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Extraction and economics of value-added chemicals from bark and forest biomass

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40034
Author
Blanchard, Vincent
Yang, D.-Q.
Barry, A.
Date
March 2015
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Blanchard, Vincent
Yang, D.-Q.
Barry, A.
Date
March 2015
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
22 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Extractives
Bark
Biomass
Series Number
301009286
E-4930
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
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Basic procedures for sampling and analyzing woody biomass

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39982
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biomass
Bioenergy
Sampling
Physical properties
Moisture content
Particle size
Bulk density
Standards
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 15, No. 5
Language
English
Abstract
Biomass sampling and analysis play decisive roles in determining the characteristics and value of the woody biomass fuel used in bioenergy systems in Canada. Sampling and analysis standards help harmonize the procedures that are used to monitor biomass quality. Because there are no Canada- wide biomass sampling standards, facilities that produce and use woody biomass have developed and implemented in-house sampling procedures of varying degrees of complexity. Given that the use of woody biomass in Canada is predicted to increase, the ability to ensure the quality of biomass will become increasingly important in order to control costs and maximize system efficiency.
BIOMASS
Biofuels
Bioenergy
MOISTURE CONTENT
BULK DENSITY
Bark content
Contamination
ASH
Lignin
CARBOHYDRATES
EXTRACTIVES
Abstract
L’échantillonnage et l’analyse de la biomasse jouent un rôle décisif dans la détermination des caractéristiques et de la valeur des combustibles de biomasse ligneuse utilisés dans les systèmes de bioénergie au Canada. Les normes d’échantillonnage et d’analyse contribuent à harmoniser les méthodes utilisées pour évaluer la qualité de la biomasse. Il n’existe pas de normes d’échantillonnage pancanadiennes; les usines qui produisent ou utilisent la biomasse ligneuse ont donc élaboré et appliqué des méthodes d’échantillonnage maison de niveau de complexité variable. Comme on prévoit une augmentation de l’utilisation de la biomasse ligneuse au Canada, les compétences permettant de garantir sa qualité deviendront de plus en plus importantes pour limiter les coûts et maximiser l’efficacité des systèmes.
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Méthodes de base pour l’échantillonnage et l’analyse de la biomasse ligneuse

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39994
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biomass
Bioenergy
Sampling
Physical properties
Moisture content
Particle size
Bulk density
Standards
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 15, No. 5
Language
English
Abstract
Biomass sampling and analysis play decisive roles in determining the characteristics and value of the woody biomass fuel used in bioenergy systems in Canada. Sampling and analysis standards help harmonize the procedures that are used to monitor biomass quality. Because there are no Canada- wide biomass sampling standards, facilities that produce and use woody biomass have developed and implemented in-house sampling procedures of varying degrees of complexity. Given that the use of woody biomass in Canada is predicted to increase, the ability to ensure the quality of biomass will become increasingly important in order to control costs and maximize system efficiency.
BIOMASS
Biofuels
Bioenergy
MOISTURE CONTENT
BULK DENSITY
Bark content
Contamination
ASH
Lignin
CARBOHYDRATES
EXTRACTIVES
Abstract
L’échantillonnage et l’analyse de la biomasse jouent un rôle décisif dans la détermination des caractéristiques et de la valeur des combustibles de biomasse ligneuse utilisés dans les systèmes de bioénergie au Canada. Les normes d’échantillonnage et d’analyse contribuent à harmoniser les méthodes utilisées pour évaluer la qualité de la biomasse. Il n’existe pas de normes d’échantillonnage pancanadiennes; les usines qui produisent ou utilisent la biomasse ligneuse ont donc élaboré et appliqué des méthodes d’échantillonnage maison de niveau de complexité variable. Comme on prévoit une augmentation de l’utilisation de la biomasse ligneuse au Canada, les compétences permettant de garantir sa qualité deviendront de plus en plus importantes pour limiter les coûts et maximiser l’efficacité des systèmes.
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Further development and commercialization of ultra-low density composites : investigation of the formulations impact on drying (I)

