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3129 records – page 1 of 157.

Using life cycle assessment to reduce environmental impacts in Canadian construction. A review of best regulatory practices

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52901
Author
Grann, Blane
Mahalle, Lal
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Environment
Author
Grann, Blane
Mahalle, Lal
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
22 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Environment
Research Area
Environment & LCA
Subject
Building construction
Buildings
Canada
Construction
Environmental impact
Quality control
Qualitative analysis
Materials
Regulations
Series Number
Wood Products ; 2020
Location
Canada
Language
English
Abstract
This report reviews life cycle assessment (LCA) based regulatory approaches that have been adopted in several countries to evaluate and improve environmental impacts of cosntruction products and buildings. Recommendations are provided for incorporating LCA into Canadian regulations (including the National Building Code of Canada), and for enhancing building LCA guidelines to address principles of consistency, simplicity, and representative data which can improve the effectiveness of LCA to achieve regulatory objectives. This work supports the project need of guidance for performance-based design to accelerate the introduction of wood-based systems. The findings of this review can be used to help accelerate the adoption of life cycle-based regulations for buildings and infrastructure in Canada.
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Design guide for timber-concrete composite floors in Canada

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52903
Author
Cuerrier-Auclair, Samuel
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Guide
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Cuerrier-Auclair, Samuel
Contributor
Forestry Innovation Investment
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Guide
Research report
Physical Description
99 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
New Construction Materials
Subject
Canada
Concrete
Floors
Design
Structural composites
Wood
Laminate product
Veneer
Series Number
SP-540E
Location
Pointe-Claire, Quebec
Language
English
ISBN
9780864885967
ISSN
19250495
Abstract
In the construction of buildings, the timber-concrete (TCC) system can be a cost-competitive solution for floors with longer spans, since the mechanical properties of the two materials are used efficiently. Furthermore, the additional mass from the concrete improves the acoustic performance compared to a timber floor system alone. Nevertheless, TCC floors are not commonly used in buildings in Canada, due to the absence of technical guidelines for such types of structural systems in this country.
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A Solid wood bioheat guide for rural and remote communities in Ontario

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52904
Author
Prevost, Glen
Date
February 2020
Material Type
Guide
Manual
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Prevost, Glen
Contributor
National Resources Canada (NRC)
Northern Ontario Heritage Fund Corporation
FedNor
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry
Date
February 2020
Material Type
Guide
Manual
Physical Description
64 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biofuel
Bioheat
Biomass
Fuel
Heat
Forestry
Ontario
Research
Wood
Location
Ontario
Language
English
ISBN
9780864885869
ISSN
19250495
Abstract
This guide provides detailed information on solid woody biofuels that are available in Ontario and the combustion systems that can burn these biofuels. The four types of solid woody biofuels considered in this guide are cordwood (firewood), wood chips, wood briquettes, and wood pellets. The three types of combustion systems are stoves, furnaces, and boilers. The major considerations for sourcing and using each type of biofuel and combustion system for institutional / commercial and residential applications are outlined in this guide.
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Guide sur la biothermie àpartir de biomasse forestière pour les communautés rurales et éloignées de l'Ontario

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52905
Author
Prevost, Glen
Date
Février 2020
Material Type
Guide
Manual
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Prevost, Glen
Contributor
National Resources Canada (NRC)
Northern Ontario Heritage Fund Corporation
FedNor
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry
Date
Février 2020
Material Type
Guide
Manual
Physical Description
72 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biofuel
Bioheat
Biomass
Fuel
Heat
Forestry
Ontario
Research
Wood
Location
Ontario
Language
French
ISBN
9780864885869
ISSN
19250495
Abstract
Ce guide donne de l'information détaillée sur les biocombustibles solides qui sont disponibles en Ontario et sur les systèmes de combustion qui peuvent brûler ces biocombustibles. Les quatre types de biocombustibles solides dont il est question dans ce guide sont le bois de chauffage, les copeaux de bois, les briquettes de bois et les granules de bois. Les trois types de systèmes de combustion sont les poêles, les générateurs d'air chaud et les chadières. Ce guide présente les principales considérations en ce qui concerne l'approvisionnement et l'utilisation de chaque type de biocombustible et système de combustion pour les applications instituttionnelles/commerciales et résidentielles.
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Expanding wood use towards 2025: seismic performance of braced mass timber frames, year 2

