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Evaluation of remote-start pump systems for use in wildfire/structure protection

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9350
Author
Thomasson, Jim
Date
July 2011
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Thomasson, Jim
Date
July 2011
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
13 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Equipment
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Series Number
Wildfire 9350 2011
Language
English
Abstract
A remote-start system can be used with sprinkler systems to provide structure protection in the event of a wildfire or can be adapted for pump relay applications in wildfire operations. This project aimed to identify and acquire the remote-start technology available for sprinkler systems, and to evaluate its usefulness for wildfire applications.
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Fire behaviour of rwf-015-13 (Nordegg, Alberta): case study

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9349
Author
Mooney, Colleen
Date
April 2014
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Mooney, Colleen
Date
April 2014
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Fuel management
FireSmart
Community protection
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Series Number
Wildfire 9349 2014
Language
English
Abstract
In May 2013, fire RWF-015-13 threatened infrastructure in and around the hamlet of Nordegg, Alberta and forced the evacuation of 100 people. By the time the fire was contained, it had burned approximately 300 ha and came within 2.0 km of Nordegg. The fire started and burned through forest fuel treatments that had been designed to protect the community from advancing crown fires. This case study examines the behaviour of that fire in relation to weather, fuels, and topography. Forest and wildfire operation professionals from the Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development (ESRD) office in Rocky Mountain House, Alberta provided the information contained in this case study. The reader is presumed to have a basic understanding of wildfire behaviour, and the Canadian Fire Behaviour Prediction System and its associated terms.
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Comparative results of ignition probability and fire behaviour among landscaping mulch products

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9348
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Refai, Razim
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
December 2019
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Refai, Razim
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
December 2019
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Series Number
Wildfire 9348 2019
TECHNICAL REPORT - NO. 20 TR2019N20
CONTRACT NUMBER: 16826
Language
English
Abstract
Mulch products are commonly used as landscaping material around residential structures and community parks. FPInnovations compared the ignition probability and fire behaviour of six different landscaping mulch products at the request of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo, which includes the urban service area of Fort McMurray. The results of this study will help communities and home owners make informed decisions regarding the use of landscaping mulch products.
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BC firesmart committee's quick-deploy wui team: data collection framework

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9347
Author
Baxter, Greg
Benson, Michael
Hsieh, Rex
Hvenegaard, Steven
Refai, Razim
MacKinnon, Brandon
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Baxter, Greg
Benson, Michael
Hsieh, Rex
Hvenegaard, Steven
Refai, Razim
MacKinnon, Brandon
Contributor
British Columbia FireSmart
FireSmart BC
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
50 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
FireSmart
Community protection
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Series Number
Wildfire 9347 2022
PROJECT NUMBER: 301013731
Language
English
Abstract
This framework focuses on developing an approach for gathering data intended to improve our understanding of how fire spreads and structures ignite within the Wildland Urban Interface (WUI). The resultant research will intentionally be limited in scope as the framework outlines a research approach that is limited in scope to focus on FireSmart treatments within the SIZ. As such, the resultant research will not include studies into the effectiveness of landscape level fuel management activities, community scale hazard abatement, or the effectiveness of wildland or structural fire control actions. The framework addresses critical components of a research deployment in the WUI. Included are prioritized research questions, supported by a decision tree to aid researchers in identifying specific research priorities that are congruent with the opportunities presented by individual WUI wildfire incidents. Tools, methodologies, equipment, and logistics required to gather the requisite data and answer the research questions are provided within the framework.
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A case study of an excursion from top-piles

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9346
Author
Baxter, Greg
Date
June 2002
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Baxter, Greg
Date
June 2002
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
6 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Fuel management
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Series Number
Wildfire 9346 2002
RWF-002 2002
Language
English
Abstract
RWF-002 initially escaped containment on Wednesday, January 3 2002 due to an increase in windspeeds caused by a chinook event. At least two piles escaped containment and joined together as RWF-002. The first fire remained within the cutblock in 2-3 year old cured fuels and was fought until Sunday, January 6th when another, stronger unpredictable event (chinook winds) occurred near Nordegg,. At this time another pile flared and raced off into a stand of trees. The fire grew from 10 hectares in size to a final size of 20 hectares before it was contained in an area of blowdown along a ridge top. The top-piles in this block were ignited three weeks earlier, during a stretch of seasonal weather and when the ground had 100% snow cover of up to 25 cm in some places. Many piles were ignited at this time to take advantage of the good burning conditions. Just north of this area, between 6000 and 8000 piles were burned during the same time period (with only a few very minor excursions). A warm period followed New Years, and this combined with strong winds evaporated the surface snow and exposed the fuels which were capable of carrying fire. The cutblock containing the piles was directly to the east of a ridge that acts to deflect or bounce the chinook wind and is situated in a location that frequently catches the descending wave at full force. It is in these areas that extreme care must be taken when pile burning at any time during the winter.
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Protecting wildland firefighters from smoke exposure: a review of the literature

