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76 records – page 1 of 8.

About EPDS [environmental product declarations]

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3195
Author
Mahalle, Lal
Date
October 2013
Edition
39855
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Mahalle, Lal
Date
October 2013
Edition
39855
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
2 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Advanced Wood Materials
Subject
Environment
Manufacturing
Series Number
W-3107
Language
English
Abstract
Environmental product declarations (EPDs) are a standardized way for manufacturers to report quantified environmental impacts of their products. EPDs are developed in line with well-established guidelines from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) to ensure rigorous and transparent procedures are followed.
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Automated log pocket monitoring system for OSB mills

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3063
Author
Groves, C. Kevin
Date
April 2013
Edition
39712
Material Type
Research report
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
Author
Groves, C. Kevin
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service.
Date
April 2013
Edition
39712
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
14 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
Research Area
Advanced Wood Manufacturing
Subject
Test methods
Strandboards
Oriented strandboard
Orientation
Series Number
W-3008
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
A prototype scanning system successfully demonstrated the capability of real-time, log pocket monitoring that can be used to alert operators of improper pocket filling practice. Several previous FPInnovations studies have shown that the log pocket filling is often poorly controlled resulting in poor log alignment and/or incomplete filling that adversely affects both flake quality and strander productivity. Until now there have been no systems available to automatically measure the alignment of logs being fed into the strander or measurement of the actual filling of the strander pockets. An automated monitoring system is needed to signal operators when the log pocket is improperly loaded. This feedback can allow operators to maintain proper log filling procedure to maximize flaking quality. In March 2013 a machine vision scanning system comprised of a camera, 2 line lasers and computer with image analysis software, was tested for two days at the Peace Valley OSB mill (PVOSB) in Fort Saint John, BC. The scanner’s camera and lasers were mounted 13 feet above the center of the log pocket base. Images of pocket filling were acquired and analyzed for pass/fail conditions. Two image groups were selected for analysis, one of full pocket, aligned logs (pass) and the other containing misaligned logs and/or insufficient pocket fill (fail). For all pocket scans, scanner measurements were compared to manual visual classification. Approximately 50 different pockets were scanned with results and images saved for analysis. For fill height and vertical log alignment measurement, the scanner correctly identified >95% of all the pockets examined. However, log alignment measurement in the horizontal x-y plane did not function as intended due to poor image contrast that could not be resolved during the mill trial. This technique has been shown to work well in previous pilot plant tests (Groves, 2012) which confirms that the underlying measurement fundamentals are sound. It is recommended that only minor lighting adjustments are required for the scanning system to work well in a mill setting. Implementing this technology in OSB mills should help to reduce the occurrence of poor pocket filling that can adversely affect strand quality. It should be noted that even small improvements to strand quality and productivity can yield significant cost benefits. It is estimated that reducing fines by a modest 1% and improving productivity by 1% can return in excess of $1 million/year based on an average size Canadian OSB mill.
Oriented strandboard - Manufacture
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Automated plywood edge grading system

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3066
Author
Groves, C. Kevin
Date
April 2013
Edition
39715
Material Type
Research report
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
Author
Groves, C. Kevin
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service.
Date
April 2013
Edition
39715
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
17 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
Research Area
Advanced Wood Manufacturing
Subject
Test methods
Plywood
Grading
Series Number
W-3009
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
In plywood mills finished panels are manually graded and sorted based on specific defects. The panel edges are especially difficult to grade by human visual inspection due to the small nature of different defects, especially at higher line speeds. This can result in misread errors that can be costly. In this project a prototype scanner, based on 3D laser profilometry, was developed by FPInnovations and demonstrated in two Canadian plywood mills for automatic edge grading. At both mills, panels were scanned on the production line in real time, collecting full length, 3-dimensional edge profiles in the x, y and z coordinate fields that were then analyzed by computer software sub-routines to identify defects for each panel. The data was processed to categorize groups of data points, depending on the edge profile depth (z-axis) variation, length (x-axis) and height (y-axis) into the specific defect categories of core, top and bottom edge void, core gap and core overlap, based on the values of predetermined edge profile thresholds. Results from the two mill tests showed that the scanner was effective with a correct identification rate greater than 80%. The lack of panel hold-downs at each mill resulted in extreme height variation of the panel edges and this limited the defect detection accuracy. Based on the tests, the technology for automated edge grading is feasible. Longer term mill evaluations are recommended with adequate panel hold-downs in place before confirming that this technology is ready for commercialization.
Plywood - Grading
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Bilan de la personnalisation de masse de l'industrie canadienne de meubles