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52921
Author
Chen, Zhiyong
Popovski, Marjan
Date
February 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Chen, Zhiyong
Popovski, Marjan
Date
February 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
40 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Cross Laminated Timber (CLT)
Performance
Building construction
Building materials
Seismic
Series Number
Expanding wood use towards 2025
Language
English
Abstract
Braced timber frames (BTFs) are one of the most efficient structural systems to resist lateral loads induced by earthquakes or high winds. Although BTFs are implemented as a system in the National Building Code of Canada (NBCC), no design guidelines currently exist in CSA O86. That not only leaves these efficient systems out of reach of designers, but also puts them in danger of being eliminated from NBCC. The main objective of this project is to generate the technical information needed for development of design guidelines for BTFs as a lateral load resisting system in CSA O86. The seismic performance of 30 BTFs with riveted connections was studied last year by conducting nonlinear dynamic analysis; and also 15 glulam brace specimens using bolted connections were tested under cyclic loading.
In the second year of the project, a relationship between the connection and system ductility of BTFs was derived based on engineering principles. The proposed relationship was verified against the nonlinear pushover analysis results of single- and multi-storey BTFs with various building heights. The influence of the connection ductility, the stiffness ratio, and the number of tiers and storeys on the system ductility of BTFs was investigated using the verified relationship. The minimum connection ductility for different categories (moderately ductile and limited ductility) of BTFs was estimated.
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Hybrid profiled decking innovation engine 2019 - 2020

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52926
Author
Wong, Daniel
Stirling, Rod
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
Author
Wong, Daniel
Stirling, Rod
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
19 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
Research Area
Advanced Wood Manufacturing
Subject
Decking
Preservatives
Testing
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
Decking markets in Canada lack options of hybrid designs and are generally limited to smooth 5/4” or 2x6” of either pressure treated wood, cedar, tropical hardwoods or wood plastic composites. Profiled decking has been unsuccessful in entering the Canadian market on a large scale even though globally it is more prevalent. This report looks to leverage FPInnovations’ expertise to identify opportunities to improve the stability, durability, performance and competitiveness of wood decking by combining profiling and treatment with additional non-wood materials. This information will be used to develop prototypes of novel wood-based decking products that would suit the needs of Canadian consumers as well as maintaining or expanding the solid wood decking market for Canadian producers. Six hybrid decking models were conceptualized to address market concerns about wood decking.
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Expanding wood use towards 2025: seismic performance of midply shear walls

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52949
Author
Chen, Zhiyong
Ni, Chun
Karacabeyli, Erol
Yeh, Borjen
Line, Philip
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Chen, Zhiyong
Ni, Chun
Karacabeyli, Erol
Yeh, Borjen
Line, Philip
Contributor
Engineered Wood Assocation (APA)
American Wood Council (AWC)
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
47 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
New Construction Materials
Subject
Cross Laminated Timber (CLT)
Performance
Building construction
Building materials
Seismic
Shear walls
Standards
Series Number
Expanding wood use towards 2025
Language
English
Abstract
Midply shear wall (hereafter Midply), which was originally developed by researchers at Forintek Canada Corp. (predecessor of FPInnovations) and the University of British Columbia, is a high-capacity shear wall system that is suitable for high wind and seismic loadings. Its superior seismic performance was demonstrated in a full-scale earthquake simulation test of a 6-storey wood-frame building in Japan. In collaboration with APA–The Engineered Wood Association and the American Wood Council (AWC), a new framing arrangement was designed in this study to increase the vertical load resistance of Midply and make it easier to accommodate electrical and plumbing services. In this study, a total of 14 Midply specimens in six wall configurations with different sheathing thicknesses and nail spacing were tested under reversed cyclic loading. Test results showed that Midply has approximately twice the lateral load capacity of a comparable standard shear wall. The drift capacity and energy dissipation capability are also greater than comparable standard shear walls. For Midply to use the same seismic force modification factors as standard shear walls, seismic equivalency to standard shear walls in accordance with ASTM D7989 was also conducted. Although Midply has superior lateral load and drift capacities, it does not seem to be as ductile as the standard shear walls at the same over-strength level. Additional testing and dynamic analysis are recommended to address this issue.
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Low-density OSB. Pilot plant study and techno-economic analysis

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52986
Author
Groves, C. Kevin
MacFarlane, Alan
Feng, Martin
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
Author
Groves, C. Kevin
MacFarlane, Alan
Feng, Martin
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
30 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
Research Area
Advanced Wood Manufacturing
Subject
Testing
Strandboards
Oriented strandboard (OSB)
Gluing
Glue
Pilot Plant
Markets
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
In this project, the main objective was to evaluate the “best bet” experimental mat structure design previously identified by FPInnovations in 2018/19. This mat structure was comprised of three strand size classes incorporated into six equal weight mat layers. Both experimental and control panels were prepared at 39lb/ft³ and 35lb/ft³ densities and tested for dry static bending, single cycle bending (D4), concentrated static load, thickness swell, and internal bond strength.
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Effet des paramètres de conception sur la performance vibratoire des planchers massifs en bois

