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An implementation guide for mechanized single-tree selection using 33-m trail spacing

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40741
Author
Meek, Philippe
Date
June 2006
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Meek, Philippe
Date
June 2006
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Tree lengths
Trees
Systems
Skidders
Sampling
Selection
Productivity
Hardwoods
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 7, No. 5
Language
English
Abstract
Harvesting with 33-m trail spacing was proposed by FERIC as a way to meet the quality criteria for single-tree selection in hardwood forests in Quebec's public forests. The approach is, however, applicable to any partial-cutting treatment in hardwood forests, and the method was studied in 16 operations in 2003-2004. The approach represents an acceptable compromise between protection of the residual stand and operating costs, as the productivity of the feller-bunchers using this method decreased only slightly as a result of increased travel. The operations that FERIC studied did not all meet the target quality criteria, but provided an adequate level of protection of residual stems. The method requires a certain degree of control to limit the felling of non-marked stems, and the use of evaluation criteria specially adapted to this method would facilitate its implementation.
Skid trails
Feller bunchers
Single-tree selection
Mechanical method
Productivity
Hardwoods
Tree-length systems
Delimbing
Cable skidders
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Basic procedures for sampling and analyzing woody biomass

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub3318
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Edition
39982
Material Type
Research report
Field
Bioproducts
PDF
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Attributes of Biomass Existing Standards for Sampling Biomass European Committee for Standardization (CEN
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Edition
39982
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
15 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Bioproducts
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Biomass
Bioenergy
Sampling
Physical properties
Moisture content
Particle size
Bulk density
Standards
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 15, No. 5
Language
English
Abstract
Biomass sampling and analysis play decisive roles in determining the characteristics and value of the woody biomass fuel used in bioenergy systems in Canada. Sampling and analysis standards help harmonize the procedures that are used to monitor biomass quality. Because there are no Canada- wide biomass sampling standards, facilities that produce and use woody biomass have developed and implemented in-house sampling procedures of varying degrees of complexity. Given that the use of woody biomass in Canada is predicted to increase, the ability to ensure the quality of biomass will become increasingly important in order to control costs and maximize system efficiency.
BIOMASS
Biofuels
Bioenergy
MOISTURE CONTENT
BULK DENSITY
Bark content
Contamination
ASH
Lignin
CARBOHYDRATES
EXTRACTIVES
Abstract
L’échantillonnage et l’analyse de la biomasse jouent un rôle décisif dans la détermination des caractéristiques et de la valeur des combustibles de biomasse ligneuse utilisés dans les systèmes de bioénergie au Canada. Les normes d’échantillonnage et d’analyse contribuent à harmoniser les méthodes utilisées pour évaluer la qualité de la biomasse. Il n’existe pas de normes d’échantillonnage pancanadiennes; les usines qui produisent ou utilisent la biomasse ligneuse ont donc élaboré et appliqué des méthodes d’échantillonnage maison de niveau de complexité variable. Comme on prévoit une augmentation de l’utilisation de la biomasse ligneuse au Canada, les compétences permettant de garantir sa qualité deviendront de plus en plus importantes pour limiter les coûts et maximiser l’efficacité des systèmes.
PDF
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Cost and productivity of alternative harvesting in B.C.’s interior wet-belt designed to maintain caribou habitat

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub36829
Author
Phillips, Eric
Date
March 2010
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Phillips, Eric
Date
March 2010
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
12 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Wildlife
Tree damage
Trees
Sampling
Selection
Harvesting
Growth
Costs
British Columbia
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 11, No. 27
Language
English
Abstract
This report documents the costs and productivities of group-selection harvesting of one-third of a stand in an old-growth cedar–hemlock forest in the interior wet-belt of British Columbia while preserving caribou habitat values. The group-selection harvesting was compared to clearcut and single-tree selection treatments. Harvesting costs were strongly influenced by the merchantability of the harvested stems and the criteria for selecting trees to be harvested. The single-tree selection had the lowest cost because of the selection criteria and merchantability while the group selection had the highest cost. The group selection treatment’s harvesting costs were about 22% greater than for the clearcut treatment.
Group selection
Single-tree selection
Clearcutting
Wildlife habitat
Caribou
Tree damage
Old-growth forests
Harvesting
Costs
Interior British Columbia
Cedar
Hemlock
Lichen
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Developing tools and techniques to streamline forest fuel sampling. Innovation and application in the Alkali Resource Management area