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39877
Author
Zhang, Yaolin
Deng, James
Cai, X.
Date
June 2014
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Zhang, Yaolin
Deng, James
Cai, X.
Contributor
Canadian Forest Services
Date
June 2014
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
22 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomaterials
Subject
Composites
Drying
Density
Packaging
Series Number
Transformative Technologies Program
Project no.301007944
E-4901
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
This study is a subtask under the “lab experiment on drying” project. This investigation consists to: 1) screen the main factors of the formulations impact on the drying process of the ultra-low density fiber composites (ULDC); 2) evaluate the effects of these main factors and try to optimize the formulations to shorten the drying process of ULDC; 3) have parameters for setting-up the new dryer.
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Development of lignin-based natural wood bio-protectant against fungal attack and checking

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40005
Author
Yang, D.-Q.
Zhang, Yaolin
Date
March 2014
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Yang, D.-Q.
Zhang, Yaolin
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada.
Date
March 2014
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
36 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Wood Biomaterials
Subject
Lignin
Preservation
Fungi
Series Number
301008439
E-4923
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
Checking, mold and decay cause major problems for wood utilization and market value. About one third of wood products were used to replace old building materials that failed due to these problems caused by fungal infection. Products currently used for protecting wood materials from mold, decay and checking damages are mostly toxic chemicals. Development of a new generation of natural pesticides is urgently needed for meeting new regulatory requirements. Lignin produced by plants and chitosan from crustaceans have both natural antifungal and antibacterial properties. Combining both natural compounds to synergize a natural bio-protectant against molds, decay and checking is the major objective of this project. The approaches of this project include formulate lignin and chitosan into a harmonized coating mixture for using as a bio-renewable and eco-friendly bio-protectant against fungal infection in different applications such as:
End coating on logs and green lumber against fungal attack and checking;
Protective coating on wood siding materials against fungal infection and weathering. The results showed that chitosan and Kraft lignin are compatible. After mixing the 2 materials by stirring, it formed a homogenized brownish coating material without any precipitation. Fifteen formulations with different concentration and ratio of lignin and chitosan were evaluated. Based on the texture, color, uniformity, efficacy against fungi and economic criteria, 4 formulations were finally selected for the tests at 6% solid content of lignin: chitosan ratios of 2:1 & 1:1 and 9% solid content of lignin: chitosan ratios of 2:1 and 3.5:1. As a log end coating, the 4 formulations were tested to protect freshly-cut sugar maple and lodgepole pine against mold, stain and checking in an outside storage for 8 weeks. On both wood species, the effectiveness of the best lignin/chitosan coating formulation was similar or better than the currently used commercial chemical product Anchorseal. After exposure of lignin/chitosan coated or uncoated black spruce wood samples to a high humid condition for 2 weeks, the uncoated wood samples started to grow molds with 100% infection rate. Slight mold infection was found on wood samples coated with 3 formulations after 4 weeks and no mold growth was found on wood samples coated with 1 formulation (LC921) until the end of the test of 8 weeks. After exposure to the 4 lignin/chitosan formulations coated black spruce wood samples to white-rot and brown-rot fungi for 16 weeks, the formulations LC611 and LC921 were moderately resistant to decay, as effective as using currently chemical wood preservative by dipping treatment. The lignin/chitosan coatings were able to prevent wood fiber erosion, but they are photo degradable. However, the formulations LC611 and LC921, that contained 3% of chitosan, are more resistant to weathering than the formulations LC621 and LC972 that contained 2% of chitosan.
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Life cycle sustainability analysis sub-project of the Woody Biomass Innovative Project : a preliminary assessment

