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Basic procedures for sampling and analyzing woody biomass

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3318
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Edition
39982
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Attributes of Biomass Existing Standards for Sampling Biomass European Committee for Standardization (CEN
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Edition
39982
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biomass
Bioenergy
Sampling
Physical properties
Moisture content
Particle size
Bulk density
Standards
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 15, No. 5
Language
English
Abstract
Biomass sampling and analysis play decisive roles in determining the characteristics and value of the woody biomass fuel used in bioenergy systems in Canada. Sampling and analysis standards help harmonize the procedures that are used to monitor biomass quality. Because there are no Canada- wide biomass sampling standards, facilities that produce and use woody biomass have developed and implemented in-house sampling procedures of varying degrees of complexity. Given that the use of woody biomass in Canada is predicted to increase, the ability to ensure the quality of biomass will become increasingly important in order to control costs and maximize system efficiency.
BIOMASS
Biofuels
Bioenergy
MOISTURE CONTENT
BULK DENSITY
Bark content
Contamination
ASH
Lignin
CARBOHYDRATES
EXTRACTIVES
Abstract
L’échantillonnage et l’analyse de la biomasse jouent un rôle décisif dans la détermination des caractéristiques et de la valeur des combustibles de biomasse ligneuse utilisés dans les systèmes de bioénergie au Canada. Les normes d’échantillonnage et d’analyse contribuent à harmoniser les méthodes utilisées pour évaluer la qualité de la biomasse. Il n’existe pas de normes d’échantillonnage pancanadiennes; les usines qui produisent ou utilisent la biomasse ligneuse ont donc élaboré et appliqué des méthodes d’échantillonnage maison de niveau de complexité variable. Comme on prévoit une augmentation de l’utilisation de la biomasse ligneuse au Canada, les compétences permettant de garantir sa qualité deviendront de plus en plus importantes pour limiter les coûts et maximiser l’efficacité des systèmes.
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Caractéristiques cruciales de la biomasse pour les applications les plus courantes en bioénergie et biocarburants

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3102
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Edition
39759
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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. Badger, P.C. 2002. Processing cost analysis for biomass feedstocks. U.S. Department of Energy, Office
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Edition
39759
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biomass
Bioenergy
Moisture content
Physical properties
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 14, No. 3
Language
French
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
Le présent document décrit les caractéristiques cruciales de la biomasse comme le format et la taille, la teneur en dumidité, la densité apparente, la teneur en feuillage/écorce, la contamination, la teneur en cendres, en lignine, en dydratesde carbone et en produitsd'extraction ainsi que la valeur calorifique pour les applications les plus courantes de production de bioénergie et de biocarburants : combustions directe, gazéification, pyrolyse, torréfacgtion, fermentation et densification. Le document est distiné aux professionnels de la foresterie, de la transformation du bois, des pâtes et papiers et de la biomasse qui cherchent de l'information de base sur ces caractéristiques essentielles.
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Critical biomass attributes of the most common bioenergy and biofuel applications

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39735
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Introduction Biomass comprises recently living organisms or their metabolic by-products (e.g., manure). When
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biomass
Bioenergy
Moisture content
Physical properties
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 14, No. 3
Language
English
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
This primer presents critical attributes such as format and size; moisture content; bulk density; foliage/bark content; contamination; ash, lignin, carbohydrate, and extractive contents; and calorific value of the most common bioenergy and biofuel applications; direct combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, torrefaction, fermentation, and densification. The primer is aimed at forestry, wood processing, pulp and paper, and biomass professionals who are interested in basic information about these critical attributes.
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Differences in species flammability: identifying less-flammable vegetation

