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58 records – page 1 of 6.

Accounting for bark when scanner scaling: methods and technologies

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3385
Author
Dyson, Peter
Date
October 2015
Edition
40056
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Dyson, Peter
Date
October 2015
Edition
40056
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
11 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Bark
Scaling
Scanning
Thickness
FOP Technical Report
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2015 n.37
Language
English
Abstract
Forest companies across Canada are interested in using laser scanners for scaling logs because it has potential for reducing scaling costs. Scanning logs over bark requires a method to obtain the under-bark diameter in order to calculate the solid wood volume. This report evaluates the methods of applying a bark factor to determine under-bark diameter. It also identifies new scanner scaling technologies for measuring bark thickness.
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Biomass availability and cost analysis for the Teslin region

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3414
Author
Westermann, Thomas
Marinescu, Marian
Davis, Shayne
Date
September 2015
Edition
40088
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Westermann, Thomas
Marinescu, Marian
Davis, Shayne
Date
September 2015
Edition
40088
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
22 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Biomass
Bioenergy
Harvesting
Transport
FOP Technical Report
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2015 n.38
Language
English
Abstract
This study addressed biomass availability, harvesting, transportation, and chipping costs for the production of bioenergy in the Teslin region of Yukon. It revealed that significant volumes of standing timber below 20 cm in diameter at breast height (DBH) exist that could be utilized for bioenergy. These volumes, however, would sustain only small electricity generation capacities; however, a more efficient solution would be to utilize the biomass in district heating applications. The study also estimated harvesting, transportation, and chipping costs of low- and high-mechanized systems. These costs will have to be further validated and incorporated into an investment calculator to assess the feasibility of future bioenergy projects in Teslin.
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Bonnes pratiques pour attirer et retenir le personnel des Opérations forestières

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3400
Author
Gingras, Jean-François
Date
December 2015
Edition
40071
Material Type
research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Gingras, Jean-François
Date
December 2015
Edition
40071
Material Type
research report
Physical Description
2 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Forestry
Work study
Series Number
InfoNote ; 2015 n.7
Language
French
Abstract
Attracting, retaining and training labor is a challenge for forest operations in North America. FPInnovations attended the Pacific Logging Congress (PLC) in November 2015 where one of the technical sessions focused on attracting and retaining people to the industry, in particular to contractor operations. The majority of the strategies presented in this Info-Note were suggested by logging contractors presenting at the PLC. A few others gleaned from other sources were added as well.
Abstract
Attirer, retenir et former la main-d’œuvre représentent des défis pour les opérations forestières d’Amérique du Nord. FPInnovations a assisté au Pacific Logging Congress (PLC) en novembre 2015, dont l’une des sessions portait sur les meilleures pratiques pour attirer et retenir les employés dans l’industrie, en particulier pour les entrepreneurs. La majorité des stratégies présentées ici ont été adoptées par les entrepreneurs forestiers qui faisaient une présentation au PLC. Nous en avons ajouté quelques autres obtenues d’ailleurs.
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InfoNote2015N7FR.PDF

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Caulk boot versus non-caulk hiking boot: a test of traction on forest ground surfaces

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3388
Author
Nishio, Grant
Date
October 2015
Edition
40059
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Nishio, Grant
Date
October 2015
Edition
40059
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Safety
Steep slopes
Site preparation
Silviculture
Tree planters
Injuries
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2015 n.27
Language
English
Abstract
There is uncertainty regarding the effectiveness of using caulk boots vs. non-caulk hiking boots in silviculture work in the interior of British Columbia. WorkSafeBC regulation 8.23, states “caulked or other equally effective footwear must be worn by workers who are required to walk on logs, poles, pilings or other round timbers”, but does not specifically require caulk boots to be worn on steep slopes. Caulk boots are used almost exclusively by silviculture workers in coastal B.C. but are not commonly used in interior B.C. even though there are many situations where they may provide superior traction. Instead, workers in interior B.C. have a preference for non-caulk hiking boots. Workers will often select their boots based on personal preference rather than on information about the boot’s traction performance. Additional information regarding the differences in the traction of caulk boots and non-caulk hiking boots on various forest ground surfaces would help most workers make better-informed choices. Understanding the differences in traction is one of the most important factors when selecting a work boot in any situation and is especially true in the hazardous ground conditions of forest workers. For this reason, FPInnovations constructed a testing apparatus designed to measure and compare the static coefficient of friction of caulk boots and non-caulk hiking boots on four common types of ground cover surfaces in B.C. forests.
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Changement climatique et productivité forestière: une forêt de questions

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8328
Author
Mercier, Guyta
Bernier, Pierre
Date
2015
Material Type
Technical note
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Mercier, Guyta
Bernier, Pierre
Date
2015
Material Type
Technical note
Physical Description
2 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Growth
Climate
Fertilizers
Croissance des arbres
Productivité flux de carbone
Réchauffement
Zones climatiques
Fertilisant
Azote
Sécheresse
Feux de forêts
Maladie et insectes
Series Number
OT 218
Language
French
Abstract
Canadian Forest Service researchers are working to estimate forest productivity at different spatial scales. Variations in productivity are best appreciated at the tree and stand level in productivity.
Abstract
Les chercheurs du Service canadien des forêts travaillent à estimer la productivité forestière à différentes échelles spatiales. C’est à l’échelle de l’arbre et du peuplement que s’apprécient le mieux les variations dans la productivité.
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Comparaison de la productivité de l’abattage mécanisé en coupe totale et en coupe jardinatoire des forêts feuillues et mixtes