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub42913
Author
Mahalle, Lal
Berch, S.
Dymond, C.
Tedder, S.
Titus, B.
Todd, M.
Date
March 2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
Author
Mahalle, Lal
Berch, S.
Dymond, C.
Tedder, S.
Titus, B.
Todd, M.
Contributor
Province of British Columbia.
Date
March 2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
40 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Test methods
Series Number
Technical Report 076
W-3015
Location
Victoria, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
This preliminary study addresses the life cycle sustainability analysis subproject of the Woody Biomass Innovative Project, which proposed to assess the future bioenergy potential for British Columbia from a broad perspective that includes energy, greenhouse gas considerations and climate change, impacts on soil and biodiversity, and socio-economic sensitivities and to consider the need for guidance and policy development. This preliminary study reviews currently available assessment methodologies and proposes a framework for a life cycle sustainability assessment of current and emerging wood-based biofuel products used in three sectors (i.e., residential, institutional, and industrial) in British Columbia. In addition, this study defines data requirements and data availability for a detailed assessment, and outlines the possible policy implications that might be drawn from a detailed study.
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Reinforcing phenolic resins with nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) for manufacturing wood composite panels

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub42915
Author
Wang, Xiang-Ming
Bouchard, Jean
Zhang, Yaolin
Jiang, Z.H.
Date
January 2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Wang, Xiang-Ming
Bouchard, Jean
Zhang, Yaolin
Jiang, Z.H.
Contributor
Québec Ministère des Ressources naturelles
Date
January 2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
57 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Transformation & Interfaces
Subject
Test methods
Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC)
Adhesives
Phenolic Resins
Wood composite panels
Series Number
E-4822
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
The main objective of this project was to introduce NCC into the phenolic resin system as a reinforcing agent for improving the resin’s bond quality and durability in the manufacture of oriented strand board (OSB). The approaches adopted in this project can be outlined as follows: Develop a procedure or a new process technology to uniformly incorporate NCC into the phenolic resin system including phenol-formaldehyde (PF) and lignin-based PF resin; Develop new formulations for the NCC-phenolic adhesive system in both liquid and powder forms; Characterize NCC-PF and NCC-lignin-PF resins with differential analytical techniques; Manufacture OSB panels with NCC-PF and NCC-lignin-PF resins; Quantify the performance improvement of OSB panel by evaluating the resulting panel for physical and mechanical properties.
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Critical biomass attributes of the most common bioenergy and biofuel applications

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39735
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biomass
Bioenergy
Moisture content
Physical properties
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 14, No. 3
Language
English
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
This primer presents critical attributes such as format and size; moisture content; bulk density; foliage/bark content; contamination; ash, lignin, carbohydrate, and extractive contents; and calorific value of the most common bioenergy and biofuel applications; direct combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, torrefaction, fermentation, and densification. The primer is aimed at forestry, wood processing, pulp and paper, and biomass professionals who are interested in basic information about these critical attributes.
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Caractéristiques cruciales de la biomasse pour les applications les plus courantes en bioénergie et biocarburants

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39759
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biomass
Bioenergy
Moisture content
Physical properties
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 14, No. 3
Language
French
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
Le présent document décrit les caractéristiques cruciales de la biomasse comme le format et la taille, la teneur en dumidité, la densité apparente, la teneur en feuillage/écorce, la contamination, la teneur en cendres, en lignine, en dydratesde carbone et en produitsd'extraction ainsi que la valeur calorifique pour les applications les plus courantes de production de bioénergie et de biocarburants : combustions directe, gazéification, pyrolyse, torréfacgtion, fermentation et densification. Le document est distiné aux professionnels de la foresterie, de la transformation du bois, des pâtes et papiers et de la biomasse qui cherchent de l'information de base sur ces caractéristiques essentielles.
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Études sur les coûts d'établissement des plantations à croissance rapide en milieu forestier