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub7810
Author
MacKinnon, Brandon
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
April 2020
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
 to  streamline forest fuel sampling:   Innovation and application in the Alkali Resource  Management area
Author
MacKinnon, Brandon
Hvenegaard, Steven
Date
April 2020
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
41 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Efficiency
Forestry
Fuel load
Sampling
FPI TR
FOP Technical Report
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2020 n.43
Language
English
Abstract
Evaluation  of  forest  environments  to  assess  fuel  loading  using  conventional  inventory methods is labour-intensive, time-consuming, and requires extensive training to be completed correctly. Fuels managers would like to apply simpler, less expensive fuel sampling methods and still maintain acceptable accuracy in fuel load measurements. FPInnovations  has  explored  different  fuel  sampling  techniques  that  may  be  applicable to the forest stands of central British Columbia. The photoload sampling technique  was  deemed  to  be  a  valuable  tool  that  can  be  enhanced  to  suitably  represent the forest fuels in Interior Douglas-fir environments and can be adapted to other fuel environments with appropriate amendments.
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Guide d’établissement d’un programme scientifique de contrôle de la qualité de la biomasse

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub19824
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Date
Octobre 2018
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
PDF
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Biomass sampling? NO YES Driver issued a sampling bag and a label Truck proceeds to unloading
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Contributor
Nova Scotia Innovation Hub
Date
Octobre 2018
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
27 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Biomass
Quality control
Sampling
FOP Technical Report
Series Number
FO Rapport Technique; RT 2018 N 42
Language
English
Abstract
Le présent rapport décrit divers outils statistiques de CQ et en fait la démonstration à l’aide d’exemples de données sur le taux d’humidité de la biomasse. Ces outils peuvent être développés à l’interne ou achetés, mais il est recommandé de les intégrer aux bases de données actuelles (p. ex., LIMS). Les experts de FPInnovations peuvent aider à établir un programme de CQ adapté à une entreprise ou à un produit de biomasse et former les équipes de CQ en vue du développement et de l’utilisation des outils présentés ici.
PDF
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Guide to developing a science-based biomass quality control program

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub52656
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Date
October 2018
Material Type
Guide
Research report
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
PDF
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also include a well-designed QC plan and sampling protocol, statistical process control
Author
Marinescu, Marian
Contributor
Nova Scotia Innovation Hub
Date
October 2018
Material Type
Guide
Research report
Physical Description
26 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Wood Manufacturing & Digitalization
Research Area
Advanced Wood Manufacturing
Subject
Biomass
Quality control
Sampling
FOP Technical Report
FPI TR
Series Number
Technical Report ; TR 2018 n.42
Language
English
Abstract
To support the implementation of biomass procurement practices, a formal, rigorous, consistent, science-based biomass quality control (QC) program is needed. This program should be designed to determine customer needs, the sources of product variation, and ways of eliminating or minimizing product variation as soon as it occurs. The program should also include a well-designed QC plan and sampling protocol, statistical process control methodologies and tools, formal QC teams, and regular training. This report describes various statistical QC tools and demonstrates those using examples of biomass moisture content data. These tools can be developed in-house or be purchased, but their integration with existing databases (e.g., LIMS) is recommended. FPInnovations experts can assist in developing customized QC programs for companies and for specific biomass products, and can train QC teams to develop and use the tools presented here.
PDF
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Helicopter logging on the Queen Charlotte Islands: productivities and costs of a Sikorsky S-64E Skycrane in clearcuts, patch cuts and single-tree selection cuts

