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Basic procedures for sampling and analyzing woody biomass

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3318
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Edition
39982
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Edition
39982
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biomass
Bioenergy
Sampling
Physical properties
Moisture content
Particle size
Bulk density
Standards
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 15, No. 5
Language
English
Abstract
Biomass sampling and analysis play decisive roles in determining the characteristics and value of the woody biomass fuel used in bioenergy systems in Canada. Sampling and analysis standards help harmonize the procedures that are used to monitor biomass quality. Because there are no Canada- wide biomass sampling standards, facilities that produce and use woody biomass have developed and implemented in-house sampling procedures of varying degrees of complexity. Given that the use of woody biomass in Canada is predicted to increase, the ability to ensure the quality of biomass will become increasingly important in order to control costs and maximize system efficiency.
BIOMASS
Biofuels
Bioenergy
MOISTURE CONTENT
BULK DENSITY
Bark content
Contamination
ASH
Lignin
CARBOHYDRATES
EXTRACTIVES
Abstract
L’échantillonnage et l’analyse de la biomasse jouent un rôle décisif dans la détermination des caractéristiques et de la valeur des combustibles de biomasse ligneuse utilisés dans les systèmes de bioénergie au Canada. Les normes d’échantillonnage et d’analyse contribuent à harmoniser les méthodes utilisées pour évaluer la qualité de la biomasse. Il n’existe pas de normes d’échantillonnage pancanadiennes; les usines qui produisent ou utilisent la biomasse ligneuse ont donc élaboré et appliqué des méthodes d’échantillonnage maison de niveau de complexité variable. Comme on prévoit une augmentation de l’utilisation de la biomasse ligneuse au Canada, les compétences permettant de garantir sa qualité deviendront de plus en plus importantes pour limiter les coûts et maximiser l’efficacité des systèmes.
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BC roadside biomass volume assessment and GHG benefits – BIOS app add-ons

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52780
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
March 2019
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
March 2019
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
21 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Biomass
Volume
Tools
Procedures
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2019 n.5
Language
English
Abstract
This report presents the development highlights for the BiOS app completed in 2018-2019 by FPI. An updated methodology is defined to help FLNRORD fully integrate the BiOS app data point collection into the Forest BioGis web platform. A visual roadside pile volume estimator was also developed and implemented into the BiOS app. This visual estimator will need to be calibrated and further developed with roadside pile recovery trials performed in various BC conditions. Finally, a four-year development plan is proposed to have a fully validated set of tools in the Forest BioGIS web platform and the BiOS app.
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Best management practices guide for access to quality forest feedstocks

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub49793
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
January 2018
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
January 2018
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
26 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Forestry
Series Number
Serial Publication SP-534
Language
English
Abstract
The general objective of this guide is to assess the economic benefits of BMPs on feedstock quality and process improvement for the bioenergy sector. This guide is based on the publication Biomass Management: Effective Management Techniques for Biomass Piles to Secure Access to Quality Feedstock (Technical Report no. 8 - January 2017), a summary of published literature focusing on characteristics and management of comminuted (hogged) and roundwood forest biomass, Previous studies undertaken and some of the practical experience of FPInnovations staff have been incorporated.
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Conditions et impacts financiers a utiliser des ouvrages amovibles pour les traverses de cours d'eau au Québec

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52701
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
Décembre 2018
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
Décembre 2018
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
31 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Finance
Water
Stream
Culverts
Costs
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2019 n.2
Language
French
Abstract
Les visites réalisées dans le cadre de cette étude ont permis d’établir une structure afin de quantifier le coût d’installation des ouvrages traditionnels (ponceaux) et amovibles (ouvrages dont les appuis sont situés en dehors de la limite supérieure de la berge) en lien avec le RADF. Dans ce contexte, il a été possible de proposer une feuille de calcul permettant d’estimer le coût des ouvrages traditionnels et amovibles. Toutefois, le nombre limité d’observations ne permet pas de tirer de conclusions définitives sur les coûts de ces ouvrages dans plusieurs conditions d’installation.
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Effective management techniques for biomass piles to secure access to quality feedstock

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub44269
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
January 2017
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
January 2017
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
28 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Biomass
Bark
Storing
FOP Technical Report
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report; TR 2017 n.8
Language
English
Abstract
Improved storage practices will limit the risk of spontaneous combustion of bark piles during storage and support optimized planning of fuel intake at biomass conversion facilities.
Boiler efficiency can be improved by over 5% if biomass moisture can be reduced to 40% from 50%. For a boiler using 34 oven-dry tonnes (ODt)/h of biomass, improved feedstock management can save ~$1.8million/year.
Reducing biomass moisture content by 10% can increase heat value by $9.90/ODt. For a 10-Mw CHP plant purchasing ~50,000 ODt/yr savings would be $495,000 per year. The 60 MW Nova Scotia Power (NSP) plant installed on the Port Hawkesbury Paper (PHP) mill site in Point Tupper, delivers power and required steam input for the paper mill. NSP manages the boiler operations and PHP serves as the main feedstock supplier, which includes handling the storage of the biomass on site. In April 2016, the Nova Scotia Government amended the provincial law that designated the facility as one that must run 24/7, regardless of electricity market prices. The Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board along with NSP estimated it could save $9 million in 2017 by running the Point Tupper power facility on an as-needed basis (CBC, 2016). At a monthly energy requirement of 440 000 gigajoules (GJ), the feedstock supply needed to meet plant demand is 45 000 green metric tonnes (GMt), with a target average moisture content of 50.4% (MacLellan, 2015). The estimated available fuel energy from feedstock with a target moisture content of 50.4% is 9.93 GJ/tonne (GJ/t) (using boiler efficiency data). The estimated monthly supply requirements for the boiler are therefore equal to 45 000 GMt, or 540 000 GMt/year based on full power output. Since the April 2016 law amendment, the planned production output is 55%, with the main product being steam for the paper mill. The annual required supply to run the boiler will be approximately 300 000 GMt, as of July 2016. PHP plans to supply the boiler entirely with bark from three sources:
100 000 GMt from the Bear Head legacy pile
90 000 GMt from the paper mill’s woodroom
110 000 GMt from sawmill purchases The goal of this bark storage trial was to measure the impact of quality (moisture content, dry matter loss) and fire risk over time for innovative pile management techniques (shape, cover, ventilation). The winter supply of bark was targeted as it is the most difficult period in the year to gain access to good quality biomass.
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Essais de séchage de bois rond entreposé sous bâche dans la matapédia

