Forest companies across Canada are interested in using laser scanners for scaling logs because it has potential for reducing scaling costs. Scanning logs over bark requires a method to obtain the under-bark diameter in order to calculate the solid wood volume. This report evaluates the methods of applying a bark factor to determine under-bark diameter. It also identifies new scanner scaling technologies for measuring bark thickness.
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the tractive requirements of different configurations of log-hauling trucks and to recommend devices that will improve their tractive ability. Drawbar pull tests were conducted to determine the relative gradeabilities of a tandem drive-axle tractor configured with a pole, triaxle, and quadaxle trailer. The triaxle and quadaxle configurations require, respectively, 19 and 34% increases in tractive ability of they are to have gradeabilities equal to that of the pole-trailer configuration. Central tire inflation (CTI) and automatic slip regulation (ASR) are two promising devices for achieving such improvements.
This study addressed biomass availability, harvesting, transportation, and chipping costs for the production of bioenergy in the Teslin region of Yukon. It revealed that significant volumes of standing timber below 20 cm in diameter at breast height (DBH) exist that could be utilized for bioenergy. These volumes, however, would sustain only small electricity generation capacities; however, a more efficient solution would be to utilize the biomass in district heating applications. The study also estimated harvesting, transportation, and chipping costs of low- and high-mechanized systems. These costs will have to be further validated and incorporated into an investment calculator to assess the feasibility of future bioenergy projects in Teslin.
Attracting, retaining and training labor is a challenge for forest operations in North America. FPInnovations attended the Pacific Logging Congress (PLC) in November 2015 where one of the technical sessions focused on attracting and retaining people to the industry, in particular to contractor operations. The majority of the strategies presented in this Info-Note were suggested by logging contractors presenting at the PLC. A few others gleaned from other sources were added as well.
Attirer, retenir et former la main-d’œuvre représentent des défis pour les opérations forestières d’Amérique du Nord. FPInnovations a assisté au Pacific Logging Congress (PLC) en novembre 2015, dont l’une des sessions portait sur les meilleures pratiques pour attirer et retenir les employés dans l’industrie, en particulier pour les entrepreneurs. La majorité des stratégies présentées ici ont été adoptées par les entrepreneurs forestiers qui faisaient une présentation au PLC. Nous en avons ajouté quelques autres obtenues d’ailleurs.