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21 records – page 1 of 3.

Application of technology and innovation in wildland fire. Summary report (2021-22)

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8536
Author
Refai, Razim
Date
March 2022
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Date
March 2022
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Alberta
FPI TR
Forestry
Images
Remote piloted aircraft systems (RPAS)
Technology
Water
Wildfires
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2022 n.8
Language
English
Abstract
In 2021, Alberta Agriculture and Forestry’s Wildfire Management Branch identified an opportunity to evaluate new and emerging technologies to supplement and improve current wildfire response capabilities. A one-year directed research initiative was undertaken with the FPInnovations’ Wildfire Operations group to assess the efficacy of five different technologies and their utility in the wildfire domain. This report summarizes the five projects undertaken in this initiative, highlighting key outcomes and considerations.
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Area-based water delivery systems. Exploratory research on logistics, water delivery, and its localized impacts

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7859
Author
Refai, Razim
Hsieh, Rex
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Hsieh, Rex
Date
January 2021
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
20 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Fire retardant
Retardant
Spruce
Water
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2021 n.1
Location
Alberta
Language
English
Abstract
The aim of this study was to capture data on area-based water delivery systems, specifically in the context of logistics, systems differentiation, water delivery, and its localized effects. FPInnovations successfully collaborated with Fire & Flood to obtain this data. A two-day test was executed during which Fire & Flood set up their 4- and 12-inch systems and carried out sprinkler operations.
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Bridges & wildfire event: identifying information gaps in bridge protection in the context of resistance to wildland fire events

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub19860
Author
Refai, Razim
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Refai, Razim
Contributor
Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development (FLNRORD)
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Bridge
Fire
Protection
Structures
FPI TR
Wildfires
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.14
Language
English
Abstract
The Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development (FLNRORD) has asked FPInnovations to investigate current information and knowledge for bridge fire impact mitigation opportunities and strategies. The extent of the investigation includes reaching out to domestic and international contacts to find directly applicable information and literature on strategies to mitigate fire impacts to bridge structures. This will include review of academic journals and reports, products and methods, to find
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Bridges & wildfire event: identifying information gaps in bridge protection in the context of resistance to wildland fire events

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8006
Author
Refai, Razim
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Refai, Razim
Contributor
Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development (FLNRORD)
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Bridge
Fire
Protection
Structures
FPI TR
Wildfires
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.14
Language
English
Abstract
The Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development (FLNRORD) has asked FPInnovations to investigate current information and knowledge for bridge fire impact mitigation opportunities and strategies. The extent of the investigation includes reaching out to domestic and international contacts to find directly applicable information and literature on strategies to mitigate fire impacts to bridge structures. This will include review of academic journals and reports, products and methods, to find
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Evaporation rates, assessing the evaporation rates of water, foam, and water-enhancers

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8011
Author
Refai, Razim
Paskaluk, Stephen
Date
March 2021
Material Type
research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Paskaluk, Stephen
Date
March 2021
Material Type
research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Wildfires
Forestry
Forest fire
FPI TR
Gel
Test methods
Foam
Series Number
Techncial Reports ; TR 2021 N 17
Language
English
Abstract
Reduced surface evaporation rates are marketed as a competitive advantage by water-enhancer manufacturers. In this report, a new test method is developed and applied to quantify the evaporation rates of various commercially available water-enhancer products in a controlled environment. These quantified evaporation rates were then compared to the evaporation rate of water which served as the benchmark.
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Ground-based water-enhancer application for debris-pile burning. A case study in the Calgary forest area

