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Ash and biosolids spreading trial

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3495
Author
Nishio, Grant
Ersson, Tomas
Date
June 2016
Edition
40182
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
, such as those identified in this report, ground-based machinery is not commonly used in Canadian forestry
Author
Nishio, Grant
Ersson, Tomas
Date
June 2016
Edition
40182
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
18 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Forestry
Series Number
Report
Language
English
Abstract
FPInnovations conducted a ground-based ash and biosolids spreading trial in Quebec. One treatment used a horizontal spinner as a spreading method and the other treatment used a line-dumping method. The trial showed that deflector plates helped to increase spreading uniformity. The trial results were also used to create a costing model that calculates productivity and the costs of spreading ash or biosolids using the two application methods.
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Le contrôle des moisissures avant et après séchage

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub49652
Author
Gignac, Manon
Date
2016
Material Type
Research report
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
Author
Gignac, Manon
Date
2016
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
36 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
Research Area
Advanced Wood Manufacturing
Subject
Fungi
Wood
Wood fungi
Forestry
Drying
Prevention
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
French
Abstract
Pour différentes raisons, les moisissures représentent un défi constant lors de la production de bois résineux et feuillus : santé, environnement, qualité et stratégies de production. Elles sont aussi une préoccupation constante pour les consommateurs et à l’origine de réclamations qui peuvent être très coûteuses pour les producteurs. Un sondage en 2014 dans l’Est du Canada révélait qu’en moyenne les coûts annuels liés à la détérioration biologique étaient de 60 000 $ par usine. Dans le cas d’une usine intégrée, spécialisée en transformation primaire et secondaire de feuillus et résineux, ces coûts avaient atteint près de 475 000 $ pour cette même année. Ces coûts sont liés à un ensemble de facteurs : modification du procédé, perte de productivité, réclamations, pertes de ventes (Gignac, 2015). Plusieurs facteurs peuvent contribuer au développement de moisissures dont la teneur en humidité du bois, les conditions climatiques et la durabilité naturelle propre à l’essence de bois. Avec les années, FPInnovations a acquis beaucoup de connaissances, accumulé beaucoup d’information, de données et de savoir-faire à travers ses projets de recherche et son soutien technique à l’industrie. En combinaison avec d’autres données disponibles dans la communauté scientifique, nous proposons de résumer l’information pertinente pour l’industrie et de la présenter sous forme de document de vulgarisation. Ce document se veut un outil simple et pratique pour le personnel de l’industrie de la transformation du bois afin de les soutenir dans la prise de décision concernant les stratégies d’entreposage, de séchage à l’air, séchage au séchoir, gestion du bois sec et transport jusqu’à sa destination finale, le consommateur. Ce document de référence regroupe les connaissances générales en lien avec les problématiques de moisissures.
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Contrôle électronique de la stabilité pour le transport forestier - survol

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub44234
Author
Hickman, Andrew
Date
February 2016
Material Type
research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hickman, Andrew
Date
February 2016
Material Type
research report
Physical Description
4 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Transportation Infrastructure
Subject
Transport
Roads
Trucks
Stability
Safety
Forestry
Series Number
InfoNote ; 2016 n.7 F
Language
French
Abstract
Le niveau de danger associé au transport forestier est extrêmement élevé. En 2014-2015, FPInnovations a répertorié plusieurs technologies commercialisées qui pourraient être adaptées aux opérations forestières. Leurs utilisations permettraient d’améliorer la sécurité et réduire les dangers auxquels sont exposés les conducteurs de camion ainsi que les autres utilisateurs sur les routes canadiennes et les routes d’accès aux ressources (Hickman, 2015). L’une des technologies mentionnées dans ce rapport est le contrôle électronique de la stabilité (CES), qui exige une attention immédiate, car elle sera obligatoire en 2017 pour tous les camions lourds aux États-Unis (National Transportation Safety Board, 2015). Transports Canada (2015) devrait rendre le CES obligatoire pour s’harmoniser avec les règles américaines. L’objectif de la présente note est donc d’explorer les implications de cette obligation sur les opérations forestières canadiennes. FPI a documenté le point de vue de différents intervenants ainsi que la technologie et les lacunes dans les connaissances qui doivent être comblées pour mettre en application ce système dans les opérations forestières.
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InfoNote2016N7Fx.PDF

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Les drones en foresterie: Le début d'une nouvelle ère?