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub36827
Author
Baxter, Greg
Date
February 2010
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
, Plateau Rocky Mountain fescue, Festuca saximontana, Vegetation, Fuel loads, Biomass, Curing. Contents
Author
Baxter, Greg
Date
February 2010
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
8 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Vegetation
Loads
Hybrid
Biomass
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 11, No. 25
Language
English
Abstract
We tested six plant species or mixes at Vegreville, Alberta to determine their ignition and fire behaviour characteristics and whether they could be used along linear corridors to reduce the fire potential at strategic locations. Nine ignition trials over three years and one grass-fire burning into the test plots were completed to allow ranking of the species based on their characteristics. Three of the species were chosen for additional field studies: white clover, yarrow, and Plateau Rocky Mountain fescue.
Flammability
Ignition
White clover
Trifolium repens
Alsike clover
Trivolium hybridum
Yarrow
Achillea millefolium
Plateau Rocky Mountain fescue
Festuca saximontana
Vegetation
Fuel loads
Biomass
Curing
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Equipment and systems for the recovery, transportation, and processing of woody biomass for energy: synthesis of the literature 1982-2002

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40662
Author
Ledrew, K.
Clark, Marv
Hedin, Ingrid B.
Date
April 2004
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Ledrew, K.
Clark, Marv
Hedin, Ingrid B.
Date
April 2004
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
22 p
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Transport
Recovery
Processing
Costs
Biomass
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 5, No. 10
Language
English
Abstract
The Forest Engineering Research Institute of Canada (FERIC) conducted a literature search on the recovery, transportation, and processing of forest biomass into fuel. This report presents a summary of findings of the literature search, which includes both Canadian and international publications.
Biomass
Recovery
Processing
Transportation
Fuelwood
Energy
Costs
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Essais de séchage de bois rond entreposé sous bâche dans la matapédia

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39805
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
Janvier 2014
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Silvicultural thinnings. Biomass and Bioenergy 31:381-92. Nurmi, J. 2014. Changes in volumetric energy
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
Janvier 2014
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
13 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Biomass
Humidity
Drying
Storing
Logs
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 14, No. 8
Language
French
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
The effects of natural drying in relation to the use of tarps on the moisture content of stacked softwood roundwood were examined. Biomass quality logs were stored for a period of 15 months in a mill yard in the Bas Saint-Laurent region of Quebec. The results of the study showed that the roundwood dried naturally during the summer season with moisture content at the end of the season below 30%. Tarping the roundwood piles during the fall and winter prevented an average increase in moisture content of 6%.
Abstract
Cette étude d'entreposage de la biomasse forestière visait à évaluer les effets du séchage naturel par rapport à l'utilisation de bâches sur la teneur en humidité de bois rond résineux au cours d'une période de 15 mois. Des billes de qualité biomasse ont été empilées dans un parc d'usine de la région du Bas-Saint-Laurent, au Québec. Les résultats de l'étude ont démontré que la biomasse séchait très bien naturellement pendant l'été avec un taux d'humidité en fin de la saison estivale en-dessous de 30%. La bâchage des empilements de biomasse au cours de l'automne et de l'hiver a permis d'éviter une augmentation moyenne du taux d'humidité de 6 %.
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Estimated costs for harvesting, comminuting, and transporting beetle-killed pine in the Quesnel/Nazko area of central British Columbia

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40754
Author
MacDonald, A.J.
Date
May 2007
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
MacDonald, A.J.
Date
May 2007
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
47 p
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Volume
Transport
Systems
Residues
Pinus
Harvesting
Costs
British Columbia
Bioenergy
Biomass
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 7, No. 16
Language
English
Abstract
The Forest Engineering Research Institute of Canada (FERIC) estimated the costs of harvesting, comminuting, and transporting pine trees killed by the mountain pine beetle in the central Interior of British Columbia. Costs were based on computer models that used three different harvesting systems depending on the ratio of sawlogs to fuelwood in the stand. For stands with less than 50% fuelwood, the existing roadside harvesting system was used to harvest sawlogs and generate roadside residuals, followed by a separate operation to comminute and transport the feedstock. This system had the lowest cost. Stands with 50-95% fuelwood were costed using a satellite sortyard. This system was best suited to sort the sawlogs from stands containing predominantly fuelwood, but it also had the highest cost.
Mountain pine beetle
Harvesting systems
Comminution
Transportation
Costs
Volume determination
Interior British Columbia
Fuelwood
Bioenergy
Biomass
Residues
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Evaluation of wide-base tires for off-road applications