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8480
Author
Refai, Razim
Date
January 2022
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Date
January 2022
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
22 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Debris piles
Fire
Fire retardant
Retardant
Spruce
Water
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2022 n.2
Location
Alberta
Language
English
Abstract
Debris piles were scattered among a fuel-treated stand at the Jumpingpound Demonstration Forest. The existing trees were deemed as assets worth protecting while the piles required to be burned. To facilitate the protection of the trees surrounding these debris piles, the Calgary Forest Area requested the use of water-enhancer capable fire engines to protect the trees during debris pile burning.
A total of 15 debris piles of varying fuel loads were burned over two days. The use of water-enhancer capable fire engines allowed FPInnovations to document the use of suppressants (water and water-enhancer) to better understand their advantages and limitations. Qualitative observations suggested that water-enhancers were more effective at withstanding radiant heat than water when applied immediately prior to the incident heat. Its efficacy, however, was found to decline with time.
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In-stand drop footprint mapping using S-61N helicopters

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8010
Author
Refai, Razim
Hsieh, Rex
Date
March 2021
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Hsieh, Rex
Date
March 2021
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
49 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Wildfires
Helicopters
Forestry
Forest fire
FPI TR
Gel
Series Number
Techncial Reports ; TR 2021 N 16
Language
English
Abstract
Alberta Agriculture and Forestry’s (AAF) Wildfire Management Branch recently contracted two Sikorsky S-61N heavy helicopters. Both helicopters are equipped with an external tank (max. volume 1000 U.S. gallons) and have on-board injection systems that are capable of mixing class A foams and water-enhancers. Currently, there is limited data on comparative drop footprints of foam and water-enhancers (suppressants) for these heavy helicopters. To fill this knowledge gap, AAF has asked FPInnovations to conduct drop tests in different wildland fuel environments. This study focuses on mapping the drop footprints of water, foam, and water-enhancers in black spruce stands at specific flight parameters.
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Integrating fuel treatment data into the Canadian wildland fire information framework. A review of Canadian data management systems and requirements

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub36367
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Hvenegaard, Steven
Refai, Razim
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Hvenegaard, Steven
Refai, Razim
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
25 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
FPI TR
Forestry
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.20
Language
English
Abstract
The National Fuels Management Reference Database was designed to collect data on wildland fuel treatment implementation and maintenance. This information is relevant to the Emergency Management Strategy in understanding where fuel treatments are located and how they were applied. FPInnovations reviewed the current status and use of the database and data depositories within wildfire management agencies. Combined with the findings of wildfire risk assessment experts’ data requirements, recommendations were provided for the integration of fuel treatment data into the Canadian Wildland Fire Information Framework.
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Log-deck fire suppression using high volume water delivery systems

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8481
Author
Refai, Razim
Date
January 2022
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Refai, Razim
Date
January 2022
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
21 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Aspen
Debris piles
Fire
Fire retardant
log decks
Retardant
Water
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2022 n.3
Location
Alberta
Language
English
Abstract
Multiple log-deck fires at mill sites and log yards in Western Canada in the past year resulted in the loss of merchantable timber. These fires showcased how existing equipment and suppression efforts from wildfire agencies are heavily challenged when asked to handle the thermal output from burning log-decks.
In an effort to explore alternate solutions, FPInnovations collaborated with West Fraser and the High Level Forest Management Area to understand the efficacy of high-volume water delivery systems in log-deck fire suppression. Over the course of three days, water-penetration tests as well as suppression tests were carried out to better understand the utility and resource requirements of high-volume water delivery systems.
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National handheld infrared scanner usage survey

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53021
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Refai, Razim
Date
February 2019
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hsieh, Rex
Refai, Razim
Date
February 2019
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
22 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Wildfire Operations
Subject
Helicopters
Equipment
Forestry
Survey
FPI TR
Wildfires
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 N 32
Language
English
Abstract
Alberta Wildfire Management Aviation and Geomatics Section is interested in researching current infrared (IR) scanner technology and identifying potential next-generation IR scanners. A survey was identified as a tool for understanding the current use of IR scanners among Canadian wildfire agencies, with the intention of leveraging existing expertise. FPInnovations was tasked with conducting this survey. Nine Canadian wildfire management agencies responded to the survey. The results identified the IR scanners currently in use, their applications, and the pros and cons associated with the respective scanners.
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21 records – page 1 of 3.