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Lateral load resisting systems for engineered wood construction

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub37955
Author
Popovski, Marjan
Date
March 2009
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Popovski, Marjan
Contributor
Canada. Canadian Forest Service.
Date
March 2009
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
149 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Wind loads
Wind
Loads
Joints
Grading
Design
Building construction
Midply
Series Number
Canadian Forest Service No. 27
W-2660
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
The main sources of lateral loads on buildings are either strong winds or earthquakes. These lateral forces are resisted by the buildings’ Lateral Load Resisting Systems (LLRSs). Adequate design of these systems is of paramount importance for the structural behaviour in general. Basic procedures for design of buildings subjected to lateral loads are provided in national and international model building codes. Additional lateral load design provisions can be found in national and international material design standards. The seismic and wind design provisions for engineered wood structures in Canada need to be enhanced to be compatible with those available for other materials such as steel and concrete. Such design provisions are of vital importance for ensuring a competitive position of timber structures relative to reinforced concrete and steel structures. In this project a new design Section on Lateral Load Resisting Systems was drafted and prepared for future implementation in CSA O86, the Canadian Standard for Engineering Design in Wood. The new Section was prepared based on gathering existing research information on the behaviour of various structural systems used in engineered wood construction around the world as well as developing in-house research information by conducting experimental tests and analytical studies on structural systems subjected to lateral loads. This section for the first time tried to link the system behaviour to that of the connections in the system. Although the developed Section could not have been implemented in CSA O86 in its entirety during the latest code cycle that ended in 2008, the information it contains will form the foundation for future development of technical polls for implementation in the upcoming editions of CSA O86. Some parts of the developed Section were implemented in the 2009 edition of CSA O86 as five separate technical polls. The most important technical poll was the one on Special Seismic Design Considerations for Shearwalls and Diaphragms. This technical poll for the first time in North America includes partial capacity design procedures for wood buildings, and represents a significant step forward towards implementing full capacity-based seismic design procedures for wood structures. Implementation of these design procedures also eliminated most of the confusion and hurdles related to the design of wood-based diaphragms according to 2005 National Building Code of Canada. In other polls, the limit for use of unblocked shearwalls in CSA O86 was raised to 4.8 m, and based on the test results conducted during the project, the NLGA SPS3 fingerjoined studs were allowed to be used as substitutes for regular dimension lumber studs in shearwall applications in engineered buildings in Canada. With the US being the largest export market for the Canadian forest products industry, participation at code development committees in the field of structural and wood engineering in the US is of paramount importance. As a result of extensive activities during this project, for the first time one of the AF&PA Special Design Provisions for Wind and Seismic includes design values for unblocked shearwalls that were implemented based on FPInnovations’ research results. In addition, the project leader was involved in various aspects related to the NEESWood project in the US, in part of which a full scale six-storey wood-frame building will be tested at the E-Defense shake table in Miki, Japan in July 2009. Apart from being built from lumber and glued-laminated timber provided from Canada, the building will also feature the innovative Midply wood wall system that was also invented in Canada. The tests are expected to provide further technical evidence for increasing the height limits for platform frame construction in North America.
Building construction - Design
Earthquakes, Effect on building construction
Glued joints - Finger
Grading - Lumber
Wind loads
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MIDPLY™ wall system : final report

