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2224 records – page 1 of 112.

Performance assessment of wildfire suppressant products using the crib test methodology

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7857
Author
Refai, Razim
Paskaluk, Stephen
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Paskaluk, Stephen
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
27 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Fire retardant
Fuel treatment
Retardant
Test methods
FPI TR
Water
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2021 n.2
Location
Alberta
Language
English
Abstract
FPInnovations’ Wildfire Operations Advisory group has asked its researchers to explore a method by which the performance of water-enhancing products can be repeatedly assessed in the laboratory. A new test method, known as the crib test, was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of water-enhancing products on burning woody fuel to simulate direct-attack aerial operations. This report outlines the methodology for the crib test and describes the findings from performance evaluation tests conducted at the Protective Clothing and Equipment Research Facility (PCERF) at the University of Alberta.
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Wildfire suppressant rheology. Mapping viscosity as a function of product mix ratios

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7858
Author
Refai, Razim
Yang, Junyi
Tsai, Peichun Amy
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Yang, Junyi
Tsai, Peichun Amy
Contributor
University of Alberta
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
20 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Fire retardant
Retardant
Viscosity
Water
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2021 n.3
Location
Alberta
Language
English
Abstract
The USDA Forest Service’s Qualified Product List (QPL) provides guidance on the range of permissible mix ratios for water-enhancer products. Due to the proprietary nature of water-enhancer products, there are several unknowns about the rheology of the permissible mix ratios. This study focused on mapping the viscosity of various suppressant products as a function of their mix ratios. The results revealed a wide range of viscosities across products, with each product showing a different non-linear relationship with different mix ratios. The results from this study can help understand the optimum viscosity range to achieve desired drop characteristics during aerial operations.
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Area-based water delivery systems. Exploratory research on logistics, water delivery, and its localized impacts

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7859
Author
Refai, Razim
Hsieh, Rex
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Hsieh, Rex
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
20 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Fire retardant
Retardant
Spruce
Water
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2021 n.1
Location
Alberta
Language
English
Abstract
The aim of this study was to capture data on area-based water delivery systems, specifically in the context of logistics, systems differentiation, water delivery, and its localized effects. FPInnovations successfully collaborated with Fire & Flood to obtain this data. A two-day test was executed during which Fire & Flood set up their 4- and 12-inch systems and carried out sprinkler operations.
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Performance evaluation of siding materials subjected to radiant heat loads

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7694
Author
Coronel, Eder Alain Villa
Refai, Razim
McDonald, Andre
Date
March 2020
Edition
36366
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Coronel, Eder Alain Villa
Refai, Razim
McDonald, Andre
Contributor
FireSmart Canada
Date
March 2020
Edition
36366
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
19 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Transportation & Infrastructure
Subject
Cedar siding
Engineered wood
Heat
Oriented strandboard (OSB)
Siding
Testing
FPI TR
Vinyl siding
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.19
Language
English
Abstract
A methodology was developed to evaluate the performance of different commercially available siding materials when exposed to high and low radiant heat loads. The materials evaluated in this study were engineered wood, fibre cement board, cedar siding, and vinyl siding. The time to ignition of the wall prototypes was used to evaluate the performance of these materials.
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Helitorch redesign: field test results and modifications

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7721
Author
Finn, Dave
Ackerman, Mark
Campbell, Roy
Date
October 2020
Edition
53070
Material Type
InfoNote
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Finn, Dave
Ackerman, Mark
Campbell, Roy
Date
October 2020
Edition
53070
Material Type
InfoNote
Physical Description
5 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Wildfires
Forestry
Forest fire
Series Number
InfoNote ; 2020 n. 12
Language
English
Abstract
The Alberta Agriculture and Forestry (AFF) Wildfire Management Branch Ignition Specialists Working Group has endorsed a collaborative project to develop a redesigned helitorch. The goal of this project is to have an acceptable and proven replacement helitorch based on extensive testing.
Documents

InfoNote2020N12.PDF

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Fostering Aboriginal involvement in Canada's forest industry, a route to understanding

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7792
Author
Hamilton, Peter
Date
November 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Hamilton, Peter
Date
November 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
26 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Aboriginal
First Nations
Forest industry
Forestry
Logging
Operations
Training
Series Number
FPInnovations ; 2020
Language
English
Abstract
This presentation discusses services for logging contractors to help develop their skills in their operational and financial performances. Involvement and engagement with First Nations and using DiagFor are two of the topics presented.
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Accounting for climate change impacts in the design of resource road stream crossings. Final webinar of the free series on case studies and use of available climate tools