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8277
Author
Mercier, Guyta
Cormier, Denis
Date
2016
Material Type
Technical note
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Mercier, Guyta
Cormier, Denis
Date
2016
Material Type
Technical note
Physical Description
2 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Drones
Operations
Forestry
Télédétection
Drone
Applications en foresterie
Inventaire
Suivi des opérations
Planification opérationnelle
Sécurité
Images 3D
Analyse multi-spectrale
Réglementation
Series Number
OT 233
Language
French
Abstract
This article is the first in a series of four on teledectection and research projects conducted at FPInnovations and Natural Resources Canada's Canadian Forest Service.
Abstract
Cet article est le premier d'une serie de quatre sur la teledectection et les projects de recherche sur le sujet effectues chez FPInnovations et au Services Canadien des Forets de Resources Naturelles Canada.
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Effectiveness of using skidders to reduce the depth of roadside chip piles during winter harvesting

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40232
Author
Nishio, Grant
Date
June 2016
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
and the insufficient regeneration of these areas, the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry now
Author
Nishio, Grant
Date
June 2016
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
16 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Forestry
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2016 n.27
Language
English
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Electronic stability control in forestry trucking applications - an overview

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub44233
Author
Hickman, Andrew
Date
February 2016
Material Type
research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hickman, Andrew
Date
February 2016
Material Type
research report
Physical Description
3 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Transportation Infrastructure
Subject
Roads
Transport
Stability
Safety
Forestry
Series Number
InfoNote ; 2016 n.7
Language
English
Abstract
The level of hazards associated with forestry transportation is extremely high. In 2014–2015, FPInnovations had identified several commercially available technologies that could be adapted to forestry operations to improve safety and reduce the hazards faced by truck drivers and the public travelling on Canada’s highways and resource roads (Hickman, 2015). One of the technologies identified in this report is electronic stability control (ESC), which requires immediate attention as it will be mandated in 2017 for all heavy-duty trucks in the United States (National Transportation Safety Board, 2015). Transport Canada (2015) is expected to make ESC mandatory to align with the mandate in the United States. Therefore, the scope of this note is to explore the implication of this mandate on Canadian forest operations. Different stakeholders’ perspectives are documented, and the technology and knowledge gaps that need to be addressed to implement this system in an off-highway application are identified.
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InfoNote2016N7.PDF

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Fire behaviour in black spruce forest fuels following mulch fuel treatments: a case study at Red Earth Creek, Alberta

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub6093
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Schroeder, Dave
Thompson, Dan
Date
October 2016
Edition
44254
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Hvenegaard, Steven
Schroeder, Dave
Thompson, Dan
Date
October 2016
Edition
44254
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
30 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Wildfires
Forestry
Fuel
Black spruce
Alberta
Density
Physical properties
Mulch
Forest fire
Crown fire
Wind
FOP Technical Report
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2016 n.42
Language
English
Abstract
Forest fuels engineering is one of the primary wildfire mitigation strategies advocated by FireSmart™ Canada and applied by partnering wildfire management agencies and industry operators. Fuel treatments have been extensively applied in and around communities in the wildland-urban interface, through a broad range of fuel modification techniques. A primary objective of fuel treatments is to modify fire behaviour to a ‘less difficult, disruptive, and destructive’ state (Reinhardt et al. 2008) which can allow for safer, more effective fire suppression operations (Moghaddas and Craggs 2007). Black spruce is one of the most prevalent fuel types surrounding communities in central and northern Alberta, as well as other parts of boreal Canada. The densely stocked black spruce forest stands in the Red Earth Creek FireSmart research area exhibit typical crown fuel properties of black spruce: high crown bulk density and low crown base height, which contribute to crown fire initiation (Van Wagner 1977). These fuel characteristics, combined with low fuel moisture contents and strong winds, create ideal conditions for high-intensity, rapidly-spreading catastrophic wildfire (Flat Top Complex Wildfire Review Committee 2012). Mulch fuel treatments use various types of equipment to masticate forest vegetation resulting in a reduction in crown bulk density and the conversion of canopy and ladder fuels to a more compacted and less available fuel source in the surface layer (Battaglia et al. 2010). Mulch thinning and strip mulch treatments create a more open surface fuel environment with both negative and positive impacts. Due to increased exposure to sun and wind flow, the chipped debris and other surface fuels in the open areas of the treatments dry more quickly than fine fuels in enclosed stands (Schiks and Wotton 2015). From a control perspective, the open thinned areas of the treatments allow more effective penetration of water/suppressant through canopy fuels to surface fuels (Hsieh in progress). Additionally, fine fuels at the surface of openings respond more quickly to water and suppressant application. Open areas of the treatments that have been wetted by sprinkler systems or aerial water delivery should reduce the potential for ignition and sustained burning, providing a potential barrier to fire spread. Experimental crown fires have been conducted to challenge fuels treatments in other forest fuel types (Schroeder 2010, Mooney 2013) to evaluate the efficacy of these treatments in moderating fire behaviour. Mechanical (shearblading) fuel treatments in black spruce fuels (Butler et al. 2013) have been shown to reduce fire intensity. However, documentation of crown fire challenging mulch fuel treatments in black spruce fuels is limited. Fire and fuels managers would like to evaluate the effectiveness of mulch fuel treatments in reducing fire intensity and rate of spread and, ultimately, their ability to mitigate wildfire risk to communities surrounding these hazardous fuels. Alberta Agriculture and Forestry (AAF) Wildfire Management Branch fuels managers designed the Red Earth Creek FireSmart research area with the objective of conducting research that will lead to a better understanding of mulch fuel treatments and how these changes in the black spruce fuel environment affect fire behaviour. On May 14, 2015, Slave Lake Forest Area personnel conducted an experimental fire at this site; FPInnovations and research partners collected data to document changes in fire behaviour.
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Laboratory trial to determine the potential of pre-seeded peat pellets for manual seeding

