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Bridges & wildfire event: identifying information gaps in bridge protection in the context of resistance to wildland fire events

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8006
Author
Refai, Razim
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
BRIDGES & WILDFIRE EVENTS IDENTIFYING INFORMATION GAPS IN BRIDGE PROTECTION IN THE CONTEXT OF RESISTANCE
Author
Refai, Razim
Contributor
Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development (FLNRORD)
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Bridge
Fire
Protection
Structures
FPI TR
Wildfires
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.14
Language
English
Abstract
The Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development (FLNRORD) has asked FPInnovations to investigate current information and knowledge for bridge fire impact mitigation opportunities and strategies. The extent of the investigation includes reaching out to domestic and international contacts to find directly applicable information and literature on strategies to mitigate fire impacts to bridge structures. This will include review of academic journals and reports, products and methods, to find
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Bridges & wildfire event: identifying information gaps in bridge protection in the context of resistance to wildland fire events

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub19860
Author
Refai, Razim
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
BRIDGES & WILDFIRE EVENTS IDENTIFYING INFORMATION GAPS IN BRIDGE PROTECTION IN THE CONTEXT OF RESISTANCE
Author
Refai, Razim
Contributor
Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development (FLNRORD)
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Bridge
Fire
Protection
Structures
FPI TR
Wildfires
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.14
Language
English
Abstract
The Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development (FLNRORD) has asked FPInnovations to investigate current information and knowledge for bridge fire impact mitigation opportunities and strategies. The extent of the investigation includes reaching out to domestic and international contacts to find directly applicable information and literature on strategies to mitigate fire impacts to bridge structures. This will include review of academic journals and reports, products and methods, to find
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La coupe avec protection des petites tiges marchandes

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8069
Author
Mercier, Guyta
Date
2004
Material Type
Knowledge transfer
Field
Fibre Supply
protection des petites tiges marchandes Au Québec, l’intervention de récolte forestière la plus répandue en
Author
Mercier, Guyta
Date
2004
Material Type
Knowledge transfer
Physical Description
2 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Cutting
Stands
Coupes totales
Protection des petites tiges marchandes
Education de peuplement
Series Number
OT 58
Language
French
Abstract
Au Québec, l’intervention de récolte forestière la plus répandue en forêt résineuse est la coupe avec protection de la régénération et des sols (CPRS). Cette intervention consiste à récolter toutes les tiges marchandes (10 cm et plus au DHP) tout en protégeant la régénération préétablie et les sols. Pour ce faire, la machinerie forestière se restreint à emprunter des sentiers espacés de manière à limiter les superficies perturbées. Dans les peuplements à structure irrégulière ou étagée, la CPRS n’est pas toujours le traitement le plus approprié. Ces peuplements sont composés d’une portion variable de tiges ayant un diamètre à hauteur de poitrine (DHP) de 10 à 12 cm qui pourrait contribuer de manière significative au volume d’un peuplement futur. Ces petites tiges sont dispendieuses à récolter, elles diminuent le rendement en bois de sciage et elles ont peu d’influence sur le volume total récolté. Pour aménager adéquatement les peuplements à structure irrégulière ou étagée, la coupe avec protection des petites tiges marchandes (CPPTM) a été développée. La CPPTM ressemble à la CPRS, à l’exception que les tiges de 10 et 12 cm (parfois jusqu’à 16 cm) sont protégées. Ce traitement est actuellement pratiqué dans plusieurs régions et sera ajouté à la 4e édition du Manuel d’aménagement forestier. Le présent document traite de l’approche opérationnelle de la CPPTM avec la machinerie forestière utilisée au Québec.
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Evaluation of Trans-Gesco TG88C and Tigercat 635 grapple skidders working in central Alberta

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40596
Author
Kosicki, Kris
Date
2002
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Kosicki, Kris
Date
2002
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Understory protection
Skidders
Skidding
Productivity
Harvesting
Costs
Alberta
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 3, No. 37
Language
English
Abstract
FERIC monitored a trial of the Trans-Gesco TG88C and Tigercat 635 grapple skidders operations working in central Alberta. Harvesting was done in the summer on cutblocks designed to minimize road construction. Skidding distances were up to 1500 m. The productivity and cost of the skidding operation are presented, and the two machines are compared.
Trans-Gesco TG88C grapple skidder
Tigercat 635 grapple skidder
Harvesting
Skidding
Productivity
Costs
Alberta
Understory protection
Ecosystem management
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Fire code development, a literature review of North American and Chinese fire regulations related to wood frame buildings