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7807
Author
Kurowski, Matt
Date
December 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Kurowski, Matt
Contributor
BC Ministry of Forests, lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development
Date
December 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
1 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Transportation & Infrastructure
Subject
Climate
Resource roads
Risk assessment
Roads
Series Number
Publicit Flyer
Language
English
Abstract
Information on the webinar series developed in coordination with and with funding from the British Columbia, Ministry of Frests, Land, Natioanl Resource Operations and Rural Development. Webinar information for January 14, 2021
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Developing tools and techniques to streamline forest fuel sampling. Innovation and application in the Alkali Resource Management area

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7810
Author
MacKinnon, Brandon
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
April 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
MacKinnon, Brandon
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
April 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
41 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Efficiency
Forestry
Fuel load
Sampling
FPI TR
FOP Technical Report
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.43
Language
English
Abstract
Evaluation  of  forest  environments  to  assess  fuel  loading  using  conventional  inventory methods is labour-intensive, time-consuming, and requires extensive training to be completed correctly. Fuels managers would like to apply simpler, less expensive fuel sampling methods and still maintain acceptable accuracy in fuel load measurements. FPInnovations  has  explored  different  fuel  sampling  techniques  that  may  be  applicable to the forest stands of central British Columbia. The photoload sampling technique  was  deemed  to  be  a  valuable  tool  that  can  be  enhanced  to  suitably  represent the forest fuels in Interior Douglas-fir environments and can be adapted to other fuel environments with appropriate amendments.
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Forest road deactivation, removing culverts and installing cross-ditches and waterbars. A practical guide for forest and resource workers

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7828
Author
Yorston, Ken
Ravnaas, Eric
Gillies, Clayton
Date
November 2020
Material Type
Guide
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Yorston, Ken
Ravnaas, Eric
Gillies, Clayton
Date
November 2020
Material Type
Guide
Research report
Physical Description
2 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Transportation & Infrastructure
Subject
Culverts
Water crossings
Water
Stream
Stream management
Sediment control
Roads
Riparian zones
Erosion
Forest roads
Advantage
Series Number
Deactivation pamphlet; 2020
Language
English
Abstract
This guide provides guidance for equipment operators for construction of commonly prescribed road deactivation structures. Timber sale licence (TSL) holders and contractors can use this guide as a reference in achieving conformance to a prepared deactivation plan.
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Predicted pavement damage from widebase steering tires: a methodology to estimate widebase steering tire load equivalency

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub19842
Author
Bradley, Allan
Thiam, Papa-Masseck
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Bradley, Allan
Thiam, Papa-Masseck
Contributor
Canadian Forest Services (CFS)
National Resources Canada (NRC)
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
33 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Transportation & Infrastructure
Subject
Roads
Tires
Trucks
FPI TR
Weight
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.12
Language
English
Abstract
Canadian regulators utilize the ESAL concept for vehicle impact evaluations and(or) pavement design. Unfortunately, TAC’s ESAL equations do not account for tire size and, consequently, overestimate steering axle impacts when those axles are equipped with widebase steering tires. Many new vehicles proposed for use in Canada feature tridem-drive tractors and heavily loaded steering axles—these heavy loads necessitate the use of widebase steering tires. In order to optimize high efficiency truck configurations in Canada, therefore, accurate estimates of widebase steering tire ESALs are needed. This work describes a methodology to estimate ESALs for widebase steering tires. These ESAL equations were used to justify an increase in steering axle weights for B.C. 9-axle log B-trains.
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Effectiveness of retardant on mulch fuels: a case study at Pelican Mountain, 2018

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub19843
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Contributor
Canadian Forest Services (CFS)
Natural Resources Canada (NRC)
Alberta Agriculture and Forestry (AAF)
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
27 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Fire retardant
Fuel treatment
Mulching
Mulch
FPI TR
Retardant
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.7
Language
English
Abstract
Mulching is a common method of fuel treatment. However, it is not currently listed by the U.S. Forest Service as a fuel type in its recommendations for fire retardant coverage levels. FPInnovations researchers set up plots with different coverage levels of retardant on a mulch fuel bed and collected fire behaviour data when a fire interacted with these plots. The results are intended to help wildfire agencies understand the effectiveness of retardant on mulch fuels in developing better suppression plans.
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A Climate change vulnerability assessment approach for resource roads

