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Tannins extraction from bark for industrial applications, laboratory study

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7929
Author
Gandrieau, Simon
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing
Author
Gandrieau, Simon
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
11 p.
Sector
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Field
Pulp & Paper Manufacturing
Research Area
Thermal Process
Subject
Aboriginal
Bark
Extractives
Biostimulants
Language
English
Abstract
FPInnovations was approached to investigate the extraction of tannin from tree bark in British Columbia (BC). FPInnovations has been working on bark extraction over the last few years and proposed to focus this study on Western Hemlock which showed high tannin content in previous work. The extraction method developed by FPInnovations uses chemicals and elaborate equipment that requires the work to be conducted under strongly controlled conditions, such as a chemical laboratory. This report aimed to find a simpler extraction protocol that could potentially be used by coastal First Nations communities or other parties interested in extracting tannin from bark at a relatively small scale.
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Temperature and moisture insensitive prediction of biomass calorific value from NIR spectra using external parameter orthogonalization

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52660
Author
Hans, Guillaume
Allison, Bruce J.
Date
September 2018
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Hans, Guillaume
Allison, Bruce J.
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service
Date
September 2018
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
27 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Biomass
Optimization
Spectroscopy
Temperature
Moisture content
Series Number
Transformative Technology ; TT 2018
Language
English
Abstract
In the pulp and paper and biofuel industries, real-time online characterization of biomass gross calorific value (GCV) is of critical importance to determine its quality and price and for process optimization. Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy is a relatively low-cost technology that could potentially be used for such an application. However, the NIR spectra are also influenced by biomass temperature (T°) and moisture content (MC). In this paper, external parameter orthogonalization (EPO) is employed to remove simultaneously the influence of T° and MC on the spectra before predicting GCV. EPO is of particular interest when one desires to transfer information from one modeling experiment to another, such as when developing a calibration model for a new property from the same material, or when it would be more efficient to divide the experimental effort. EPO was found to be an effective method for desensitizing a PLS calibration model to the influence of T° and MC, enabling robust and accurate prediction biomass GCV. Partial least squares (PLS) regression models developed with EPO always provided equal or better performance than models developed without EPO. The paper shows that experimental efforts and costs can be reduced by approximately one half while maintaining prediction accuracy and model robustness.
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Extraction and economics of value-added chemicals from bark and forest biomass

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40034
Author
Blanchard, Vincent
Yang, D.-Q.
Barry, A.
Date
March 2015
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Blanchard, Vincent
Yang, D.-Q.
Barry, A.
Date
March 2015
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
22 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Extractives
Bark
Biomass
Series Number
301009286
E-4930
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
PDF
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Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2012
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2012
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
4 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Value added
Residues
Heating
Heat
Boilers
Biomass
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 13, No. 4
Language
English
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
FPJoule is a web-based tool that can be used to evaluate the amount of energy contained in harvest residues according to their origin (species group and part of tree) and moisture content. The tool can also be used to quantify the financial advantages when using biomass as a fuel source compared to conventional fossil fuels. A more comprehensive spreadsheet model is also available to FPInnovations members. The latter version can be modified to match a particular facility, such as boiler efficiency.
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Status of energy use in the Canadian wood products sector = Situation sur la consommation d'énergie dans le secteur canadien des produits du bois

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39302
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC).
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
August 2010
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC).
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
August 2010
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
68 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Saw mills
Power supply
Energy
Plywood manufacture
Plywood
Panels manufacturing
Panels
Series Number
W-2780
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
Canada’s wood products industry has long played an important role in the Canadian economy. It is a diverse industry, producing both commodity and value-added products in every region of the country. This energy use status report focuses on five commodities produced within the broadly defined wood products sector: softwood lumber, softwood plywood, oriented strand board (OSB), particleboard (PB) and medium density fibreboard (MDF). The study, conducted by FPInnovations – Forintek Division, takes a different approach than other Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC) reports. It does not focus solely on gross facility manufacturing energy use, but also puts this energy use in context by relating it to upstream energy required to procure raw material and energy inputs. In addition, the study tracks direct and indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by fuel type and accounts for the carbon sequestered in wood products and thus, presents a carbon balance for each finished product at the plant gate. Using a life-cycle analysis approach, this report documents the cradle-to-gate energy use in the production of the five commodities, so each industry segment can better appreciate how it draws upon and uses materials and energy resources and how it may reduce its energy use in the future.
Chapters include resource extration, forest managemetn, resource transportation, softwood lumber manufacture, softwood plywood manufacture, oriented strand board manufacture, composite panel board manufacture, gross energy and carbon balance summary and energy use reduction potential in wood product manufacturing.
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Situation sur la consommation d'énergie dans le secteur canadien des produits du bois

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39304
Contributor
Canada. Ressources naturelles
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
August 2010
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
Contributor
Canada. Ressources naturelles
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
August 2010
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
68 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Saw mills
Power supply
Energy
Plywood manufacture
Plywood
Panels manufacturing
Panels
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
French
ISBN
9.7811E+12
Abstract
Energy resources
Panels - Manufacture - Power requirements
Plywood - Manufacture - Power requirements
Sawmilling - Power requirements
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Pellet production from sawmill residue : a Saskatchewan perspective

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub37837
Author
Karwandy, Jeremy
Date
March 2007
Material Type
Research report
Author
Karwandy, Jeremy
Contributor
Saskatchewan Forest Centre
Date
March 2007
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
42 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Saw mills
Saskatchewan
Recovery
Series Number
Forest Development Fund Project #2006-29
W-2435
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
This project was designed to assess the viability of producing pellets in Saskatchewan in order to capture some of the rapid market growth and to minimize the issues associated with sawmill by-product utilization.
Sawmilling - Recovery
Sawmilling Industry - Manufacturing Strategies
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Study and application of hemicellulases in the preparation of high-value cellulosic materials

