Au Canada, on prévoit que les changements climatiques auront une incidence considérable sur l'industrie forestière. Les routes d'accès sont particulièrement vulnérables aux effets immédiats et à court terme des changements climatiques. Des stratégies d'adaptation pour les routes d'accès et les infrastructures doivent être élaborées et leur mise en œuvre doit commencer, afin de s'assurer que les infrastructures routières nécessaires pour accéder à la forêt soient maintenues et résistent aux effets des changements climatiques. Ce rapport présente les risques et la vulnérabilité des routes d'accès aux changements climatiques, ainsi que des méthodes et pratiques recommandées pour s'y adapter.
The changes to climatic conditions in Canada are anticipated to have a significant impact on the Canadian forest industry. Resource roads are considered particularly vulnerable to the immediate and short-term impacts of climate change. Adaptation strategies for resource roads and infrastructure must be developed and implementation initiated to ensure that the road infrastructure required for forest access is maintained and made resilient to climatic impacts. This report presents the risks and vulnerabilities of resource roads to climate change and suggested adaptation methods and practices.
The management of resource road network infrastructure such as roads, bridges, culverts in a cost-effective manner while ensuring that the required performance needs are met can be a challenge. This report introduces the key concepts of asset management and provides an overview of many of the key factors to implementing a successful asset management plan.
Budgeting hleps you to plan and schedule your spending so you can take any necessary steps to obtain funding before a problem becomes critical. It can also hlep you identify potential improvements in the way you operate and wasy to save or invest your money. This document, prepared by FERIC provides an overview of this topic
Given the significance of resource roads, efforts are required to understand the implications of climate change in order to adapt roads and infrastructure to the potential impacts of these forecasted changes. The changing precipitation patterns and temperature regimes associated with climate change are expected to impact resource roads in ways that will affect the performance of the infrastructure. This is the first Info Note in a series of five focused on the key issues of creating climate resilient resource roads.
Developing and implementing adaptation practices that reduce the negative impacts and the vulnerability of resource road infrastructure to climate change needs to be a priority for resource road managers. The planning and design stage of a resource road represents the first opportunity where climate change adaptation strategies can be identified and implemented. This is the second Info Note in a series of five focused on the key issues of creating climate resilient resource roads.
The project Decision Aids for Durable Wood Construction underwent a major review with the hiring of a new project leader (O'Connor) in September 1998. In consultation with the project liaisons, the work on this project since its start-up in 1993 was examined, the primary task of developing a computer-based tool for the building industry was reconsidered, the context of worldwide research into building envelope moisture failures was reviewed, and a revised project plan was proposed.
Decision Aids was a self-contained project for its first three years, with efforts concentrated on knowledge acquisition, expert system experimentation and other foundation work for development of a computer tool. With a rise of interest in building envelope moisture failures across North America and elsewhere, Decision Aids activity shifted into a mode that was reactive to projects and events external to Forintek. This was necessary due to the level of effort external agencies, media and research labs were devoting to the topic. In particular, where the actions of outsiders began to have an influence on wood in construction, we found it critical to participate in order to ensure the fair and correct treatment of wood.
The new project leader was asked to review the project and either get the project back on its original track or suggest a redirection. The project goal, to assist end users in best application of wood, was determined to be sound. In addition, the project leader recommended that resources continue to be allocated to participation in outside research efforts and other related activities. However, it was recommended that the project objective to develop computer-based decision tools be reassessed. Instead, the project leader recommended a course of action focused on tasks both shorter in term and smaller in scope, which will enable Forintek to deliver results better tailored to the immediate needs of industry in a time of building envelope moisture failure "crisis."
The new project plan is split into two areas: 1) address building envelope moisture failures that are due to existing information not arriving in the right hands (i.e., a technology transfer problem); and 2) address building envelope moisture failures that are due to a lack of information (i.e., a research problem). The technology transfer area will create a formal plan for communication to the building industry, will enable Forintek to experiment with developing pathways to that new target audience, and will provide the means for the wood industry to provide helpful durability information to the public through a relatively neutral third party (Forintek). The research area will explore opportunities for limited scope experiments or collaborative field studies of wood system durability performance, with the intent of verifying or modifying codes, standards and best practice guides.
Galvanized steel (zinc coated) culverts have been used extensively as conduits for water management along resource roads. Practitioners have become accustomed to using galvanized culverts for many applications. There are, however, alternative coatings that may be better suited for local site and environmental conditions, thereby helping extend a culvert’s expected life. Although abrasion, culvert wall thickness, and coatings are all important considerations for determining the life expectancy of a culvert, this research note focuses on the site parameters identified in water samples that can be used as indicators to help avoid corrosion.