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub19848
Author
Partington, Mark
Bradley, Allan
Date
February 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Partington, Mark
Bradley, Allan
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada (NRC)
Date
February 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
23 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Transportation & Infrastructure
Subject
Climate
Resource roads
Risk assessment
FPI TR
Roads
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.8
Language
English
Abstract
Given the benefits that resource roads provide to economic and social well-being, it is important to understand the impacts of a changing climate on resource roads and infrastructure. As the forest industry and governments move toward creating resource roads that are resilient to climate change, an early step in the adaptive management process is to assess the risks and vulnerabilities of infrastructure to climate change.
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Evaluation of the Seeing Machines' Guardian Gen 2 driver fatigue and distraction monitoring system in interior British Columbia log-hauling operations

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub19851
Author
Shetty, Mithun
Kohorst, Trish
Jokai, Rob
Date
January 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Shetty, Mithun
Kohorst, Trish
Jokai, Rob
Contributor
BC Forest Safety Council
Date
January 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
26 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Transportation & Infrastructure
Subject
Driver fatigue
Log hauling
FPI TR
Transport
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.3
Language
English
Abstract
As part of FPInnovations’ and BC Forest Safety Council’s ongoing evaluation of fatigue management technology, Seeing Machines’ Guardian Gen 2, an eye-tracking–based driver assistance system that monitors driver fatigue and distraction, was evaluated in Interior B.C. log-hauling operations. In addition, driver fatigue scores based on a wristband technology, Readiband, were correlated with the drivers’ reported scores to verify the fatigue level in the participating fleets. The study findings, participants’ feedback, and onboard device performance are summarized in this report.
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Évaluation du Guardian, le système embarqué de surveillance de La Fatigue de 2e génération de Seeing Machines, dans le cadre des activités de transport de billes dans l'intérieur de la Colombie-Britannique

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub19852
Author
Shetty, Mithun
Kohorst, Trish
Jokai, Rob
Date
Janvier 2020
Edition
52900
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Shetty, Mithun
Kohorst, Trish
Jokai, Rob
Contributor
BC Forest Safety Council
Date
Janvier 2020
Edition
52900
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
29 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Transportation & Infrastructure
Subject
Driver fatigue
Log hauling
FPI TR
Transport
Series Number
FO Rapport technique ; RT 2020 N3
Language
French
Abstract
Dans le cadre de l’évaluation en cours des technologies de gestion de la fatigue réalisée par FPInnovations et le Conseil de la sécurité forestière de la C.-B., le Guardian de deuxième génération de Seeing Machines, un système de suivi des mouvements des yeux qui surveille la fatigue et la distraction chez les conducteurs, a fait l’objet d’une évaluation lors des activités de transport de billes dans l’intérieur de la C.-B. De plus, les pointages de la fatigue des conducteurs, établis selon le bracelet Readiband, ont été corrélées avec les pointages déclarés par les conducteurs afin de vérifier le niveau de fatigue chez les conducteurs des flottes prenant part à l’évaluation. Les résultats de l’étude, la rétroaction des participants et le rendement du dispositif embarqué sont résumés dans le présent rapport.
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Survival zones for wildland firefighters: a case study at Vine Creek in Jasper National Park

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub19862
Author
Baxter, Greg
Thomasson, Jim
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Baxter, Greg
Thomasson, Jim
Contributor
Alberta Agriculture and Forestry (AAF)
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Alberta
Fire
Fire protection
Heat
Protection
Temperature
Topography
FPI TR
Wildfires
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.13
Language
English
Abstract
Data was collected within a burned out area on a steep mountain slope as part of FPInnovations’s Survival Zone project. The fire was a prescribed burn carried out by Parks Canada in Jasper National Park. The data collected shows that in this one instance, that temperatures and heat flux values fell within survivable range for firefighters wearing PPE. This report does not condone firefighters above a fire on a steep slope, but rather this PB was used as a data collecting opportunity.
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Integrating fuel treatment data into the Canadian wildland fire information framework. A review of Canadian data management systems and requirements