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub44127
Author
Jokai, Rob
Date
December 2014
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
consumption, off-road, off-highway, forest industry, logging trucks, biomass, chip trucks, 455/55 R22.5 X One
Author
Jokai, Rob
Date
December 2014
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
14 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Transportation Infrastructure
Subject
Biomass
Trucks
Testing
Tires
Fuel
Energy
Efficiency
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 15, No. 6
Language
English
Abstract
Wide-base tires are used by many freight companies for on-highway transport. These tires have lower rolling resistance than dual-tire assemblies, which can improve the vehicle combination’s fuel efficiency. Although these benefits are well-documented for highway use, the suitability of wide-base tires for off-highway use is generally unknown. FPInnovations, Michelin North America (Canada) Inc., and Excel Transportation Inc. equipped two tractor–semi-trailer combinations with wide-base tires. These trucks haul wood biomass from in-woods grinding operations in the Prince George area of British Columbia. The performance of the vehicles with wide-base tires was monitored, and fuel consumption tests were done. This report contains the results of the investigation.
Abstract
Les pneus à large bande sont utilisés par bon nombre de compagnies de fret pour le transport sur route. Ils possèdent une plus faible résistance au roulement que les pneus jumelés, ce qui peut améliorer le rendement du carburant des ensembles routiers. Même si ces avantages sont bien documentés en ce qui a trait à l’utilisation sur route, la pertinence des pneus à large bande pour le transport hors route reste généralement à déterminer. FPInnovations, Michelin Amérique du Nord (Canada) inc. et Excel Transportation Inc. ont équipé deux tracteurs semi-remorques de pneus à large bande. Ces véhicules transportent de la biomasse forestière provenant d’opérations de broyage en forêt dans la région de Prince George, en Colombie-Britannique. Un suivi de la performance des véhicules équipés de pneus à large bande et des essais de consommation de carburant ont été réalisés. Le présent rapport fait état des résultats de l’enquête.
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Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
Janvier 2011
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
FPInterface – BiOS Résumé Le module BiOS (Biomass Opportunity Supply) de FPInterface permet d’évaluer
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
Janvier 2011
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
8 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Simulation
Operations
Logs
Biomass
Analysis
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 13, No. 1
Language
French
Abstract
The BiOS (Biomass Opportunity and Supply) module in FPInterface is a tool for spatially evaluating available volumes and recovery costs of forest-origin biomass from a provided timber harvest area.
FPSuite
FPInterface
BiOS
Logiciels
Modèles et simulation
Biomasse
Coûts
Approvisionnement de fibre
Analyse économique
Opérations forestières
Abstract
Le module BiOS (Biomass Opportunity and Supply) de FPInterface permet d'évaluer spatialement les volumes disponibles et les coûts d'approvisionnement de la biomasse d'origine forestière provenant d'un territoire de coupe donné.
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Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
May 2011
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
FPInterface estimates the cost of mill-delivered forest biomass based on annual or five-year harvesting
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
May 2011
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
8 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Simulation
Operations
Logs
Biomass
Analysis
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 13, No. 1
Language
English
Abstract
The BiOS (Biomass Opportunity and Supply) module in FPInterface is a tool for spatially evaluating available volumes and recovery costs of forest-origin biomass from a provided timber harvest area.
FPSuite
FPInterface
BiOS
Logiciels
Modèles et simulation
Biomasse
Coûts
Approvisionnement de fibre
Analyse économique
Opérations forestières
Abstract
Le module BiOS (Biomass Opportunity and Supply) de FPInterface permet d'évaluer spatialement les volumes disponibles et les coûts d'approvisionnement de la biomasse d'origine forestière provenant d'un territoire de coupe donné.
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20 records – page 1 of 2.