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11 records – page 1 of 2.

Advanced wood-based solutions for mid-rise and high-rise construction: exit fire separations in mid-rise Wood buildings

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub49853
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Date
March 2018
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service
Date
March 2018
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
91 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Advanced Wood Materials
Subject
Wood
Fire
Building code
Residential construction
Language
English
Abstract
In 2015, the National Building Code of Canada (NBCC) [1] adopted prescriptive provisions to allow the construction of mid-rise (5- and 6-storey) buildings using combustible construction. These types of buildings were already permitted under the British Columbia Building Code, as of 2009 [2]. In2014 the Province of Ontario filed an amendment to also allow mid-rise wood buildings, however, it required that the exit fire separations be built using noncombustible construction having a fire resistance rating (FRR) of not less than 1.5-hr, which was an increase from the 1-hr requirement in the NBCC. The Québec Construction Code has also filed amendments to allow mid-rise wood construction and also limits exit stairwells to use noncombustible construction.
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Advanced wood-based solutions for mid-rise and high-rise construction: Mid-rise wood exit shaft demonstration fire test report

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub49832
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Bénichou, Noureddine
Date
April 2018
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Bénichou, Noureddine
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service
Date
April 2018
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
48 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Advanced Wood Materials
Subject
Wood
Fire
Building code
Residential construction
Language
English
Abstract
FPInnovations conducted a research project to study the construction of mid-rise wood exit shafts in Ontario and Québec. The scope of the project included an investigation into the concerns that have been raised in regards to the use of wood exits in mid-rise buildings, an analysis of recent Canadian fire statistics in residential multi-family structures, and a fire demonstration of a mass timber wall and supported light-frame floor. This report describes the fire demonstration completed as part of this project; this report acts as a supplement to the full project report.
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Assessing the flammability of mass timber components, a review

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53026
Author
Mehaffey, J.R. (Jim)
Dagenais, Christian
Date
February 2014
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Center (CCMC). Division B of the National Building Code of Canada (NBCC), also called
Author
Mehaffey, J.R. (Jim)
Dagenais, Christian
Date
February 2014
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
27 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Building code
Fire
Performance
Design
Timber
Language
English
Abstract
The report concludes with the recommendation that it would be useful to run an extensive set of cone calorimeter tests on SCL, glue-laminated timber and CLT products. The fundamental data could be most useful for validating models for predicting flame spread ratings of massive timber products and useful as input to comprehensive computer fire models that predict the course of fire in buildings. It is also argued that the cone calorimeter would be a useful tool in assessing fire performance during product development and for quality control purposes.
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Building codes & fire standards benefit study

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub2172
Contributor
Ross Thomson & Associates
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
March 1991
Edition
38714
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Standards Committee, and - the National Building Code of Canada, Its activities should be increased
Contributor
Ross Thomson & Associates
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
March 1991
Edition
38714
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
178 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Advanced Wood Materials
Subject
Building code
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
Abstract
Building codes
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Building codes & fire standards benefit study : "Delphi" questionaire

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub4869
Author
Thomson, C.R.
Date
May 1991
Edition
41689
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
in the outer zones. Fire limits replaced (except in Standard Building Code) by site specific spatial
Author
Thomson, C.R.
Contributor
Ross Thomson & Associates
Date
May 1991
Edition
41689
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
36 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Studs
Standards
Canada
Building code
Location
Ottawa, Ontario
Language
English
Abstract
Building codes - Canada
Fire Standards - Benefit Study
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Development of educational programs in wood and fire

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub41944
Author
Mehaffey, J.R. (Jim)
Date
March 2000
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Mehaffey, J.R. (Jim)
Date
March 2000
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
6 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Wood
Research
Building code
Series Number
Canadian Forest Service No. 38
E-3412
Location
Sainte-Foy, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
Wood fire - Educational programs
Fire Research
Fire - Building codes
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Encapsulated mass timber construction: Guidelines for encapsulation details and techniques

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7689
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Geraghty, Simon
Jeske, Judy
Rahmani, Alma
Dorsey, Cheryl
Date
June 2019
Edition
52884
Material Type
manual
Field
Sustainable Construction
of construction, called Encapsulated Mass Timber Construction, into the 2020 National Building Code of Canada (NBC
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Geraghty, Simon
Jeske, Judy
Rahmani, Alma
Dorsey, Cheryl
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service
Date
June 2019
Edition
52884
Material Type
manual
Physical Description
9 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Wood
Fire
Building code
Residential construction
Language
English
Abstract
The purpose of this guide is to provide an introduction to the concept of encapsulated mass timber construction. This guide provides an overview of encapsulation techniques for mass timber construction, and other related fire protection measures, and summarizes some approved encapsulation materials and application methods and identifies additional requirements for safety during construction. This guide is intended to help architects, engineers and designers by reducing uncertainty and allowing for more confidence in design, as well as providing authorities having jurisdiction and inspectors with a reference for simple design review.
Funded by Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry through FPInnovations with Morrison Hershfield Limited
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Encapsulation of mass timber floor surfaces, report to Forestry Innovation Investment Ltd.