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub53040
Author
Dagenais, Christian
Peng, Lei
Date
March 2014
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
providing an acceptable level of performance in regards to life safety to occupants and property protection
Author
Dagenais, Christian
Peng, Lei
Date
March 2014
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
32 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Performance
Building construction
Building materials
Codes
Canada
ISO
Fire protection
Standards
Language
English
Abstract
It can be observed from this review that most fire safety provisions are similar in nature, whether the Chinese, Canadian or American provisions are applied. However, the Chinese code seems to be slightly more restrictive than the North American building codes with respect to wood-use allowances.
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Gestion de l'orniérage excessif dans un contexte de changements climatiques = Managing excessive rutting in a changing climate

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8156
Author
Mercier, Guyta
Meek, Philippe
Date
2020
Material Type
Pamphlet
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Mercier, Guyta
Meek, Philippe
Date
2020
Material Type
Pamphlet
Physical Description
2 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Environmental impact
Rutting
Soft soil
Changements climatiques
Orniérage
Sols mous
Capacité portante faible
Dégel
Drainaige
Alternatives
Calcul des coûts
Concentration du débardage
Outil d'aide à la décision
Protection des sols
Series Number
OT 283
Language
French
Abstract
During harvesting operations, soft soils with a reduced bearing capacity are susceptible to the creation of ruts. These can have negative consequences by altering the natural drainage and compacting the compacting the soil, which can lead to a loss of site productivity. site productivity. In a context of heavy rainfall or winter thaw, this vulnerability is accentuated and vulnerability is increased and mitigation measures are required. With collaborators in Abitibi, FPInnovations has studied various alternative alternative practices and developed a cost calculation tool that allows the to choose the least expensive option to reduce the presence and severity of ruts. ruts and their severity.
Abstract
Lors des opérations de récolte, les sols mous, à capacité portante réduite, sont sensibles à la création d’ornières. Celles-ci peuvent avoir des conséquences négatives en modifiant le drainage naturel et en compactant le sol, ce qui peut entraîner une perte de productivité du site. Dans un contexte de pluie abondante ou de dégel hivernal, cette vulnérabilité s’accentue et des mesures d’atténuation sont nécessaires. Avec des collaborateurs en Abitibi, FPInnovations a étudié différentes pratiques alternatives et développé un outil de calcul des coûts qui permet de choisir l’option la moins onéreuse afin de diminuer la présence d’ornières et leur gravité.
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Harvesting mountain pine beetle-killed pine while protecting the secondary structure: a comparison of partial harvesting and clearcutting methods

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub36831
Author
Nishio, Grant
Date
April 2010
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
- tion, Understory protection, Harvesting, Partial cutting systems, Harvesting methods, Harvesting cost
Author
Nishio, Grant
Date
April 2010
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Understory protection
Systems
Stands
Residues
Regeneration
Productivity
Pinus
Partial cutting
Harvesting
Costs
British Columbia
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 12, No. 1
Language
English
Abstract
FPInnovations studied a series of four partial harvesting trials and one combined partial harvesting–clearcut trial over three years in the Prince George (B.C.) Forest District. The partial harvesting trials harvested pine trees killed by the mountain pine beetle while protecting the non-pine secondary structure. The purpose of protecting the secondary structure is to provide a viable stand that will enhance the mid-term timber supply in 15 to 50 years. This report provides the costs, productivity, and harvesting damage results of the partial harvesting and clearcutting treatments used in the fifth and final trial. The pre-harvest stand was stocked with non-pine trees before harvesting, but was not stocked following the partial harvesting treatment. Slightly more than one-third of the net block area was clearcut for roads, trails, and landings. The trial results suggest up to 23% of the harvested non-pine overstory could potentially have been protected.
Partial cutting
Mountain pine beetle
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Advance regeneration
Understory protection
Harvesting
Partial cutting systems
Harvesting methods
Harvesting cost
Productivity
Residual stand damage
Interior British Columbia.
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Harvesting mountain pine beetle–killed pine while protecting the secondary structure: trials to support a partial harvesting strategy for addressing the mid-term timber supply

