FPInnovations collaborated with Alberta Agriculture and Forestry and other research agencies to conduct two experimental fires in mulched fuels under very high fire hazard conditions.
This study documented fire behaviour and compared it to other experimental fires in mulch fuel beds at other independent study sites. Documentation of fire behaviour in this novel fuel type can inform wildfire managers of potential fire behaviour and suppression challenges.
The main objective of this study is to evaluate heat delamination characteristics of structural adhesives used for face bonding of cross-laminated timber, when subjecting both sides of CLT specimens to the small-scale flame test as required in the normative Annex A.2 of CSA O177 "Qualification Code for Manufacturers of Structural Glued-Laminated Timber" . While not technically in accordance with the CSA O177 Annex A.2 methodology, this flame exposure allows for a direct comparison to previous work performed on glulam specimens .
The long-term objective is to determine which currently-accepted test method allows for a better evaluation of heat delamination characteristics of adhesives used in structural engineered wood products, based on their actual end-use applications (e.g. bending, compression, combined stress, etc.) and their inherent manufacturing characteristics (e.g. cross-plies, etc.)
The main objective of this study is to evaluate the heat release rate and fire growth contribution due to heat delamination characteristics of CLT manufactured with four types of adhesives used for face bonding, when exposed to a constant radiant heat flux. The evaluation is performed using the principles of ISO 5660-1 “Reaction-to-fire tests - Heat release, smoke production and mass loss rate – Part 1: Heat release rate (cone calorimeter method)”. The American version of this test method is ASTM E1354 « Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter ».
The long-term objective is to determine which currently accepted test methods allow for the most suitable evaluation of heat delamination characteristics of adhesives used in structural engineered wood products, based on their actual end-use applications (e.g. bending, compression, combined stress, cross-plies, etc.).
The objective of the current project is to develop a performance-based design process for wood-based design systems that would meet the objectives and functional statements set forth in the National Building Code of Canada.
More specifically, this report discusses the fire and seismic performance of buildings, as identified as a priority in a previous FPInnovations report.