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9345
Author
Gibos, Kelsy
Date
July 2005
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Gibos, Kelsy
Date
July 2005
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
8 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Safety
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Series Number
Wildfire 9345 2005
Language
English
Abstract
Wildland firefighters are routinely exposed to dense smoke for extended periods of time. Studies show that exposure to the chemical components of wildland smoke can lead to negative health effects and other symptoms which may compromise worker performance. Most health problems are not long term, and can be managed using proper preventative techniques such as crew rotation through heavy smoke conditions and proper personal protective equipment. However, a solid understanding of the chemical components of wildfire smoke and its effects on the human body assists both workers and supervisors in making educated decisions in emergency situations that can protect employees from dangerous exposure to smoke. Alberta Sustainable Resource Development asked FERIC to review both print and web-based literature and to summarize this information.
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A study of Canadian aerial firefighting delivery system and fire chemical testing and approval process

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9344
Author
Campbell, Roy
Date
February 2011
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Campbell, Roy
Date
February 2011
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
25 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Aerial
Drop testing
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Series Number
Wildfire 9344 2011
Language
English
Abstract
A study was completed at the request of the FPInnovations fire group advisory members, which is comprised of numerous Canadian wildfire management government agencies and private sector companies. This study (a) provides information on current aerial firefighting delivery systems and fire chemicals testing and approval processes in Canada; (b) determines the need and interest in developing a Canadian testing and approval strategy among fire management agencies and industry; (c) provides fire group advisory members with a framework for future discussion and decision making.
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Does the sutter 480 trail dozer have a potential role in wildfire operations?

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9343
Author
Large, Jonathan
Date
November 2011
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Large, Jonathan
Date
November 2011
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
4 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Equipment
Aerial
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Series Number
Wildfire 9343 2011
Location
Hinton, Alberta
Language
English
Abstract
The logging industry in North America has long since made the shift from using manual operators to mechanized equipment, however this trend has been slower on wildfire operations. Although equipment is used on wildfires they often occur in remote, rugged terrain with limited access making it difficult to bring equipment to assist with operations. An increased abundance of medium and heavy lift helicopters coupled with new and existing machines may provide opportunities for mechanized equipment to play an increased operational role. This project aims consider and evaluate potential equipment.
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Determining the moisture content of burned trees with time domain reflectometry

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9342
Author
Ewart, Jim
Date
July 2001
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Ewart, Jim
Date
July 2001
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
8 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Fuel management
Series Number
Wildfire 9342 2001
Language
English
Abstract
Can time domain reflectometry (TDR) be used to determine the moisture content of trees in burned stands
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Temperature profiles above burning piles: a report based on data collected in the Northwest Territories in June 2007

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9341
Date
December 2007
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Date
December 2007
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Corridor
Series Number
Wildfire 9341 2007
Contract Report CR-3660-1
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
The British Columbia Transmission Corporation (BCTC) was interested in determining the maximum pile height that can be burned under its transmission lines. When burning these debris piles the maximum temperatures must not exceed 90oC two metres below the line. BCTC asked FPInnovations to develop a methodology to capture a temperature profile and then collect temperature profiles above burning piles of various heights.
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Evaluating the effectiveness of a fire torch system for community protection prescribed fire operations

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9340
Author
McCulloch, Wally
Date
March 2006
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
McCulloch, Wally
Date
March 2006
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
9 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Equipment
Prescribed burn
Series Number
Wildfire 9340 2006
Language
English
Abstract
Fire-Trol Canada Company, based in Kamloops, BC manufactures and distributes a torch system known as the Buckmaster Terra Torch. It is commonly referred to as the Terra Torch, and uses a Honda volume pump to propel burning gelled fuels up to 15 metres. FERIC researchers (now FPInnovations) evaluated the effectiveness of the Terra Torch for under-burning, igniting logging debris piles, and igniting standing trees to create crown fires.
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Hydration options for forest-fire-fighting personnel

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9339
Author
Thompson, R.
Date
September 2008
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Thompson, R.
Date
September 2008
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
6 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Equipment
Safety
Series Number
Wildfire 9339 2008
Language
English
Abstract
The fluids that forest firefighting personnel prefer to consume are water and drinks containing electrolytes. These fluids are usually brand-name products contained in safety-sealed 500 ml or 1 L plastic bottles. The cost of providing these products is relatively high. Other issues associated with this form of delivery are the logistics and costs of collecting the empty bottles from the fire line or fire camp and transporting them to a disposal site. The Aviation and Forest Fire Management Branch of Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources asked FPInnovations to investigate alternative hygienic means of delivering drinking fluids to forest firefighting personnel, and the associated costs. FPInnovations examined various means of providing potable fluids to fire crews and compared the advantages and disadvantages.
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Testing the University of Alberta's rate-of-spread datalogger