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53013
Author
Hu, Lin J.
Date
Juin 2020
Material Type
InfoNote
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Hu, Lin J.
Date
Juin 2020
Material Type
InfoNote
Physical Description
4 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building systems
Subject
Design
Dowel-laminated timber (DLT)
Floor
Mass Timber
Performance
Vibration
Series Number
InfoNote; 2020 n.5
Language
French
Abstract
La construction massive en bois est un terme générique qui englobe une grande variété de produits du bois épais et lourds, notamment le bois lamellé-croisé (CLT), le bois lamellé-goujonné (DLT), le bois lamellé-cloué et le bois lamellé-collé (GLT). À ce jour, les méthodes de conception à vibrations contrôlées ont surtout été élaborées pour les planchers en CLT.
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Effect of design parameters on mass timber floor vibration performance

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53014
Author
Hu, Lin J.
Date
June 2020
Material Type
InfoNote
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Hu, Lin J.
Date
June 2020
Material Type
InfoNote
Physical Description
4 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building systems
Subject
Design
Dowel-laminated timber (DLT)
Floor
Mass Timber
Performance
Vibration
Series Number
InfoNote; 2020 N5
Language
French
Abstract
Mass timber is a generic name for a broad range of thick and heavy wood products such as cross-laminated timber (CLT), dowel-laminated timber (DLT), nail-laminated timber (NLT), and gluelaminated timber (GLT), among others. So far, vibration-controlled design methods have been developed mostly for CLT floors.
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FPInnovations' Value Delivery Compendium, June 2020

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53017
Author
FPInnovations
Date
2020
Material Type
Research report
Author
FPInnovations
Date
2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
58 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Wood Products
Research Area
Corporate
Subject
Biosourced products
Competitiveness
Costs
Fiber
Forestry
Forestry 4.0
Forests
Markets
Sustainability
Transition
Series Number
FPInnovations Compendium ; 2020
Location
Pointe Claire, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
The compendium is a reference tool that provides a common vision for the company and is aligned with our research direction.
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Compendium de prestation de valeur de FPInnovations, juin 2020

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53018
Author
FPInnovations
Date
2020
Material Type
Research report
Author
FPInnovations
Date
2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
58 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Wood Products
Research Area
Corporate
Subject
Biosourced products
Competitiveness
Costs
Fiber
Forestry
Forestry 4.0
Forests
Markets
Sustainability
Transition
Series Number
FPInnovations Compendium ; 2020
Location
Pointe Claire, Québec
Language
French
Abstract
Le compendium est un outil de référence qui fournit une vision commune de l'entreprise ainsi que des messages clairs, conformes à l'orientation de nos recherches.
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Flame spread in concealed mass timber spaces, report to Forestry Innovation Investment Ltd.

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53042
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Report
Physical Description
40 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Fire
Doors
Timber
Resistance
Laminate product
Language
English
Abstract
These concealed or void space cases require installation of elements which represent additional material cost and labour. For wood buildings that rely heavily on prefabrication, these steps can have a significant impact on scheduling. Removing dependence on concrete and gypsum board in certain applications could make wood buildings more cost competitive to similar buildings of steel and concrete and could further enhance the benefits of prefabricated construction.
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Encapsulated mass timber floor surfaces, report to Forestry Innovation Investment Ltd.

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53043
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Bénichou, Noureddine
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Bénichou, Noureddine
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Report
Physical Description
55 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Wood
Fire
Design
Building code
Floors
Fire tests
Residential construction
Language
English
Abstract
Currently, mass timber building designs commonly incorporate a concrete floor topping. This can improve building accoustics by increasing the mass of the assembly, reduce floor vibration and create a smooth flat surface to install finish flooring on. The installation of concrete requires formwork, pouring and finishing the concrete and time to cure which adds to project schedules. One way to address this is to use mass timber elements that are prefabricated with concrete toppings preinstalled. Replaceing the concrete floor toppings wiht dry alternatives, such as cement board, may also reduce construction timelines, while still ensuring adequate acoustic and vibration performance. Cement board needs only to be screwed in place and can be walked on immediately after installation; this reduction in construction time may reduce overall project costs and help make wood buildings more cost competitive than other types of construction.
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Vivre avec le bois, dynamique des marchés: enquête auprès des consommateurs. Rapport 3

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52979
Author
Chamberland, Vincent
Date
Mars 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Chamberland, Vincent
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)
Ontario Ministry of Natural Reources Forestryv(OMNRF)
Date
Mars 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
43 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Market Analysis
Subject
Construction materials
Markets
Wood products
Language
French
Abstract
Dans le cadre de l’initiative « Vivre avec le bois », FPInnovations désire identifier les besoins et les dynamiques de marché associés aux différents produits du bois de deuxième transformation afin d’en améliorer la pénétration sur le marché. Dans ce contexte, cette étude documente les préférences des consommateurs et leur processus de décision au moment de l’achat de différents matériaux de construction.
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Vivre avec le bois, dynamique des marchés: portrait sommaire de l'industrie Canadienne du bois. Rapport 1

