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2372 records – page 1 of 119.

Stand conversion for wildfire risk mitigation management strategies

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7942
Author
Matute, Pamela
Date
February 2021
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Matute, Pamela
Contributor
Alberta Agriculture and Forestry
Date
February 2021
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
21 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Wildfires
Infrared sensing
Hotspots
Aircraft
Forestry
FPI TR
FOP Technical Report
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2021 No.7
Language
English
Abstract
This review explores the benefits, challenges, limitations, logistics, and cost-effectiveness of different management options to convert conifer-dominated stands to aspen-dominated stands. These alternatives can include overstory removal (harvesting, bulldozing, shear blading, prescribed burning) and site preparation (root trenching, drag scarification, broadcast burning) treatments. On sites where parent aspen trees are not present in the original stand, tree planting will be necessary albeit costly in comparison to regeneration by suckering. While extensive literature exists on the regeneration of trembling aspen through suckering, research on artificial establishment with seedlings and its requirements is still in its infancy and rapidly developing.
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Truck platooning: principle of operation and benefits webinar

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7946
Author
Bevly, David M.
Date
February 2021
Material Type
Webinar
Field
Fibre Supply

  1 video

Author
Bevly, David M.
Date
February 2021
Material Type
Webinar
Physical Description
Video ; 48:26 min.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Transportation Infrastructure
Subject
Transportation
Trucks
Platooning
Webinar
Series Number
Video ; 2021
Language
English
Abstract
Hosted by Edouard Proust, this presentation by David Bevly held on February 10, 2021 highlights an important component of FPInnovations' Transportation and Infrastructure group's work. The concept of truck platooning, inspired by pelotons of cyclists and originally developed for highway use to obtain fuel savings, utilizes technology to maintain the desired distance between trucks by controlling acceleration and braking, and the relative lateral position of the vehicles by steering, reacting faster than a driver can. Truck platooning has attracted the attention of the natural resources sector and its implementation is expected to increase the productivity of drivers. By allowing the operation of driverless following trucks replicating the path set by the human operated leader vehicle, the concept could help mitigate the workforce shortage that impact the sector while supporting the supply of lumber to mills across the country.
Abstract
Ce contenu est exclusivement en anglais. Merci de contacter notre équipe si vous souhaitez obtenir de l’information en français. Cette présentation de David Bevly a été organisée le 10 février 2021 par Edouard Proust. Elle met en lumière une composante importante du travail effectué par le groupe Transports et Infrastructures de FPInnovations. Le concept d’opération de camions en peloton est inspiré des pelotons de cyclistes et a été mis au point à l’origine pour des applications autoroutières avec pour objectif une réduction de la consommation de carburant. Les camions sont équipés d’une technologie permettant le contrôle de l’accélération, du freinage et de la direction offrant la possibilité de maintenir la distance de suivi entre les véhicules ainsi que leur positionnement latéral relatif. En autorisant la mise en œuvre de camions suiveurs entièrement autonomes et qui répliquent le tracé du camion de tête opéré par un chauffeur, le concept pourrait à terme aider à minimiser l’impact du manque de chauffeurs dans l’industrie tout en supportant l’approvisionnement en fibre des scieries à travers le Canada.
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Oriented pile flammability burn trial October 2020. Collaborations with Mosaic Forest Management and British Columbia Wildfire Service

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7947
Author
Spencer, Stuart
Hvenegaard, Steven
MacKinnon, Brandon
Date
February 2021
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Spencer, Stuart
Hvenegaard, Steven
MacKinnon, Brandon
Contributor
Mosaic Forest Management
British Columbia Wildfire Service
Date
February 2021
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
31 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Wildfires
Infrared sensing
Hotspots
Aircraft
Forestry
FPI TR
FOP Technical Report
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2021 N 8
Location
British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
The clean air initiative led by the British Columbia Ministry of Environment seeks to develop innovative methods to improve community air quality by utilizing harvest residues and minimizing the volume of fibre burned at roadside. Retaining processed tops as roadside oriented piles is proposed as an alternative to burning debris. These burn trials have demonstrated that in this unique arrangement of fuels and interaction of site-specific variables, particular areas of the piles will be more vulnerable to ignition sources which can lead to sustained burning and high intensity fire behaviour. In addition to the low fuel moisture conditions, other fuel properties, such as the close proximity of piles, high volume of fine fuels (branches and needles) and orientation of piles to road all contributed to enhanced burning at this site.
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Performance assessment of wildfire suppressant products using the crib test methodology