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub36822
Author
Nishio, Grant
Date
October 2009
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
protection, Harvesting, Partial cutting systems, Harvesting methods, Cut-to-length, Motor manual method
Author
Nishio, Grant
Date
October 2009
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
24 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Understory protection
Systems
Stands
Residues
Regeneration
Pinus
Partial cutting
Harvesting
Costs
British Columbia
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 11, No. 17
Language
English
Abstract
In this FPInnovations–Feric Division project, we studied a series of partial harvesting trials in which the objective was to harvest all the pine trees while protecting the secondary structure in stands infested by the mountain pine beetle. The purpose of this type of treatment is to salvage the present value of the beetle-killed pine while preserving the existing secondary structure to provide a viable stand by the mid-term timber supply period (15 to 50 years from now). In this report, we provide the results from four trials in the Prince George (B.C.) Forest District using four different ground-based partial harvesting methods: a motor-manual (chainsaw) cut-to-length (CTL) method, a mechanized CTL method, a motor-manual full-tree method, and a mechanized full-tree method. Variations in pre-harvest stand attributes, harvesting equipment, and methodology resulted in differences in the total trail area, harvesting costs, and amount of secondary structure remaining undamaged in the residual stands. The results indicate that with an appropriate harvesting method and sufficient secondary structure present in the pre-harvest stand, it should be possible to harvest the mature pine trees and provide stands that will produce acceptable volumes of timber in the mid-term time period.
Partial harvesting
Mountain pine beetle
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Advance regeneration
Understory protection
Harvesting
Partial cutting systems
Harvesting methods
Cut-to-length
Motor manual method
Mechanized method
Harvesting cost
Residual stand damage
Interior British Columbia
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Impacts des changements climatiques sur les opérations forestières = Climate change impacts on forestry operations

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub8142
Author
Mercier, Guyta
Partington, Mark
Meek, Philippe
Date
2020
Material Type
Pamphlet
Field
Fibre Supply
et du transport, la protection des sols, la prévention des incendies et la récupération des bois
Author
Mercier, Guyta
Partington, Mark
Meek, Philippe
Date
2020
Material Type
Pamphlet
Physical Description
2 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Roads
Transporation
Climate
Erosion
Routes d'accès
Transport
Changement climatique
Redoux hivernaux
Traverses de cours d'eau,milieux humides
Sédimentation
Protection sols
Perturbations
Feux
Chablis
Epidémies
Récolte
Series Number
OT 277
Language
French
Abstract
Les changements climatiques ont un impact sur les opérations forestières, c'est indéniable. Que ce soit par des crues subites, des sécheresses, des redoux hivernaux ou des vents violents, ces événements affectent les opérations forestières de différentes manières. Ils sont problématiques pour le maintien des routes d'accès et du transport, la protection des sols, la prévention des incendies et la récupération des bois après perturbation. Les chercheurs de FPlnnovations ont examiné de plus près les impacts et proposent des mesures d'adaptation qui, pour la plupart, représentent des solutions innovantes.
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Survival zones for wildland firefighters: a case study at Vine Creek in Jasper National Park

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub19862
Author
Baxter, Greg
Thomasson, Jim
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Baxter, Greg
Thomasson, Jim
Contributor
Alberta Agriculture and Forestry (AAF)
Date
March 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Alberta
Fire
Fire protection
Heat
Protection
Temperature
Topography
FPI TR
Wildfires
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.13
Language
English
Abstract
Data was collected within a burned out area on a steep mountain slope as part of FPInnovations’s Survival Zone project. The fire was a prescribed burn carried out by Parks Canada in Jasper National Park. The data collected shows that in this one instance, that temperatures and heat flux values fell within survivable range for firefighters wearing PPE. This report does not condone firefighters above a fire on a steep slope, but rather this PB was used as a data collecting opportunity.
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13 records – page 1 of 2.