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23 records – page 1 of 3.

Author
Baxter, Greg
Date
October 2012
Material Type
Presentation
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Baxter, Greg
Date
October 2012
Material Type
Presentation
Physical Description
14 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Mulch
Series Number
Wildfire 9186 2012
Language
English
Abstract
Presentation showing fire behaviour in known fuel loads, fire behaviour under high-end fire weather conditions, and to provide fire behaviour information for known debris loads to fire managers.
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Determining the effectiveness of water enhancing gel as a fire-control agent

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9189
Author
Ault, Ray
Date
October 2012
Material Type
Presentation
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Ault, Ray
Date
October 2012
Material Type
Presentation
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Helicopters
Mulch
Series Number
Wildfire 9189 2012
Language
English
Abstract
Objectives of this study were to stop of slow the advance of a wildfire, reduce fire intensity to enable firefighters to get in close and extinguish the fire, and prevent hotspot development or re-ignition. The case study approach was used to document gel performance in this objectives.
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Drop patterns for the Bambi-Max bucket and the Bell 212 helitanker

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9187
Author
Mooney, Colleen
Date
October 2012
Material Type
Presentation
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Mooney, Colleen
Date
October 2012
Material Type
Presentation
Physical Description
24 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Mulch
Series Number
Wildfire 9187 2012
Language
English
Abstract
Presentation showing fire behaviour in known fuel loads, fire behaviour under high-end fire weather conditions, and to provide fire behaviour information for known debris loads to fire managers.
Documents
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Drop patterns for the Bambi-Max bucket and the Bell 212 helitanker

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9331
Author
Mooney, Colleen
Ault, Ray
Thomasson, Jim
Date
August 2012
Material Type
Research Report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Mooney, Colleen
Ault, Ray
Thomasson, Jim
Date
August 2012
Material Type
Research Report
Physical Description
24 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Mulch
Series Number
Wildfire 9331 2012
Language
English
Abstract
Report showing fire behaviour in known fuel loads, fire behaviour under high-end fire weather conditions, and to provide fire behaviour information for known debris loads to fire managers.
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Effectiveness of retardant on mulch fuels: a case study at Pelican Mountain, 2018

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub19843
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Contributor
Canadian Forest Services (CFS)
Natural Resources Canada (NRC)
Alberta Agriculture and Forestry (AAF)
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
27 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Fire retardant
Fuel treatment
Mulching
Wildfires
Mulch
FPI TR
Retardant
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.7
Wildfire Group
Language
English
Abstract
Mulching is a common method of fuel treatment. However, it is not currently listed by the U.S. Forest Service as a fuel type in its recommendations for fire retardant coverage levels. FPInnovations researchers set up plots with different coverage levels of retardant on a mulch fuel bed and collected fire behaviour data when a fire interacted with these plots. The results are intended to help wildfire agencies understand the effectiveness of retardant on mulch fuels in developing better suppression plans.
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Evaluating a selective harvest operation as a forest fuel treatment as a forest fuel treatment. A case study in a mature douglas-fir forest in central interior British Columbia

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53038
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
MacKinnon, Brandon
Date
September 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
MacKinnon, Brandon
Contributor
City of Quesnel
Date
September 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
18 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Wildfires
Forestry
Fuel
Black spruce
Alberta
Density
Physical properties
Mulch
Forest fire
Crown fire
Wind
FPI TR
FOP Technical Report
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.34
Location
Quesnel, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
The City of Quesnel, B.C. has applied an innovative selective harvesting technique in a mature Douglas-fir forest stand with the objectives of maintaining biodiversity and reducing fuel-load buildup and consequent wildfire threat. FPInnovations researchers monitored and documented the harvesting operations and measured machine productivity to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the operation. To support the assessment of fuel-load reduction, FPInnovations’ Wildfire Operations group conducted pre- and post-harvest fuel-sampling activities to evaluate changes in forest fuel components.
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Exploring the capabilities of helicopter tracking systems

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub9188
Author
Thomasson, Jim
Date
October 2012
Material Type
Presentation
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Thomasson, Jim
Date
October 2012
Material Type
Presentation
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Alberta
Fire protection
Wildfires
Helicopters
Mulch
Series Number
WF 9188 2012
Language
English
Abstract
Tests were performed June 11-13th at Salmon Arm. We tested (1) Latitude Technologies, IONode100-004 with a Blackcomb Aviation, Bell 205++ and a Bambi-Max bucket and (2) Absolute Tracking Solutions FASTTrac with a Bell 212 helitank from Wildcat Helicopters and a Bambi-Max bucket. We used a differential survey grade GPS for ground points, a digital flow meter for water volume. Tracking system outputs for airborne points include volume dropped, drop start, drop end (Latitude only). We did 18 drops.
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Fire behaviour in black spruce forest fuels following mulch fuel treatments: a case study at Red Earth Creek, Alberta