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9338
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Date
July 2008
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Date
July 2008
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
11 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Equipment
Series Number
Wildfire 9338 2008
Language
English
Abstract
Measuring rate of fire spread is an important component of wildfire and prescribed burn operations. Because there is often little time to install instrumentation ahead of a wildfire, rate of spread is frequently measured by observing fire passage through points of known distance. There is time to install instrumentation when conducting prescribed burns, but current dataloggers have limited operating time and need to be reset if the burn is delayed or postponed. To overcome the limitations of existing instruments, Alberta Sustainable Resource Development and FPInnovations Wildfire Research Group asked the Mechanical Engineering Department at the University of Alberta to develop a new temperature datalogger. Researchers then tested these new dataloggers three experimental fires at the NWT Research Site.
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Comparing understory burning and mechanical site preparation to regenerate lodgepole pine stands

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9337
Author
Baxter, Greg
Date
May 2012
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Baxter, Greg
Date
May 2012
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
13 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Fuel management
Series Number
Wildfire 9337 2012
Language
English
Abstract
As the mountain pine beetle continues to kill large stands of Lodgepole pine in Alberta, there is increased concern regarding the regeneration of these forests, particularly in areas where there is no salvage logging and scarification. Serotinous cones can remain in the crown and not open for several years following a MPB attack and feathermoss layers are considered unsuitable seedbeds for pine. In this project, University of Alberta researchers plan to examine the use of surface fire to stimulate regeneration after stand mortality due to MPB in north-central Alberta and compare it to mechanical site preparation. FPInnovations´ role in this study is only to provide support for fire behaviour data collection.
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Water delivery systems and tools 'viper pump' patented flow enhancer prototype exploratory research

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9336
Author
Large, Jonathan
Date
November 2010
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Large, Jonathan
Date
November 2010
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
6 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Series Number
Wildfire 9336 2010
Language
English
Abstract
FPInnovations was asked to evaluate a prototype of the Viper Pump Flow Enhancer to determine its usefulness for water delievery applications during wildfire operations.
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Considerations for mitigating windthrow due to forest fuel treatments

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9335
Author
Schroeder, Dave
Date
March 2006
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Schroeder, Dave
Date
March 2006
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
6 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Fuel management
Series Number
Wildfire 9335 2006
Language
English
Abstract
Fuel management treatments frequently include partial harvesting and the removal of surface fuels. However, residual trees may be prone to windthrow and could create undesirable surface fuels within the treatment area. Aesthetics and safety are also a concern since most treatments are done around communities within or near areas of high visibility and recreational use. Techniques to reduce windthrow can be employed at the planning and treatment stages, and can provide obvious benefits in addition to reducing ongoing fuel maintenance costs within the treatment area. This project looked at techniques to reduce windthrow loss when a mature overstory is treated with partial harvesting and removal of surface/ladder fuels. The objectives of this document are to:
Provide a brief overview of factors that influence windthrow as a result of fuel management.
Provide suggestions on treatment design to reduce wind damage.
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An exploration of internal decision support tools used in forest operations

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9334
Author
Refai, Razim
Date
March 2021
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Contributor
Alberta. Agriculture and Forestry
Date
March 2021
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Fuel treatment
Computer software
Operations
Harvesting systems
Simulation
Computer simulation
Series Number
Wildfire 9334 2021
PROJECT NUMBER: 301012718
Language
English
Abstract
FPInnovations Forestry group has developed a variety of computer-based systems or tools to aid forestry practitioners with decision making in harvest operations. These information systems, aptly called Decision Support Systems (DSS), allow the simulation of operational decisions using software applications. With these simulations, the outcomes of operational decisions can be promptly forecasted. DSSs thus allow users to compare the feasibility and economic value of different potential operational decisions.
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Minutes of the 2005 WFORG fall advisory meeting

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9300
Author
FPInnovations
Wildfire Operations Research
Date
October 2005
Material Type
Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
FPInnovations
Wildfire Operations Research
Date
October 2005
Material Type
Report
Physical Description
9 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Series Number
Wildfire 9300 2005
Language
English
Abstract
Minutes for WFORG Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes, October 6, 2005
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Minutes of Spring WFORG advisory committee meeting

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9299
Author
FPInnovations
Wildfire Operations Research
Date
March 2006
Material Type
Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
FPInnovations
Wildfire Operations Research
Date
March 2006
Material Type
Report
Physical Description
6 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Series Number
Wildfire 9299 2006
Language
English
Abstract
Minutes for WFORG Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes, Edmonton, Alberta Research Council Edmonton, March 21, 2006
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Minutes ACFIRE fall 2006 committee meeting

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9298
Author
FPInnovations
Wildfire Operations Research
Date
September 2007
Material Type
Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
FPInnovations
Wildfire Operations Research
Date
September 2007
Material Type
Report
Physical Description
10 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Series Number
Wildfire 9298 2007
Language
English
Abstract
Minutes for ACFIRE Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes, Edmonton, Alberta Research Council Edmonton, September 26, 2007
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82 records – page 1 of 5.