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52980
Author
Gagnon, Maire-Elaine
Chamberland, Vincent
Date
Mars 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Gagnon, Maire-Elaine
Chamberland, Vincent
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)
Ontario Ministry of Natural Reources Forestryv(OMNRF)
Date
Mars 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
31 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Market Analysis
Subject
Construction materials
Markets
Canada
Wood products
Language
French
Abstract
Dans le cadre de l’initiative Vivre avec le bois – Dynamique des marchés, un portrait sommaire de l’industrie canadienne du bois a été dressé afin de présenter la répartition ainsi que les capacités de production des différents manufacturiers à l’échelle du pays.
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Vivre avec le bois, dynamique des marchés: proposition de valeur. Rapport 5

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52981
Author
Kinuani, Nsimba
Chamberland, Vincent
Gagnon, Marie-Elaine
Date
Mars 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Kinuani, Nsimba
Chamberland, Vincent
Gagnon, Marie-Elaine
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)
Ontario Ministry of Natural Reources Forestryv(OMNRF)
Date
Mars 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
24 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Market Analysis
Subject
Construction materials
Markets
Wood products
Value
Language
French
Abstract
La présente proposition de valeur résume les conclusions des différentes études menées au Canada et aux États-Unis, lesquelles identifient les menaces ou défis ainsi que les différentes occasions qui se présentent pour l’industrie du bois de la deuxième transformation, en particulier pour les quatre secteurs suivants : revêtements de plancher, patios et terrasses, parements extérieurs et armoires de cuisine. Le but ultime de cette proposition est de dresser les pistes de recherche afin de maintenir ou d’accroître les parts de marché des produits du bois existants ou de gagner des marchés avec des produits novateurs. Ce rapport évalue également les priorités d’actions en fonction des menaces ou défis auxquels l’industrie fait face.
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Vivre avec le bois, dynamique des marchés: tendances des marchés nord-américains. Rapport 2

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52982
Author
Chamberland, Vincent
Kinuani, Nsimba
Date
Mars 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Chamberland, Vincent
Kinuani, Nsimba
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)
Ontario Ministry of Natural Reources Forestryv(OMNRF)
Date
Mars 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
17 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Market Analysis
Subject
Construction materials
Markets
Wood products
United States
Canada
Language
French
Abstract
Ce rapport présente brièvement les principales tendances de marché qui caractérisent quatre différents segments de produits de seconde transformation : les recouvrements de plancher, les armoires de cuisine, les patios et terrasses et les revêtements extérieurs. Une attention particulière est apportée aux tendances des produits en bois.
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Development of CLT products with improved fire performance

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52984
Author
He, Guangbo
Feng, Martin
Roussiere, Fabrice
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
He, Guangbo
Feng, Martin
Roussiere, Fabrice
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
17 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
New Construction Materials
Subject
Fire
Structural composites
Laminate product
Timber
Hardwoods
Testing
Language
English
Abstract
The fire resistance of cross-laminated timber (CLT) could be improved by treating the lamina with fire retardants. The major issues with this technology are the reduced bondability of the treated lamina with commercial adhesives. This study assessed several surface preparation methods that could improve the bondability and bond durability of fire-retardant treated wood  with  two  commercial  adhesives.  Four  surface  preparation  methods,  including  moisture/heat/pressure, surface planing, surface chemical treatment, and surface plasma treatment were assessed for their impact on the bondability and bond durability of lodgepole pine lamina. The block shear test results indicated that all surface preparation methods were somewhat  effective  in  improving  bond  performance  of  fire-retardant  treated  wood  compared to the untreated control wood samples, depending on the types of fire retardants and wood adhesives applied in the treatment process and bonding process. The selection of surface preparation, fire retardant, and wood adhesive should be considered interactively to obtain the best bond properties and fire performance. It may be possible to effectively bond the treated lamina with PUR adhesive without any additional surface preparation for the fire retardant used in the treatment at FPInnovations.
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Evaluating fire performance of nail-laminated timber: influence of gaps

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub51038
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Date
March 2019
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
PDF
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Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Date
March 2019
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
61 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Building construction
Fire
Nailing
Cross Laminated Timber (CLT)
Mechanical properties
Safety
Language
English
Abstract
The objective of this work is to generate fire performance data for NLT assemblies to address gaps in technical knowledge. This project aims to study how the size of gaps between NLT boards might affect charring of an assembly and its overall fire performance. This research will support designers and builders in the use of mass timber assemblies in larger and taller buildings, by ensuring fire safe designs.
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3129 records – page 1 of 157.