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub36367
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Hvenegaard, Steven
Refai, Razim
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Hvenegaard, Steven
Refai, Razim
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
25 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
FPI TR
Forestry
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.20
Language
English
Abstract
The National Fuels Management Reference Database was designed to collect data on wildland fuel treatment implementation and maintenance. This information is relevant to the Emergency Management Strategy in understanding where fuel treatments are located and how they were applied. FPInnovations reviewed the current status and use of the database and data depositories within wildfire management agencies. Combined with the findings of wildfire risk assessment experts’ data requirements, recommendations were provided for the integration of fuel treatment data into the Canadian Wildland Fire Information Framework.
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Fuel treatment intensity and fire behaviour. Experimental fires in mulched fuels at Pelican mountain

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub36371
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Contributor
Alberta Agriculture and Forestry (AAF)
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Wildfires
Forestry
Fuel
Black spruce
Alberta
Density
Physical properties
Mulch
Forest fire
Crown fire
Wind
FPI TR
FOP Technical Report
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.18
Language
English
Abstract
This study investigated the effects of applying three mulch treatment intensities on fuel bed characteristics and the resultant fire behaviour. This is a companion report to a previously published report titled Mulching productivity in black spruce fuels: Productivity as a function of treatment intensity. The findings of these fire behaviour trials, in conjunction with productivity results, can assist fuel management practitioners in developing appropriate cost-effective mulching prescriptions.
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Hotspot detection in harvest debris burn sites. Infrared sensing using remotely piloted aircraft systems

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub36372
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Contributor
BC Timber Sales
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
14 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Wildfires
Infrared sensing
Hotspots
Aircraft
Forestry
FPI TR
FOP Technical Report
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.17
Language
English
Abstract
FPInnovations collaborated with BC Timber Sales and Hummingbird Drones, a company with expertise in wildfire hotspot detection, to explore the use of a DJI Inspire 1 Pro remotely piloted aircraft system equipped with a thermal sensor as a hotspot detection tool.
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Performance evaluation of commercially available wildland fire chemicals using a custom-built thermal canister

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub36373
Author
Refai, Razim
Coronel, Eder Alain Villa
McDonald, Andre
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Coronel, Eder Alain Villa
McDonald, Andre
Contributor
Canadian Forest Services (CFS)
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources & Forestry (OMNR)
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
24 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Fire retardant
Wildfires
Chemicals
Gel
Retardant
FPI TR
Water
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.11
Location
Ontario
Language
English
Abstract
This study focuses on evaluating the relative performance of different commercially available wildland fire chemicals using a custom-built sensible enthalpy rise calorimeter, known as the ‘Thermal Canister.’ Six different fire chemicals were evaluated in this study: Blazetamer 380, AquaGel-K, Firewall II, WD 881C, Thermo-Gel 200 L, and FireIce 561. The evaluation of the relative performance of the fire chemicals was conducted by using the average heat release rate as the primary metric. It was found that under the test conditions, Thermo-Gel 200L at 3% concentration and FireIce 561 at 1.4% concentration were the most effective at suppressing combustion. The fire chemicals that were least effective at suppressing combustion were Firewall II at 0.25% and 2% concentration and WD 881C at 0.1%, 0.3%, and 1% concentrations. The study also found that certain fire chemicals such as AquaGel-K and FireIce 561 at their highest approved mix ratios were too viscous to be applied and may prove to be challenging to use for firefighting operations. Data from this study will be used in the Wildfire Chemical Roadmap, where results from multiple tests will help assess the effectiveness and cost of using gels.
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Fuel amendment as a forest fuel removal treatment: exploratory trials in black spruce fuels at the Fort Providence Wildfire Experimental Site

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub36410
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
May 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Contributor
Northwest Territories Environment and Natural Resources
Date
May 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Fiber Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Fire
Crown fire
Mulch
Treatment
Black spruce
FPI TR
Picea mariana
Series Number
Technical Reports ; TR 2020 n.21
Language
English
Abstract
A fuel amendment treatment is proposed as a technique that can allow prescribed burning in hazardous fuels during low to moderate fire hazard conditions to minimize the risk of fire escape. In August 2017, a fuel amendment technique was applied at the Fort Providence Wildfire Experimental Site. In October 2019, a burn trial was conducted in a plot treated with the fuel amendment technique and fire spread to adjacent fuels was documented. Future documentation at this site will include assessing crown mortality to determine the effectiveness of the treatment.
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2224 records – page 1 of 112.