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3070
Author
Drouin, M.
Date
March 2013
Edition
39719
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Drouin, M.
Contributor
Canadian Forest Service.
Date
March 2013
Edition
39719
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
33 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Advanced Wood Materials
Subject
Test methods
Furniture
Canada
Series Number
301006974
E-4812
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
French
Abstract
Cette étude avait pour objectif de faire le bilan de l’utilisation de la personnalisation de masse au sein de l’industrie manufacturière canadienne de meubles en bois. Nous avons mesuré l’importance de cette stratégie pour l’industrie du meuble et les niveaux de personnalisation proposés par les manufacturiers. Cette étude a également été l’occasion de sonder quelques détaillants de meubles pour connaître l’impact de la personnalisation de masse sur la vente au détail. Les analyses réalisées témoignent de l’importance de la personnalisation de masse comme stratégie commerciale pour les manufacturiers de meubles canadiens dans leur offre de produits. L’évaluation des sites internet de cent (100) manufacturiers de meubles permet constater qu’une faible proportion de manufacturiers n’offre aucune option de personnalisation aux consommateurs. La majorité des manufacturiers s’est lancée à différents niveaux, soit dans une stratégie de variétisation, d’accessorisation, de configuration ou de production sur mesure. La variétisation est le niveau de personnalisation le plus rencontré, à la fois pour les segments du mobilier en bois et du mobilier rembourré. Cette variétisation s’exprime le plus couramment par un choix de couleurs dans le segment du meuble en bois, alors qu’elle s’exprime le plus couramment par un choix de cuirs et de tissus dans le segment du meuble rembourré. Les entrevues réalisées auprès de détaillants de meubles ont permis d’établir que de façon générale, ces commerçants considèrent positivement la personnalisation de masse. Aux dires de ces détaillants, l’acquisition d’un meuble personnalisé est très appréciée par la majorité des consommateurs. Les détaillants rencontrés considèrent que les avantages liés à l’achat d’un meuble personnalisé aux besoins et goûts des consommateurs compensent amplement pour les quelques inconvénients encourus tels le temps de vente et de livraison un peu plus longs. Toutefois, il semble que la personnalisation de masse, telle que présentée actuellement par les manufacturiers, convienne davantage aux petits détaillants qu’aux magasins de détail de grandes superficies qui doivent gérer un plus grand nombre de manufacturiers, donc de stratégies de personnalisation diversifiées.
Furniture industry - Canada
Furniture - Manufacture
Abstract
Les entrevues réalisées auprès de détaillants de meubles ont permis d’établir que de façon générale, ces commerçants considèrent positivement la personnalisation de masse. Aux dires de ces détaillants, l’acquisition d’un meuble personnalisé est très appréciée par la majorité des consommateurs. Les détaillants rencontrés considèrent que les avantages liés à l’achat d’un meuble personnalisé aux besoins et goûts des consommateurs compensent amplement pour les quelques inconvénients encourus tels le temps de vente et de livraison un peu plus longs. Toutefois, il semble que la personnalisation de masse, telle que présentée actuellement par les manufacturiers, convienne davantage aux petits détaillants qu’aux magasins de détail de grandes superficies qui doivent gérer un plus grand nombre de manufacturiers, donc de stratégies de personnalisation diversifiées.
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Biological modification of biomass & lignosulfonate for bio-composite application