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40264
Author
Matute, Pamela
Date
November 2016
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
reforestation costs. Past studies have tested the use of seed pucks in forestry with promising results (Adams
Author
Matute, Pamela
Date
November 2016
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
11 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Forestry
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2016 n.44
Language
English
Abstract
FPInnovations’ members in the northern B.C. coastal region have expressed interest in looking for cost-effective ways to regenerate remote-access sites within their licenses. Many of the coastal sites in this area have difficult planting conditions due to remote mountainous terrain and helicopter-only or boat-only access. The logistical challenges associated with planting containerized stock (seedling ordering and delivery logistics, stock thawing and handling requirements, time constraints, etc.), coupled with the difficulty of access, make reforestation in these remote sites a cumbersome and costly operation. Manual seeding with “seed pucks” or “seed wafers” (seeds embedded in a compact growing medium) has been suggested as an alternative method of reforestation in remote areas. If successful, this method could simplify logistics and greatly reduce reforestation costs. Past studies have tested the use of seed pucks in forestry with promising results (Adams et al., 1990; Wennström, 2014). However, the potential of using this alternative method has not yet been explored in B.C. FPInnovations is exploring the concept with a series of laboratory and field trials, the first of which is described in this report.
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Log seasoning to add value to bioenergy operations

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40141
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
April 2016
Material Type
research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
April 2016
Material Type
research report
Physical Description
3 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Forestry
Series Number
InfoNote ; 2016 n.10
Language
English
Abstract
Roundwood biomass is a core component of the feedstock mix used by the 60 MWe biomass power boiler of Nova Scotia Power (NSP) facility in Point Tupper, Nova Scotia. The access to dry biomass in the winter time is critical to boiler efficiency. An 18 month roundwood storage trial was put in place in May 2014 to determine the influence of harvest season and storage period on moisture content (MC) of roundwood biomass in order to optimize feedstock quality delivered to NSP. Port Hawkesbury Paper (PHP), the major supplier of biomass for the power plant was the main project collaborator for the duration of the trial providing biomass, machinery and labor for sampling.
Documents

InfoNote2016N10.pdf

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LoraWan test results

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40185
Author
Markou, Dimitri
Date
March 2016
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Markou, Dimitri
Date
March 2016
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
10 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Transportation Infrastructure
Subject
Forestry
Radio frequency
Electronics
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2016 n.30
Language
English
Abstract
Establishing communication infrastructure for internet or telephone access in remote locations is a difficult and expensive process. The forest industry lacks the level of capital that other resource sectors such as oil and gas have to construct cell phone towers or to establish satellite connections. As well, forest operations are constantly on the move which demands more extensive traditional networks. A potential solution to this issue is Low-Power Wide-Area Network (LPWAN) communications, which is exactly what the name suggests, a low power long range wireless network solution. LoRaWAN networks are a type of LPWAN developed for the Internet of Things. There are solutions available which can reach between a range of 12 km to 15 km , which consume only 100 mW of power (Semtech, 2016). The LoRa system usually takes on a star-of-stars topology, where a long range WiFi router called a gateway backhauls an internet connection to endpoints which are called LoRa modules as shown in Figure 1. These modules can be integrated into circuits for a multitude of uses such as GPS and data sharing. The modules are capable of transmitting and receiving data to and from the gateway (Poole). While this system consumes very little power and can create a long range network, the trade-off is the low data rate. Typical Wi-Fi routers used in the average household has a data rate between 11 to 53 Mbps, while the LoRaWAN data rates are between 0.3 to 50 kbps (LoRa Alliance, 2016).
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19 records – page 1 of 2.