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39805
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
Janvier 2014
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
Janvier 2014
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
13 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Biomass
Humidity
Drying
Storing
Logs
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 14, No. 8
Language
French
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
The effects of natural drying in relation to the use of tarps on the moisture content of stacked softwood roundwood were examined. Biomass quality logs were stored for a period of 15 months in a mill yard in the Bas Saint-Laurent region of Quebec. The results of the study showed that the roundwood dried naturally during the summer season with moisture content at the end of the season below 30%. Tarping the roundwood piles during the fall and winter prevented an average increase in moisture content of 6%.
Abstract
Cette étude d'entreposage de la biomasse forestière visait à évaluer les effets du séchage naturel par rapport à l'utilisation de bâches sur la teneur en humidité de bois rond résineux au cours d'une période de 15 mois. Des billes de qualité biomasse ont été empilées dans un parc d'usine de la région du Bas-Saint-Laurent, au Québec. Les résultats de l'étude ont démontré que la biomasse séchait très bien naturellement pendant l'été avec un taux d'humidité en fin de la saison estivale en-dessous de 30%. La bâchage des empilements de biomasse au cours de l'automne et de l'hiver a permis d'éviter une augmentation moyenne du taux d'humidité de 6 %.
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Forest biomass assessment model

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7826
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2019
Material Type
Presentation
Field
Partnerships

  1 video

Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2019
Material Type
Presentation
Physical Description
Video : 0:41:16
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Partnerships
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Biomass
PIF
Series
PIF ; 2019
Language
English
Abstract
A presentation by Sylvain Volpé for PIF (Partenariat Innovation Forêt)
Video Tracks
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Forest fibre utilization strategy and business opportunities assessment for the Innu. Phase 1: fibre supply

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52909
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Contributor
Natural Resoures Canada (NRC)
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
27 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Forestry
Series Number
Report
Language
English
Abstract
The Labrador Forest Management District (FMD) 19A with an annual allowable cut (AAC) of spruce from commercial harvest blocks of 165 000 m3/year is enough to meet the demand of a 40 M fbm/year sawmill (assuming sawmill efficiency factor of 4 m3/MFBM). The estimated average wood supply costs to access all the AAC wood from district 19A for Goose Bay is $58/m3 and Sheshatshiu at $63/m3 (9% price premium paid for wood deliveries to Sheshatshiu caused by the added transport distance of about 40 km per trip to complete the cycle time on average for truck loads). The scenario of a 40 M fmb/year sawmill would require at least 20 full time employees to run the wood supply chain and another 14 part time employees to build and maintain the road network.
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Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
May 2011
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
May 2011
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
8 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Simulation
Operations
Logs
Biomass
Analysis
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 13, No. 1
Language
English
Abstract
The BiOS (Biomass Opportunity and Supply) module in FPInterface is a tool for spatially evaluating available volumes and recovery costs of forest-origin biomass from a provided timber harvest area.
FPSuite
FPInterface
BiOS
Logiciels
Modèles et simulation
Biomasse
Coûts
Approvisionnement de fibre
Analyse économique
Opérations forestières
Abstract
Le module BiOS (Biomass Opportunity and Supply) de FPInterface permet d'évaluer spatialement les volumes disponibles et les coûts d'approvisionnement de la biomasse d'origine forestière provenant d'un territoire de coupe donné.
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Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
Janvier 2011
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
Janvier 2011
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
8 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Simulation
Operations
Logs
Biomass
Analysis
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 13, No. 1
Language
French
Abstract
The BiOS (Biomass Opportunity and Supply) module in FPInterface is a tool for spatially evaluating available volumes and recovery costs of forest-origin biomass from a provided timber harvest area.
FPSuite
FPInterface
BiOS
Logiciels
Modèles et simulation
Biomasse
Coûts
Approvisionnement de fibre
Analyse économique
Opérations forestières
Abstract
Le module BiOS (Biomass Opportunity and Supply) de FPInterface permet d'évaluer spatialement les volumes disponibles et les coûts d'approvisionnement de la biomasse d'origine forestière provenant d'un territoire de coupe donné.
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20 records – page 1 of 2.