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39761
Author
St-Amour, Michel
Date
Novembre 2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
St-Amour, Michel
Date
Novembre 2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
21 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Costs
Hybrids
Plantations
Productivity
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 14, No. 7
Language
French
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
Dans le cadre de son programme de technologies transformatrices, FPInnovations participe à un projet de recherche sur les sources de biomasse forestière de remplacement pour alimenter la bio-industries émergente. Une série d'études a été menée sur quatre différents sites au Québec puor déterminer la productivité, la qualité et le coût des différents traitements nécessaires pour l'établissement des plantations de peupliers hybrides en milieu forestier. Les études démontrent que les conditions de terrain et l'organisation du travail sont les facteurs qui ont le plus d'influence sur l'efficacité et le coût total des traitements.
Peuplier hybride
PLANTATIONS
Préparation de terrain
Monticules
Coûts
productivity
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Studies on establishment costs of fast-growing tree plantations on forest land

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39808
Author
St-Amour, Michel
Date
November 2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
St-Amour, Michel
Date
November 2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
21 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Costs
Hybrids
Plantations
Productivity
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 14, No. 7
Language
English
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
As part of its Transformative Technologies Program, FPInnovations is taking part in a research project on alternate sources of forest biomass to supply the emerging bio-industry. A series of studies was conducted on four different sites in Quebec to determine productivity, quality and cost of various treatments required to establish hybrid poplar plantations on forest land. The studies showed that site conditions and work organization had the most impact on the effectiveness and total cost of treatments.
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Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2012
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2012
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
4 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Value added
Residues
Heating
Heat
Boilers
Biomass
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 13, No. 4
Language
English
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
FPJoule is a web-based tool that can be used to evaluate the amount of energy contained in harvest residues according to their origin (species group and part of tree) and moisture content. The tool can also be used to quantify the financial advantages when using biomass as a fuel source compared to conventional fossil fuels. A more comprehensive spreadsheet model is also available to FPInnovations members. The latter version can be modified to match a particular facility, such as boiler efficiency.
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Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2012
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2012
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
4 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Test methods
Value added
Residues
Heating
Heat
Boilers
Biomass
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 13, No. 4
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
FPJoule est une application web permettant d’évaluer la quantité d’énergie fournie par des résidus forestiers selon leur origine (groupe d’essences et partie de l’arbre) et leur teneur en humidité. L’outil permet également de quantifier les avantages financiers liés à l’utilisation de la biomasse comme source d’énergie pour le remplacement des combustibles fossiles. Un modèle de feuille de calcul plus complet est également disponible pour les membres de FPInnovations. Cette version peut être modifiée pour correspondre à une installation particulière, comme l’efficacité des chaudières.
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Evaluation of a four-row disc trencher prototype in western Canada

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39709
Author
Evans, Craig
Date
2011
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Evans, Craig
Date
2011
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
8 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 13, No. 11
Language
English
ISSN
14933381
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Pellet tool kit : a basic how-to guide prior to starting your pellet project

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39872
Author
Asman, P.
Date
2011
Material Type
Guide
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Asman, P.
Date
2011
Material Type
Guide
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Pellets
Biomass
Energy
Series Number
E-4895
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
Northern Ontario Value Added Initiative NOVA which discusses Pellets, Biomass and energy.
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Status of energy use in the Canadian wood products sector = Situation sur la consommation d'énergie dans le secteur canadien des produits du bois

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39302
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC).
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
August 2010
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC).
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
August 2010
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
68 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Saw mills
Power supply
Energy
Plywood manufacture
Plywood
Panels manufacturing
Panels
Series Number
W-2780
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
Canada’s wood products industry has long played an important role in the Canadian economy. It is a diverse industry, producing both commodity and value-added products in every region of the country. This energy use status report focuses on five commodities produced within the broadly defined wood products sector: softwood lumber, softwood plywood, oriented strand board (OSB), particleboard (PB) and medium density fibreboard (MDF). The study, conducted by FPInnovations – Forintek Division, takes a different approach than other Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC) reports. It does not focus solely on gross facility manufacturing energy use, but also puts this energy use in context by relating it to upstream energy required to procure raw material and energy inputs. In addition, the study tracks direct and indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by fuel type and accounts for the carbon sequestered in wood products and thus, presents a carbon balance for each finished product at the plant gate. Using a life-cycle analysis approach, this report documents the cradle-to-gate energy use in the production of the five commodities, so each industry segment can better appreciate how it draws upon and uses materials and energy resources and how it may reduce its energy use in the future.
Chapters include resource extration, forest managemetn, resource transportation, softwood lumber manufacture, softwood plywood manufacture, oriented strand board manufacture, composite panel board manufacture, gross energy and carbon balance summary and energy use reduction potential in wood product manufacturing.
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Situation sur la consommation d'énergie dans le secteur canadien des produits du bois