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7857
Author
Refai, Razim
Paskaluk, Stephen
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Paskaluk, Stephen
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
27 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Fire retardant
Fuel treatment
Retardant
Test methods
FPI TR
Water
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2021 n.2
Location
Alberta
Language
English
Abstract
FPInnovations’ Wildfire Operations Advisory group has asked its researchers to explore a method by which the performance of water-enhancing products can be repeatedly assessed in the laboratory. A new test method, known as the crib test, was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of water-enhancing products on burning woody fuel to simulate direct-attack aerial operations. This report outlines the methodology for the crib test and describes the findings from performance evaluation tests conducted at the Protective Clothing and Equipment Research Facility (PCERF) at the University of Alberta.
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Wildfire suppressant rheology. Mapping viscosity as a function of product mix ratios

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7858
Author
Refai, Razim
Yang, Junyi
Tsai, Peichun Amy
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Yang, Junyi
Tsai, Peichun Amy
Contributor
University of Alberta
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
20 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Fire retardant
Retardant
Viscosity
Water
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2021 n.3
Location
Alberta
Language
English
Abstract
The USDA Forest Service’s Qualified Product List (QPL) provides guidance on the range of permissible mix ratios for water-enhancer products. Due to the proprietary nature of water-enhancer products, there are several unknowns about the rheology of the permissible mix ratios. This study focused on mapping the viscosity of various suppressant products as a function of their mix ratios. The results revealed a wide range of viscosities across products, with each product showing a different non-linear relationship with different mix ratios. The results from this study can help understand the optimum viscosity range to achieve desired drop characteristics during aerial operations.
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Area-based water delivery systems. Exploratory research on logistics, water delivery, and its localized impacts

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7859
Author
Refai, Razim
Hsieh, Rex
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Hsieh, Rex
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
20 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Fire retardant
Retardant
Spruce
Water
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2021 n.1
Location
Alberta
Language
English
Abstract
The aim of this study was to capture data on area-based water delivery systems, specifically in the context of logistics, systems differentiation, water delivery, and its localized effects. FPInnovations successfully collaborated with Fire & Flood to obtain this data. A two-day test was executed during which Fire & Flood set up their 4- and 12-inch systems and carried out sprinkler operations.
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Real-time collection of temperature lapse rate data from aircraft for use in fire operations

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53000
Author
Baxter, Greg
Thomasson, Jim
Date
February 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Baxter, Greg
Thomasson, Jim
Date
February 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
23 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Aircraft
Atmosphere
Lapse rate
Temperature
Fire fighting
FPI TR
Sensors
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.24
Language
English
Abstract
FPInnovations investigated the possibility of collecting real time temperature-altitude data that could be used to determine the stability of the atmosphere. Unstable atmospheric conditions have been associated with erratic and extreme fire behaviour. An increased awareness of atmospheric stability conditions would provide fire managers an additional tool to plan firefighting activities. A firefighting aircraft with a specific sensor was sourced and two years of data was collected and analysed to determine if temperature profiles could be built using the data. Results show the data was sufficiently accurate and was collected at a frequency where temperature lapse rates can be calculated, and the stability of the atmosphere in the area of a fire could be determined.
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Preventing sinking of western hemlock. best practices guide

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53003
Author
Friesen, Charles
Date
January 2020
Material Type
Guide
technical report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Friesen, Charles
Date
January 2020
Material Type
Guide
technical report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Trees
Moisture content
Water
Transport
Series Number
Special Publication ; SP 538
Language
English
ISBN
9780864885890
ISSN
19250509
Abstract
Hemlock can have higher moisture content than most other native trees, causing them to sink. Hemlock lumens have large pits (valves) that allow easy transport of water into the wood. Bigger rings = bigger lumens. Younger hemlock or hemlock tops are more susceptible to sinking. The bigger the rings the more likely to take on water.
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Geosynthetics design guide. Reinforcement solutions for unpaved roads

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53008
Author
Bober, Francis
Thiam, Papa-Masseck
Date
July 2020
Material Type
Guide
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Bober, Francis
Thiam, Papa-Masseck
Date
July 2020
Material Type
Guide
Research report
Physical Description
47 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Transportation & Infrastructure
Subject
Geosynthetics
Soil
Roads
Reinforcement
Series Number
Special Publication ; SP542
Language
English
ISBN
9780864886002
ISSN
19250506
Abstract
This guide provides users with easy to use charts to assist with the design of geosynthetic-reinforced unpaved roads over weak soils. It permits the estimation of key input parameters through simple procedures and judgment based on experience. Further optimization of designs may however be possible through detailed calculations and lab testing which are encouraged whenever feasible.
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Guide d'utilisation des géosynthétiques pour le renforcement des routes non revêtues.