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub5561
Author
Karacabeyli, Erol
Ni, Chun
Stiemer, S.
Fraser, Henley
Lungu, D.
Date
May 2000
Edition
37581
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
MIDPLY™ Shear Wall System Final Report (May 2000) ii Summary The MIDPLY
Author
Karacabeyli, Erol
Ni, Chun
Stiemer, S.
Fraser, Henley
Lungu, D.
Contributor
Science Council of British Columbia.
Date
May 2000
Edition
37581
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
61 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Midply
Wall strength
Walls
Mechanical properties
Joints
Design
Building construction
Series Number
W-1775
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
The MIDPLY™ Shearwall System has been developed by Forintek. The system is designed to provide superior resistance to earthquake and wind loads. The improved performance is achieved by rearrangement of wall framing components and sheathing used in standard shear walls. Possible applications of the system are a) platform-frame construction where additional lateral load capacity is needed (e.g., narrow shear walls next to garage and large window openings); b) post and beam construction (e.g., as an insert between posts and beams); c) seismic upgrading of existing structures; and d) manufactured housing systems directed at areas with high risk of earthquakes and hurricanes. The proof-of-concept for the MIDPLY™ wall system design and construction method was established through testing and analysis of full-scale test specimens subjected to monotonic (ramp), cyclic and dynamic displacement schedules. A commercialisation plan was developed and distributed to project collaborators. The MIDPLY™ wall system is currently being considered by a large Canadian construction company in the design of several multi-storey wood-frame buildings.
Walls - Tests
Walls - Strength
Building construction - Design
Joints and fastenings - Nailed - Tests
Documents
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MIDPLY™ wall system : final report

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub5787
Author
Karacabeyli, Erol
Ni, Chun
Stiemer, S.
Fraser, Henley
Lungu, D.
Date
March 2000
Edition
40031
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Karacabeyli, Erol
Ni, Chun
Stiemer, S.
Fraser, Henley
Lungu, D.
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service.
Date
March 2000
Edition
40031
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
67 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Midply
Wall strength
Walls
Mechanical properties
Joints
Design
Building construction
Series Number
Canadian Forest Service No. 20
Project No. 1517
Language
English
Abstract
The MIDPLY™ Shearwall System has been developed by Forintek. The system is designed to provide superior resistance to earthquake and wind loads. The improved performance is achieved by rearrangement of wall framing components and sheathing used in standard shear walls. Possible applications of the system are a) platform-frame construction where additional lateral load capacity is needed (e.g., narrow shear walls next to garage and large window openings); b) post and beam construction (e.g., as an insert between posts and beams); c) seismic upgrading of existing structures; and d) manufactured housing systems directed at areas with high risk of earthquakes and hurricanes. The proof-of-concept for the MIDPLY™ wall system design and construction method was established through testing and analysis of full-scale test specimens subjected to monotonic (ramp), cyclic and dynamic displacement schedules. A commercialisation plan was developed and distributed to project collaborators. The MIDPLY™ wall system is currently being considered by a large Canadian construction company in the design of several multi-storey wood-frame buildings.
Walls - Tests
Walls - Strength
Building construction - Design
Joints and fastenings - Nailed - Tests
Documents
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MIDPLY™ wall system : progress report

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub5540
Author
Karacabeyli, Erol
Ni, Chun
Stiemer, S.
Fraser, Henley
Date
March 1998
Edition
37484
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Karacabeyli, Erol
Ni, Chun
Stiemer, S.
Fraser, Henley
Contributor
Canada. Canadian Forest Service.
Date
March 1998
Edition
37484
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
24 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Midply
Wall strength
Walls
Mechanical properties
Joints
Design
Building construction
Series Number
Canadian Forest Service No. 22A;1517
W-1523
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
Full-scale test results of the MIDPLY™ wall system are presented along with the test results obtained on nailed joints with single and double shear planes. Research findings to date indicate that MIDPLY™ shear wall is a cost effective wall system, which has superior lateral load resistant capacity when compared to standard wood-frame shear walls. The effects of nail type and spacing, number of shear planes, panel type and thickness, vertical loads, exterior sheathing, and end stud configuration on the lateral load carrying characteristics of MIDPLY™ wall system are studied. Comparisons with the standard shear wall system are made. Based on the findings in the first year, a standard MIDPLY™ shear wall system is selected and will be used as the basis in the second year of this project. An industrial advisory group including two prefabricated home manufacturers, and a major wood products producer was established. A meeting of this group took place where key issues were discussed.
Walls - Tests
Walls - Strength
Building construction - Design
Joints and fastenings - Nailed - Tests
Documents
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