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39304
Contributor
Canada. Ressources naturelles
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
August 2010
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
Contributor
Canada. Ressources naturelles
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
August 2010
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
68 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Saw mills
Power supply
Energy
Plywood manufacture
Plywood
Panels manufacturing
Panels
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
French
ISBN
9.7811E+12
Abstract
Energy resources
Panels - Manufacture - Power requirements
Plywood - Manufacture - Power requirements
Sawmilling - Power requirements
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A bioenergy strategy for British Columbia

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39695
Contributor
British Columbia. Ministry of Forests and Range
British Columbia. Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources
BC Hydro
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
November 2006
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
Contributor
British Columbia. Ministry of Forests and Range
British Columbia. Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources
BC Hydro
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
November 2006
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
1 v.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Utilization
Renewable natural resources
Biomass
Series Number
W-2980
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
Biomass
Renewable natural resources
Utilization
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Mill residue utilization in the ILMA region

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub37498
Author
Troughton, G.E.
Plackett, D.V.
Date
January 1997
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
Author
Troughton, G.E.
Plackett, D.V.
Contributor
Forest Renewal BC
Date
January 1997
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
20 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Waste utilization
Utilization
Saw mills
British Columbia
Series Number
Contract No. 1451
W-1580
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
Forest products companies in the ILMA region covering four areas, Cranbrook, Kootenay, Vavenby and Okanagan, were surveyed for their current mill residue utilization. Although the Cranbrook area showed the lowest utilization of bark residues (0 %), it showed the highest utilization for whitewood, sawdust and shavings (98%). Overall, the Okanagan area generated the largest amount of bark and whitewood residues and showed the highest utilization for these residues (69% utilization for bark and 86% for whitewood). The Kootenay area generated the second highest amount of bark and whitewood residues and showed the second highest utilization for these residues (67% utilization for bark and 76% utilization for whitewood). The amounts of bark, sawdust and shavings, slabs, trim ends and yard debris generated and utilized for the above four areas are presented in this report. In 1996, the utilization of bark and sawdust / shavings residues in the ILMA region as a whole was 49.8% and 83.8% respectively compared to 28% and 45% respectively in 1989 showing a substantial increase in utilization. The primary use for sawdust and shavings was found to be pulp furnish followed by particleboard/fibreboard furnish, internal process heat, and agricultural/bedding material. The primary use for the bark residues was for energy generation, either through cogeneration or for internal process heat. There are few value-added product opportunities for bark in comparison to sawdust and shavings. However, a new value-added hog fuel/bark board recently patented by Forintek may have potential to utilize some quantities of bark residues, providing a number of technical, environmental and economic questions can be satisfactorily addressed. Another new product, BiolimeTM, also shows some potential for utilizing large quantities of bark residues.
Waste - Utilization - British Columbia
Waste - Sawmills
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Study and application of hemicellulases in the preparation of high-value cellulosic materials

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub38898
Author
Senior, D.J.
Date
March 1990
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
Ajoutez cet article à votre liste de sélections pour demander le PDF - Add this item to your selection list to request the PDF
Author
Senior, D.J.
Date
March 1990
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Xylanase
Materials
Cellulosic materials
Series Number
E-3561
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
PDF
Ajoutez cet article à votre liste de sélections pour demander le PDF - Add this item to your selection list to request the PDF
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