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53009
Author
Bober, Francis
Thiam, Papa-Masseck
Date
Juillet 2020
Material Type
Guide
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Bober, Francis
Thiam, Papa-Masseck
Date
Juillet 2020
Material Type
Guide
Research report
Physical Description
50 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Transportation & Infrastructure
Subject
Geosynthetics
Soil
Roads
Reinforcement
Series Number
Special Publication ; SP542
Language
French
ISBN
9780864885999
ISSN
07094523
Abstract
Ce guide propose des graphiques simples d’utilisation afin d’aider les utilisateurs dans la conception de routes non revêtues renforcées avec des géosynthétiques. Il permet d’estimer les principaux paramètres d’entrée à travers des procédures simples et le recours au jugement découlant de l’expérience. Lorsque possible, le recours à des essais en laboratoire est préconisé pour l’obtention de certaines données d’entrée.
Documents
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FPInnovations' Value Delivery Compendium, June 2020

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53017
Author
FPInnovations
Date
2020
Material Type
Research report
Author
FPInnovations
Date
2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
58 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Wood Products
Research Area
Corporate
Subject
Biosourced products
Competitiveness
Costs
Fibers
Forestry
Forestry 4.0
Forests
Markets
Sustainability
Transition
Series Number
FPInnovations Compendium ; 2020
Location
Pointe Claire, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
The compendium is a reference tool that provides a common vision for the company and is aligned with our research direction.
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Compendium de prestation de valeur de FPInnovations, juin 2020

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53018
Author
FPInnovations
Date
2020
Material Type
Research report
Author
FPInnovations
Date
2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
58 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Wood Products
Research Area
Corporate
Subject
Biosourced products
Competitiveness
Costs
Fibers
Forestry
Forestry 4.0
Forests
Markets
Sustainability
Transition
Series Number
FPInnovations Compendium ; 2020
Location
Pointe Claire, Québec
Language
French
Abstract
Le compendium est un outil de référence qui fournit une vision commune de l'entreprise ainsi que des messages clairs, conformes à l'orientation de nos recherches.
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Validating the GS-61 on-board mixing system for water-enhancer use with heavy helicopters

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53019
Author
Refai, Razim
Hsieh, Rex
Date
August 2020
Material Type
InfoNote
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Hsieh, Rex
Date
August 2020
Material Type
InfoNote
Physical Description
13 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Wildfires
Helicopters
Forestry
Forest fire
FPI TR
Gel
Series Number
Techncial Reports ; TR 2020 N 31
Language
English
Abstract
Alberta Agriculture and Forestry (AAF) asked FPInnovations to conduct a field trial of two heavy helicopters that had recently been installed with on-board injection and mixing systems. The study focussed on determining the accuracy and reproducibility of these systems to produce effectively mixed water-enhancers for aerial delivery during wildfire suppression operations. These field trials were conducted north of Slave Lake, Alta. in June 2020. This report discusses the background, methodology, and outcomes of this equipment validation test.
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Remotely piloted aircraft systems. Evaluation of platforms for hotspot detection on wildfires

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53022
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
August 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Contributor
Alberta Agriculture and Forestry
Date
August 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
23 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Wildfires
Infrared sensing
Hotspots
Aircraft
Forestry
FPI TR
FOP Technical Report
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 N 29
Language
English
Abstract
The ongoing evolution of remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPASs) with recent advances in micro-sensors and imaging software has the potential to enhance the delivery of infrared imaging services for wildfire operations. Understanding the capabilities and limitations of these aircraft will aid wildfire managers in selecting appropriate RPAS platforms as another "tool in the toolbox" for hotspot detection missions on wildfires.
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Ground-based mechanized direct seeding in British Columbia. Management Guidelines

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53023
Author
Matute, Pamela
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Matute, Pamela
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
50 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Silviculture
Seeding
Seeders
British Columbia
FPI TR
FOP Technical Report
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.33
Language
English
Abstract
The current regeneration challenges posed by salvage logging following large-scale disturbances in western Canada, such as wildfire and mountain pine beetle, warrant the need for cost-effective reforestation strategies. Mechanized ground-based direct seeding was assessed in a variety of conditions to explore viability, determine which factors influence success, and determine the expected establishment rate when seeding with B.C. tree species. This report includes guidelines and recommendations for implementing direct seeding in B.C., based on observations from operational trials established in 2013-2017 across the province.
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Evaluation of log load wrappers made from larger diameter and jacketed synthetic ropes