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub36836
Author
Girard, Patrick
Date
July 2009
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Girard, Patrick
Date
July 2009
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
8 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Regeneration
Feller
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 11, No. 8
Language
French
Abstract
Abatteuse-groupeuse
Abattage
Coupe totale
Coupe partielle
Peuplements feuillus
Peuplements mélangés
Coupe jardinatoire
Coupe de régénération
Abstract
Le présent rapport fait la synthèse des travaux qui ont été réalisés à la demande du ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune du Québec (MRNFQ) dans le cadre d’une mise à jour de leurs modèles économiques en forêt feuillue. L’étude visait à comparer la productivité de l’abattage mécanisé dans une coupe jardinatoire (CJ) avec la productivité des mêmes équipements et des mêmes opérateurs selon des modalités de coupe de régénération (CR). Les travaux ont permis de générer deux régressions illustrant la productivité de l’abattage mécanisé en fonction du volume moyen par tige pour chaque type de coupe en forêt feuillue et mixte.
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A comparison of the productivity of mechanized clearcutting and selection cuts of hardwood and mixed forests

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40915
Author
Girard, Patrick
Date
July 2009
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Girard, Patrick
Date
July 2009
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
8 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Stands
Selection
Regeneration
Partial cutting
Hardwoods
Hardwood iniative
Iniative feuillis
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 11, No. 8
Language
English
Abstract
This report summarizes work that was performed at the request of Quebec’s Ministère des Ressources Naturelles et de la Faune (MRNFQ) as part of updating their economic models for hardwood forest. The study compared the productivity of mechanized felling in a selection cut with the productivity of the same equipment and operators working in a regeneration cut. This comparison generated regression equations for the productivity of mechanized felling as a function of mean stem volume for each type of cut in hardwood and mixed forests.
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Économie de carburant et transport forestier

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8343
Author
Mercier, Guyta
Date
2015
Material Type
Technical note
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Mercier, Guyta
Date
2015
Material Type
Technical note
Physical Description
1 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Fuel consumption
Composites
Economie de carburant
Matériaux composites
Piquets et travers
Conducteur averti
Transmission automatisée
Modélisation aérodynamique
Pneus à large bande
Carburants alternatifs
Series Number
OT 194
Language
French
Abstract
Despite the oscillations in the price of fuel at the pump, it continues to rise. Five years ago, fuel accounted for 30% of transportation costs. Today, that proportion is estimated to be at least 40%, and the forecasts are not optimistic. It is therefore crucial to look at the factors that can influence fuel consumption and and how to reduce it. The team of researchers from the Transportation and Energy program of FPInnovations program is working on this issue and is analyzing various possible solutions.
Abstract
Malgré les oscillations du prix du carburant à la pompe, ce dernier ne cesse d’augmenter. Il y a cinq ans, le carburant représentait 30% des coûts de transport. Aujourd’hui, cette proportion est estimée à au moins 40 %, et les prévisions ne sont pas optimistes. Il est donc crucial de regarder les facteurs qui peuvent influencer la consommation de carburant et les moyens de la réduire. L’équipe de chercheurs du programme Transport et Énergie de FPInnovations travaille sur la question et analyse différentes pistes de solutions.
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Cost of the first entry phase in a shelterwood cut implemented using the 1-2-3 method

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40918
Author
Roy, Vincent
Meek, Philippe
Date
August 2009
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Roy, Vincent
Meek, Philippe
Date
August 2009
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Trees
Shelterwood
Productivity
Harvesting
Harvesters
Costs
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 11, No. 11
Language
English
Abstract
The 1-2-3 shelterwood cut system developed by FPInnovations–Feric Division is increasingly being used as part of new ecosystem management approaches in eastern Canada. Feric evaluated the direct harvesting costs for the first entry phase in a shelterwood system implemented using the 1-2-3 method, which is also called shelterwood cutting with close selection. We compared the results of the partial cutting operation with those of harvesting with the protection of regeneration and soils (HPRS). The harvesting costs in the shelterwood approach can be up to $1.87/m³ more than in the HPRS treatment. However, the increased mean stem volume that is harvested as a result of the stem selection guidelines can mitigate this adverse impact in stands with large trees.
Productivity
Harvesting costs
Shelterwood cut
Single-grip harvesters
Cut-to-length
Full-tree
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Coût de première intervention en coupe progressive appliquée avec la méthode 1-2-3

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40884
Author
Roy, Vincent
Meek, Philippe
Date
Août 2009
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Roy, Vincent
Meek, Philippe
Date
Août 2009
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 11, No. 11
Language
French
Abstract
Le système de coupe progressive 1-2-3 mis au point par FPInnovations, division Feric est de plus en plus utilisé dans le cadre des nouveaux développements de l’aménagement écosystémique dans l’est du Canada. Feric a évalué les coûts directs de récolte pour une première intervention d’un système de coupe progressive réalisée grâce à la méthode 1-2-3, aussi appelée coupe progressive avec sélection rapprochée. Les résultats des opérations de coupe partielle ont été comparés à ceux d’interventions effectuées au moyen de la coupe avec protection de la régénération et des sols (CPRS). Les coûts de récolte générés par cette méthode peuvent atteindre jusqu’à 1,87 $/m³ de plus qu’avec le traitement par CPRS. Par contre, l’augmentation du volume moyen par tige récoltée, induite par le choix de tige, atténue cet impact.
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58 records – page 1 of 6.