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub38898
Author
Senior, D.J.
Date
March 1990
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Senior, D.J.
Date
March 1990
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Xylanase
Materials
Cellulosic materials
Series Number
E-3561
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
PDF
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Fractionation and conversion of lignins from steam-treated forestry residues to higher value products : interim report

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub5670
Author
Sutcliffe, Roger
Overend, R.P.
Date
March 1990
Edition
38756
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Sutcliffe, Roger
Overend, R.P.
Contributor
Bioenergy Development Program : Alternative Energy Branch Technology Division : Energy, Mines and Resources Canada
Date
March 1990
Edition
38756
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
106 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Treatment
Steam
Residues
Lignin
Series Number
DSS Contract File No: 048SZ.23216-8-9037
E-2500
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
PDF
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Chemistry of steam stabilization

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub1879
Author
Sutcliffe, Roger
Date
March 1990
Edition
38401
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Sutcliffe, Roger
Date
March 1990
Edition
38401
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
29 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Waferboards
Treatment
Steam pretreatment
Steam
Stability
Research
Pretreatment
Series Number
CFS project no.37
E-1202
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
PDF
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Extracellular wood decay enzymes : assessment of the efficiency of commercial cellulases

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub38400
Author
Breuil, Colette
Date
March 1990
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Breuil, Colette
Date
March 1990
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
1 v.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Wood decay
Wood
Series Number
CFS project no.50a
5343405
E-1201
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
Abstract
Wood decay - Enzymes
PDF
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Computer simulation model of an enzymatic biomass conversion process : final report

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub38757
Author
Nguyen, Q.A.
Date
March 1990
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Nguyen, Q.A.
Date
March 1990
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
86 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Simulation
Model
Conversion process
Computer simulation
Enzymatic
Biomass
Series Number
5343B407
E-2501
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
PDF
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Steam pretreatment of wood: progress report

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub38325
Author
Brownell, Henry H.
Date
March 1989
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Brownell, Henry H.
Date
March 1989
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
4 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Steam pretreatment
Steam
Research
Pretreatment
Series Number
CFS project no.40
Project no.5312B402
E-1055
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
PDF
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A technical assessment for the commercial application of bulk purified xylanase

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub38838
Author
Senior, D.J.
Date
March 1988
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Senior, D.J.
Date
March 1988
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
86 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Xylanase
Purification
Series Number
53-66B-714
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
PDF
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Bioconversion of lignocellulosics workshop: supplement

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub2285
Contributor
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
December 1988
Edition
38839
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Contributor
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
December 1988
Edition
38839
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
1 v.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Lignocellulose
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
PDF
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The characterization and utilization of lignin from pretreated lignocellulosic substrates : final report

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub2286
Author
Sutcliffe, Roger
Date
August 1988
Edition
38840
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Sutcliffe, Roger
Date
August 1988
Edition
38840
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
1 v.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Waste utilization
Utilization
Tires
Steam pretreatment
Steam
Solvents
Pretreatment
Lignin
Biomass
Binders
Aspen
Adhesives
Series Number
DSS contract file no. O2SQ.23216-4-6364
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
PDF
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Steam pretreatment of wood in relation to enzymatic hydrolysis

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub38296
Author
Brownell, Henry H.
Date
January 1988
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Brownell, Henry H.
Contributor
National Research Council
Date
January 1988
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
146 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Steam pretreatment
Steam exploded
Steam
Research
Pyrolysis
Pretreatment
Hydrolysis
Series Number
DSS file no 05SR3192645022
Project no.45368707
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
PDF
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Combined enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation of lignocellulosic residues : interim report 1986-87

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub2189
Author
Mes-Hartree, M.
Yu, E.K.C.
Date
June 1987
Edition
38733
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Mes-Hartree, M.
Yu, E.K.C.
Contributor
Canada. Department of Energy, Mines and Resources
Date
June 1987
Edition
38733
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
1 v.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Hydrolysis
Ethanol
Butanediol
Butanol
Aspen
Analysis
Series Number
DSS contract file no. O2SQ.23216-4-6391
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
Abstract
The report focuses on the development of a process for the conversion of aspenwood to ethanol, butanol or butanediol. The conversion process was based on steam pretreatment of aspenwood followed by enzymatic hydrolysis of the cellulose and hemicellulose polymers and subsequent fermentation of the liberated sugars to liquid fuels.
PDF
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The characterization and utilization of lignin from pretreated lignocellulosic substrates : second interim report

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub2190
Author
Sutcliffe, Roger
Date
May 1987
Edition
38734
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Sutcliffe, Roger
Date
May 1987
Edition
38734
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
22 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Waste utilization
Utilization
Tires
Steam pretreatment
Steam
Solvents
Pretreatment
Lignin
Biomass
Binders
Aspen
Adhesives
Series Number
DSS contract file no. O2SQ.23216-4-6364
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
PDF
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Effect of steam treatment on the components of pretreated and posttreated Aspenwood, and characterization of the resulting fractions

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub38211
Author
Schwald, W.
Date
June 1987
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Schwald, W.
Date
June 1987
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
52 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Biomass Conversion
Subject
Steam exploded
Steam
Hydrolysis
Conversion processes
Cellulose
Biomass
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
PDF
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73 records – page 1 of 4.