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53031
Author
Jokai, Rob
Date
September 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Jokai, Rob
Date
September 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Transportation & Infrastructure
Subject
Transport
Logs
Mechanical properties
Polyethylene
Ropes
Safety
FPI TR
FOP Technical Report
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.28
Language
English
Abstract
This study tested ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) ropes for log load securement. Destructive testing of used rope samples done in a previous project found that the strength of these ropes decreased with use. To address this problem, the diameter of the synthetic rope was increased. In addition, a different type of rope with a UHMWPE inner core covered with a polyester protective jacket was tested. The outer jacket protected the inner core from dirt and abrasion which may help mitigate the loss in strength that occurs with use. Wrappers were put into service and tested for breakage after three and six months of use.
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Évaluation de câbles d'arrimage en fibre synthétique gainé de plus grand diamètre

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53032
Author
Jokai, Rob
Date
Septembre 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Jokai, Rob
Date
Septembre 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
13 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Transportation & Infrastructure
Subject
Transport
Logs
Mechanical properties
Polyethylene
Ropes
Safety
FPI TR
FOP Technical Report
Series Number
Technical Report ; RT 2020 n.28
Language
French
Abstract
Cette étude a évalué des câbles en polyéthylène de poids moléculaire ultra élevé (PEPMUE) pour sécuriser des chargements de billes. Des tests destructifs d'échantillons de câbles usagés effectués dans un projet précédent avaient révélé que la résistance de ces câbles diminuait avec l'utilisation. Pour résoudre ce problème, le diamètre du câble synthétique a été augmenté. De plus, un autre type de câble avec une âme intérieure en PEPMUE recouverte d'une gaine de protection en polyester a été testé. La gaine extérieure protégeait le câble intérieur de la saleté et de l'abrasion, ce qui peut aider à atténuer la perte de résistance qui se produit avec l'utilisation. Les câbles ont été mis en service et testés pour la résistance à la rupture après trois et six mois d'utilisation.
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Forest fuel characterization at the Quesnel airport (fuel management treatment unit 14A). Collecting forest stand data as inputs to fuel management tools

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53033
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
MacKinnon, Brandon
Marinescu, Marian
Date
May 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
MacKinnon, Brandon
Marinescu, Marian
Date
May 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
38 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Forestry
Biodiversity
Fuel-load
Wildfire
FPI TR
Costs
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.38
Language
English
Abstract
The City of Quesnel has applied an innovative selective harvesting technique in a mature Douglas-fir forest stand with the objectives of maintaining biodiversity and reducing fuel-load buildup and consequent wildfire threat. FPInnovations researchers monitored and documented the harvesting operations and measured machine productivity to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
To support the assessment of fuel-load reduction, FPInnovations' Wildfire Operations group conducted fuel-sampling activities to produce a pre-harvest forest fuel inventory. The inventory data were converted to formats to be applied in two fuel-management tools: a photo guide of the pre-treatment fuel environment and a dataset that can be input to FuelCalBC
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Analysis of Yukon highways pavement damage caused by permitted overload trucks

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52892
Author
Bradley, Allan
Thiam, Papa-Masseck
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Bradley, Allan
Thiam, Papa-Masseck
Contributor
Highways & Public Works, Yukon
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
43 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Transportation & Infrastructure
Subject
Highway
Pavement
Roads
Trucks
Vehicles weight
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.5
Language
English
Abstract
In publication
Documents
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A 3 in 1 trail system for operating on soft soils

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52894
Author
Thiel, Matthew
Date
February 2020
Material Type
InfoNote
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Thiel, Matthew
Date
February 2020
Material Type
InfoNote
Physical Description
1 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Costs
Forwarders
Harvesting
Skidders
Soil
Soft soil
Series Number
InfoNote; 2020 n.1
Language
English
Abstract
Harvest operations on soft soils can be particularly challenging in order to respect site and soil disturbance guidelines as well as operational requirements. To address the challenges of operating on soft soils, FPInnovations has worked on solutions designed to reduce disturbance on weak soils while minimizing implementation and investment costs by using machines already being used in the operation.
Documents

InfoNote2020N1.PDF

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2372 records – page 1 of 119.