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53043
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Bénichou, Noureddine
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
alternative solutions. Canada is considering revising the National Building Code of Canada (NBCC) [1
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Bénichou, Noureddine
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
55 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Wood
Fire
Design
Building code
Floors
Fire tests
Residential construction
Language
English
Abstract
Currently, mass timber building designs commonly incorporate a concrete floor topping. This can improve building accoustics by increasing the mass of the assembly, reduce floor vibration and create a smooth flat surface to install finish flooring on. The installation of concrete requires formwork, pouring and finishing the concrete and time to cure which adds to project schedules. One way to address this is to use mass timber elements that are prefabricated with concrete toppings preinstalled. Replaceing the concrete floor toppings wiht dry alternatives, such as cement board, may also reduce construction timelines, while still ensuring adequate acoustic and vibration performance. Cement board needs only to be screwed in place and can be walked on immediately after installation; this reduction in construction time may reduce overall project costs and help make wood buildings more cost competitive than other types of construction.
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Fire performance requirements of non-load-bearing wood-frame in-fill walls in concrete/steel hybrid buildings. Part 1 - Literature review of International Building Code

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39728
Author
Lu, Ling
Date
July 2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Review of International Building Code By Ling Lu, M.Sc Scientist, Serviceability and Fire
Author
Lu, Ling
Contributor
Canadian Forest Service.
Date
July 2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
17 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Test methods
Walls
United States (USA)
Systems
Steel
Resistance
Hybrid
Building code
Alloy
Series Number
301006155
E-4817
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
Related sections in the International Building Code (IBC) were reviewed regarding use of wood components in non-combustible buildings, and light-frame wood buildings or heavy timber buildings greater than 4-storeys in height. The highlights of this review are: a) Fire-retardant-treated (FRT) wood can be used in partitions when the required fire-resistance rating is not more than 2 hours. This includes all types and occupancy groups of Types I and II construction; b) FRT wood can be used in non-bearing exterior walls in Type I, II, III and IV construction; c) Wood components can be used in interior walls for Type III and IV construction; d) Wood components can be used in both interior and exterior walls for Type V construction. When a sprinkler system is installed according to NFPA 13 [1], it is possible to build a light-frame wood building or heavy timber building over 4-storeys according to the following provisions: a) Type IIIA 6-storey light-frame wood buildings using FRT wood for exterior walls for Occupancy group B (Business), H-4, and 5-storey light-frame wood buildings for Occupancy group F-2, H-3, I-1(Institutional), R (Residential), S-2; b) Type IIIB 5-storey light-frame wood buildings using FRT wood for exterior walls for Occupancy group R; c) Type IV (HT) 6-storeys timber buildings for Occupancy group B, F-2, H-4 and S-2; d) Type IV (HT) 5-storeys timber buildings for Occupancy group F-1, H-3, I-1, R, S-1 and U.
Non-Loadbearing
Wooden frame buildings
Walls - Fire resistance
CONCRETE
STEEL
Hybrid systems
Building codes - United States
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Fire performance requirements of non-load-bearing wood-frame in-fill walls in concrete/steel hybrid buildings. Part 2 - Review of the National Building Code of Canada

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39729
Author
Lu, Ling
Date
July 2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
of the National Building Code of Canada By Ling Lu, M.Sc Scientist, Serviceability and Fire Group
Author
Lu, Ling
Contributor
Canadian Forest Service.
Date
July 2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
17 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Test methods
Walls
Systems
Steel
Resistance
Hybrid
Canada
Building code
Alloy
Series Number
301006155
E-4818
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
This project evaluates the National Building Codes of Canada (NBCC) clauses relevant to fire performance and performance requirements of non-load-bearing wood-frame in-fill walls in concrete/steel hybrid buildings. Related clauses in NBCC are reviewed regarding the use of wood components and non-load bearing wall systems in non-combustible buildings. The highlights of this review are: § An exterior non-loadbearing wall assembly with combustible components is allowed in non-combustible construction if: a) Building height is not more than 3 storeys or has a sprinkler system throughout ; b) The interior surfaces of the wall assembly are protected by a thermal barrier ; and c) The wall assembly satisfied the testing criteria for CAN/ULC S134 ; § Combustible interior wall finishes, other than foamed plastics, are allowed in non-combustible construction if the thickness is not greater than 25 mm and their flame spread rating (FSR) is not more than 150 ; § Combustible insulation, other than foamed plastics, is allowed in non-combustible construction if the flame-spread rating not more than 25 ; § Combustible insulation with a FSR not less than 25 and not more than 500 is allowed in exterior and interior walls of non-combustible construction if the building is non-sprinklered and not more than 18 m or sprinklered and protected by a thermal barrier ; § There are no obstacles for using wood-frame in-fill wall systems for interior partition walls in hybrid buildings: a) For non-sprinklered buildings not greater than 3 storeys or a floor area not greater than 600 m2 ; b) For sprinklered buildings. § Non-combustible construction allows combustible elements in partition walls in the following instances: a) Solid lumber partitions located in a fire compartment area are permitted in a non-sprinklered floor area not greater than 600 m2 with restrictions ; b) Solid lumber partitions not less than 38 mm thick and partitions that contain wood framing are permitted with restrictions. § Combustible cladding can be used under the following circumstances: a) When a wall assembly with exposing building face is between 10 to 25% tested by CAN/ULC-S134 and complies with Article 3.1.5.5 ; b) When a wall assembly with exposing building face is between 25 to 50%, is sprinklered throughout, installed on a gypsum board sheathing, and has a FSR not more than 25 (with restrictions) ; c) When a wall assembly with exposing building face is between 50 to 100%, cladding can be combustible for group A, B, C, D, E, F. § When a building is required to be of non-combustible construction, combustible elements are limited to the requirements in Subsection 3.1.5 on non-combustible construction ; § When comparing the NBCC with the International Building Code (IBC), the IBC is more in favour of using FRT wood frame in-fill walls with one more storey.
Non-Loadbearing
Wooden frame buildings
Walls - Fire resistance
CONCRETE
STEEL
Hybrid systems
Building codes - Canada
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11 records – page 1 of 2.