies transformatrices, FPInnovations participe à un projet de recherche sur les sources de biomasse forestière de remplacement pour alimenter la bio-industries émergente. Une série d'études a été menée sur quatre différents sites au Québec puor déterminer la productivité, la qualité et le coût des différents traitements nécessaires pour l'établissement des plantations de peupliers hybrides en milieu forestier. Les études démontrent que les conditions de terrain et l'organisation du travail sont les facteurs qui ont le plus d'influence sur l'efficacité et le coût total des traitements.
Peuplier hybride
PLANTATIONS
Préparation de terrain
Monticules
Coûts
productivity
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