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3100
Author
Yang, D.-Q.
Date
November 2013
Edition
39757
Material Type
Research report
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
Author
Yang, D.-Q.
Contributor
Canadian Forest Service.
Date
November 2013
Edition
39757
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
7 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
Research Area
Advanced Wood Manufacturing
Subject
Lignosulfonates
Biomass
Wood composites
Series Number
301006260
E-4857
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
Hardwood flour was biologically converted with 3 fungal species, and ammonium lignosulfonate was biologically modified with 3 enzyme cocktails. Ten types of panels were made of bio-modified or unmodified wood flour and ammonium lignosulfonate. All panels were manufactured at target density (850 kg/m3), temperature (220°C), pressure (300 psi) and pressing time (220 sec) without any resin and additives. Among all formulations, the biomaterials, consisted of bio-modified hardwood flour by the fungal specie 332A, or bio-modified ammonium lignosulfonate by enzymes extracted from 76A and 329A, were most effective and showed significantly higher internal bonding (IB) strengths. Further investigation of the bio-modification of the kraft lignin for bio-composites is conducted in 2013-2014 financial year (ongoing) and will be reported in 2013-2014.
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British Columbia forest products trend analysis in export markets 2012 : Volume 1 : Global market overview and BC exports

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3152
Author
Poon, James
Date
September 2013
Edition
39810
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Poon, James
Contributor
Forestry Innovation Investment
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service.
Date
September 2013
Edition
39810
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
25 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Market Analysis
Subject
Markets
British Columbia
Series Number
W-3073
Language
English
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British Columbia forest products trend analysis in export markets 2012 : Volume 2 : Export market summaries

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3153
Author
Poon, James
Date
September 2013
Edition
39811
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Poon, James
Contributor
Forestry Innovation Investment
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service
Date
September 2013
Edition
39811
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
63 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Market Analysis
Subject
Markets
Series Number
W-3074
Language
English
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Business-to-business carbon sequestration tool

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8139
Author
FPInnovations
Date
2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Environment
Author
FPInnovations
Date
2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
1 v.
Sector
Forest Operations
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Wood Products
Field
Environment
Research Area
Environment
Subject
Biomaterials
Bioproducts
Building construction
Building materials
Cellulose
Construction materials
Design
Fuels
Gypsum
Nanocrystalline cellulose NCC
Panels
Paper products
Quality control
Standards
Wood construction
Language
English
Abstract
This calculator is intended as a companion to the Product Category Rules for North American Structural and Architectural Wood Prodcuts. It serves to simplify and standardize the approach to biogenic carbon accounting when developing EPDs according to that PCR. This tool comes in two versions: one for use with cradle-to-grave LCA data (the B2C tool) and one for use with cradle-to-gate LCA data (the B2B tool)
Documents

8139.xlsx

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Business-to-consumer carbon sequestration tool

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8140
Author
FPInnovations
Date
2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Environment
Author
FPInnovations
Date
2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
1 v.
Sector
Forest Operations
Pulp Paper and Bioproducts
Wood Products
Field
Environment
Research Area
Environment
Subject
Biomaterials
Bioproducts
Building construction
Building materials
Cellulose
Construction materials
Design
Fuels
Gypsum
Nanocrystalline cellulose NCC
Panels
Paper products
Quality control
Standards
Wood construction
Language
English
Abstract
This calculator is intended as a companion to the Product Category Rules for North American Structural and Architectural Wood Prodcuts. It serves to simplify and standardize the approach to biogenic carbon accounting when developing EPDs according to that PCR. This tool comes in two versions: one for use with cradle-to-grave LCA data (the B2C tool) and one for use with cradle-to-gate LCA data (the B2B tool)
Documents

8140.xlsx

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Carbon sequestration tool: Background and user guide: FPInnovations

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3196
Date
January 2013
Edition
39856
Material Type
guide
Research report
Field
Environment
Date
January 2013
Edition
39856
Material Type
guide
Research report
Physical Description
11 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Environment
Research Area
Environment
Subject
Environment
Series Number
W-3108
Language
English
Abstract
FPInnovations commissioned the Athena Institute to develop a biogenic carbon calculation tool for use in Environmental Product Declarations, EPD’s, developed under their Product Category Rules, PCR, for North American wood products. Athena has developed two such tools to supplement two types of LCA studies. Cradle-to-gate: Cradle-to-gate LCA refers to those that begin in the forest “cradle” and end with the packaged product at the manufacturing “gate”. Business-to-business, B2B, EPD’s are developed form cradle-to-gate LCAs. Cradle-to-grave: Cradle-to-grave LCA includes the cradle-to-gate processes as well as the transportation to user, end-use, and end-of-life treatment or “grave”. Business to Consumer, B2C, EPD’s are developed from cradle-to-grave LCAs.
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76 records – page 1 of 8.