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub6093
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Schroeder, Dave
Thompson, Dan
Date
October 2016
Edition
44254
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Schroeder, Dave
Thompson, Dan
Date
October 2016
Edition
44254
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
30 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Wildfires
Forestry
Fuel
Black spruce
Alberta
Density
Physical properties
Mulch
Forest fire
Crown fire
Wind
FOP Technical Report
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2016 n.42
Language
English
Abstract
Forest fuels engineering is one of the primary wildfire mitigation strategies advocated by FireSmart™ Canada and applied by partnering wildfire management agencies and industry operators. Fuel treatments have been extensively applied in and around communities in the wildland-urban interface, through a broad range of fuel modification techniques. A primary objective of fuel treatments is to modify fire behaviour to a ‘less difficult, disruptive, and destructive’ state (Reinhardt et al. 2008) which can allow for safer, more effective fire suppression operations (Moghaddas and Craggs 2007). Black spruce is one of the most prevalent fuel types surrounding communities in central and northern Alberta, as well as other parts of boreal Canada. The densely stocked black spruce forest stands in the Red Earth Creek FireSmart research area exhibit typical crown fuel properties of black spruce: high crown bulk density and low crown base height, which contribute to crown fire initiation (Van Wagner 1977). These fuel characteristics, combined with low fuel moisture contents and strong winds, create ideal conditions for high-intensity, rapidly-spreading catastrophic wildfire (Flat Top Complex Wildfire Review Committee 2012). Mulch fuel treatments use various types of equipment to masticate forest vegetation resulting in a reduction in crown bulk density and the conversion of canopy and ladder fuels to a more compacted and less available fuel source in the surface layer (Battaglia et al. 2010). Mulch thinning and strip mulch treatments create a more open surface fuel environment with both negative and positive impacts. Due to increased exposure to sun and wind flow, the chipped debris and other surface fuels in the open areas of the treatments dry more quickly than fine fuels in enclosed stands (Schiks and Wotton 2015). From a control perspective, the open thinned areas of the treatments allow more effective penetration of water/suppressant through canopy fuels to surface fuels (Hsieh in progress). Additionally, fine fuels at the surface of openings respond more quickly to water and suppressant application. Open areas of the treatments that have been wetted by sprinkler systems or aerial water delivery should reduce the potential for ignition and sustained burning, providing a potential barrier to fire spread. Experimental crown fires have been conducted to challenge fuels treatments in other forest fuel types (Schroeder 2010, Mooney 2013) to evaluate the efficacy of these treatments in moderating fire behaviour. Mechanical (shearblading) fuel treatments in black spruce fuels (Butler et al. 2013) have been shown to reduce fire intensity. However, documentation of crown fire challenging mulch fuel treatments in black spruce fuels is limited. Fire and fuels managers would like to evaluate the effectiveness of mulch fuel treatments in reducing fire intensity and rate of spread and, ultimately, their ability to mitigate wildfire risk to communities surrounding these hazardous fuels. Alberta Agriculture and Forestry (AAF) Wildfire Management Branch fuels managers designed the Red Earth Creek FireSmart research area with the objective of conducting research that will lead to a better understanding of mulch fuel treatments and how these changes in the black spruce fuel environment affect fire behaviour. On May 14, 2015, Slave Lake Forest Area personnel conducted an experimental fire at this site; FPInnovations and research partners collected data to document changes in fire behaviour.
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Fire behaviour in jack pine / black spruce forest fuels following mulch fuel treatments: a case study at the Canadian Boreal Community FireSmart project

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub49370
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
March 2017
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
March 2017
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
26 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Wildfires
Forestry
Fuel
Black spruce
Density
Physical properties
Mulch
Forest fire
FOP Technical Report
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2017 n.24
Language
English
Abstract
Forest fuels engineering is one of the primary wildfire mitigation strategies advocated by FireSmart™ Canada (Partners in Protection, 2003) and applied by partnering wildfire management agencies and industry operators. Over the past two decades, mechanical forest fuel treatments (including mulching) have been extensively applied in and around communities in the wildland-urban interface to mitigate the risk of wildfire. Fuel managers and fire operations managers would like to better understand how manual and mechanical fuel treatments modify fire behaviour. Fuel treatment efficacy has been evaluated through post-wildfire case studies (Mooney, 2014; Pritchard et al., 2011), fire behaviour modelling (Fernandes, 2009; Stephens et al., 2009) and subjective expert opinion based approaches (Hayes et al., 2008). The use of experimental fire to evaluate the effectiveness of fuel treatments is limited.
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Fire behaviour in jack pine/ black spruce fuels following mulch fuel treatments: a case study at the CBCFS project

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40235
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
November 2016
Material Type
research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
November 2016
Material Type
research report
Physical Description
1 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Fire
Crown fire
Mulch
Treatment
Series Number
FO InfoNote ; 2016 n.23
Language
English
Abstract
The Canadian Boreal Community FireSmart project has been the site of several research projects designed to evaluate the efficacy of fuel treatments in mitigating wildfire. In June 2016, FPInnovations conducted an experimental crown fire which challenged a mulch fuel treatment.
Documents

InfoNote2016N23.PDF

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23 records – page 1 of 3.