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40634
Author
Krag, Ray
Evans, Craig
Date
July 2003
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Krag, Ray
Evans, Craig
Date
July 2003
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
40 p
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Trees
Stands
Sampling
Selection
Residues
Productivity
Partial cutting
Logs
Helicopter
Costs
British Columbia
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 4, No. 19
Language
English
Abstract
In 1992 the Forest Engineering Research Institute of Canada (FERIC) studied a heavy-lift helicopter logging operation on the Queen Charlotte Islands in British Columbia. The study was part of a Fish-Forestry Interaction Program project to investigate the feasibility of using alternative harvesting and silvicultural systems to harvest timber from potentially unstable terrain. The study provided information on the productivities and costs of helicopter logging in clearcuts, patch cuts, and single-tree selection cuts, using a Sikorsky S-64 Skycrane equipped for choker logging. Information on basal area removal levels, damage to residual stems, and ground disturbance was also collected. Production and cost functions were derived from detailed-timing and shift-level data to predict helicopter yarding productivity and cost by harvesting treatment for yarding distances of 100 to 1 500 m.
Helicopter logging
Sikorsky S-64E skycrane
Partial cutting
Clearcuts
Patch cutting
Single-tree selection
Productivity
Costs
Ground disturbance
Residual stand damage
Coastal British Columbia
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Helicopter logging with the Bell 214B: group and single-tree selection in low-volume coastal cedar stands

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40649
Author
Dunham, Michelle T.
Date
November 2003
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Dunham, Michelle T.
Date
November 2003
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
19 p
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Trees
Sampling
Selection
Productivity
Logs
Helicopter
Costs
British Columbia
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 4, No. 33
Language
English
Abstract
The Forest Engineering Research Institute of Canada (FERIC) studied a light-lift helicopter logging operation in low-volume cedar stands on the central coast of British Columbia. A Bell 214B helicopter was used to harvest group and single-tree selection units. This report presents productivity and cost information for the helicopter logging operation, and discusses factors affecting the efficiency of the operation.
Helicopter logging
Bell 214B
Group selection
Single-tree selection
Productivity
Costs
Coastal British Columbia
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Humidimètres pour la biomasse

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39765
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2014
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2014
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
17 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Biomass
Moisture content
Sampling
Measurement
Heat
Advantage
Series Number
Avantage ; Vol. 14, No. 5
Language
English
ISSN
14933381
Abstract
One of the challenges to the use of biomass in heat applications is to find a suitable technology to take quick and accurate moisture content (MC) measurements of comminuted forest biomass. In this study, we tested three difference technologies (electric, nuclear and infrared) and five different tools. Of the three technologies tested, electric is the most promising. It is usually inexpensive (<$1000), requires small-sized samples (10 L), is fast to read (<1 minute) and is relatively accurate with more than 70% of measurements within 5% MC of the oven-dried method.
BIOMASS
MOISTURE CONTENT
TECHNOLOGY
ELECTRIC ANALYZERS
NUCLEAR RADIATION
INFRARED DETECTORS
ACCURACY
MEASUREMENT
TIME
Sample size
Abstract
L’une des difficultés associées à l’utilisation de la biomasse forestière broyée pour produire de la chaleur consiste à trouver une technologie convenable pour prendre rapidement des mesures précises de la teneur en humidité (TH). Pour la présente étude, nous avons mis à l’essai trois technologies (électrique, nucléaire et infrarouge) et cinq appareils différents. Parmi les trois technologies, c’est la technologie électrique qui est la plus prometteuse. Les appareils sont généralement peu coûteux (< 1000 $), nécessitent des échantillons de petite taille (10 L), donnent les résultats rapidement (<1 minute) et sont relativement précis, plus de 70 % des mesures se situant à plus ou moins 5 % de la TH obtenue par la méthode de séchage à l’étude.
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Measuring the moisture content of wood chips with Troxler's DMG 4302 nuclear probe

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40587
Author
Nader, Joseph
Date
2002
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Nader, Joseph
Date
2002
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
2 p.
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
Chips
Wood
Sampling
Advantage
Series Number
Advantage ; Vol. 3, No. 26
Language
English
Abstract
FERIC's trials demonstrated that the Troxlerr DMG 4302 nuclearr probe permits rapid and accurate measurement of the moisture content of wood chips. In addition, it can be used year-round, either independently or integrated within an automated sampling system.
Troxler DMG 4302
Moisture content
Wood chips
Sampling
Nuclear probe
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15 records – page 1 of 2.