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Analyse de la compétitivité et du positionnement des produits isolants faits à partir de fibres de bois en Amérique du Nord

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub2708
Author
Lavoie, P.
Date
January 2010
Edition
39314
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Lavoie, P.
Date
January 2010
Edition
39314
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
50 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Market Analysis
Subject
United States (USA)
Building materials
Canada
Markets
Series Number
Programme des technologies transformatrices ; Projet no 201000339
201000339
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
French
Abstract
La tendance vers la construction verte est en croissance fulgurante depuis les dix dernières années. On estime que le marché de la construction verte représente environ 5 % du marché actuel de la construction. La majorité des bâtiments conçus ou construits dans une perspective environnementale se situent dans les secteurs non-résidentiel ou multifamilial. C’est dans ce contexte que nous nous sommes intéressés à la possibilité de développer et vendre des isolants faits à partir de bois; un matériau généralement reconnu pour ses vertus écologiques. La principale application ciblée dans le rapport est les cavités murales. Ce rapport se présente en cinq (5) principales sections :
Marché : Le marché mondial pour les produits isolants est énorme. Il est estimé à plus de 190 milliards de pi² base R-1. Près de 70 % de ce total est destiné au marché de la construction qui comprend la construction résidentielle (45 %) et non-résidentielle (23 %). La majorité des isolants consommés à l’échelle mondiale sont utilisés en Amérique du Nord et en Europe de l’Ouest. De manière générale, le marché est dominé par les mousses plastiques et la fibre de verre. Le marché pour les isolants autres (alternatifs) oscille entre 2 et 6 % en fonction des marchés dont il est question. Cette proportion est généralement plus élevée dans la réparation et la rénovation que dans la nouvelle construction. Il existe des variations régionales qui sont documentées dans le présent rapport.
Structure industrielle : Les isolants sont des produits dont la valeur unitaire est relativement faible. Il est par conséquent difficile de livrer ces produits sur de grandes distances. La majorité de la production mondiale se fait dans les deux grands marchés mondiaux soit l’Amérique du Nord et l’Europe de l’Ouest. Le tiers du marché (33 %) est dominé par cinq grandes entreprises qui opèrent plusieurs divisions. Elles sont : St-Gobain, Rockwool, Owens Corning, Johns Manville et Knauf. Il faut dire que les produits dominant actuellement le marché nécessitent d’importants investissements en capitaux. Ceci explique, en partie, cette concentration du marché au chapitre de la production.
Politiques et réglementations : Cette section documente les grandes tendances qui risquent d’affecter la demande pour les produits isolants. L’augmentation des coûts de production des mousses pourrait offrir des opportunités pour d’autres produits. Les exigences relatives aux émissions de gaz à effet de serre pourraient jouer en faveur des isolants faits à partir de bois. Les politiques de réutilisation des matières résiduelles présentent des opportunités quant à l’utilisation de ces résidus pour fabriquer des isolants. La hausse des exigences de performance énergétique exigera l’amélioration des produits communément utilisés ainsi que des innovations à partir des matériaux moins fréquemment employés.
Performance environnementale : Cette section montre que les produits isolants à base de bois peuvent contribuer à l’obtention de 8 à 9 % des points pour les systèmes de certification LEED et Green Globes. Il faut toutefois être conscient que l’isolant représente une petite proportion des matériaux entrants dans la construction d’un immeuble (<1 % en valeur). Ceci démontre l’intérêt, du point de vue de la construction verte, à développer des produits qui ont d’autres fonctions que simplement celle d’isoler.
Comportements et exigences d’achat : Des entrevues exploratoires auprès d’architectes et autres utilisateurs d’isolant ont démontré un intérêt pour des produits plus verts. Les principaux facteurs intervenant dans la sélection du matériau isolant sont sa résistance thermique, son coût et la familiarité avec le produit. Les produits isolants conventionnels ne reçoivent que très peu d’intérêt de la part des architectes. L’isolant n’est pas perçu comme étant très innovateur (c’est plus ou moins une commodité) et a peu d’incidence sur le concept (esthétique ou fonctions) du bâtiment. Une des tendances qui semble poindre actuellement à l’horizon est celle des isolants qu’il est possible d’agrafer par l’extérieur du bâtiment. Les autres sections du document présentent le contexte dans lequel le projet s’est exécuté (contexte, objectifs, équipe de projet, etc.) et font état des conclusions à retenir (discussion et conclusions). Les propriétés et caractéristiques générales des différents matériaux isolants sont présentées en annexe. Cette section complémentaire recense des exemples de produits pour chacun des principaux types de matériaux utilisés sur le marché incluant la fibre et la laine de bois. Les informations colligées dans le cadre de ce projet permettent d’établir ces constats généraux :
À court et moyen terme, les principaux marchés pour l’isolant fait à partir de bois sont le marché non-résidentiel et multifamilial.
Le positionnement du produit isolant bois devrait être du côté des produits verts ou respectueux de l’environnement. Il ne s’agit pas d’un matériau dont la performance surpasse les matériaux communément utilisés.
Pour profiter pleinement de ce positionnement stratégique, le(s) produit(s) développé(s) devrai(en)t : o Incorporer d’autres fonctions (pare-air, pare-vapeur, pare-feu, revêtement structural extérieur, parement extérieur, structure, etc.). o Utiliser des matériaux issus de la démolition d’immeubles existants, fibres agricoles et autres intrants avec une faible empreinte écologique. o Être analysés objectivement par l’entremise d’une analyse de cycle de vie. La conclusion du rapport soulève certaines avenues de recherche pour les années à venir. Parmi celles-ci, on note les pistes suivantes :
Meilleure connaissance des types de construction les plus susceptibles d’utiliser des isolants verts faits à partir de bois.
Critères (incluant le prix et spécification de produit) recherchés par les différents utilisateurs.
Identification des marchés industriels (pas liés à la construction) susceptibles d’être réceptifs à des produits à base de bois.
Potentiel d’utilisation des matériaux de différentes sources (récupération, agricole, etc.) dans la fabrication de produits isolants.
Développement des propriétés (ex. : résistance à la compression) et des procédés.
Insulation
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An analysis of the North American home siding market

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub1257
Author
Tabarsi, E.
Date
May 2004
Edition
37714
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Tabarsi, E.
Contributor
Canada. Canadian Forest Service.
Date
May 2004
Edition
37714
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
76 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Market Analysis
Subject
United States (USA)
Siding
Canada
Markets
Series Number
Canadian Forest Service No. 34;3918
W-2089
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
In this study builders and professional repair and remodellers were given a chance to evaluate 12 of the most common home siding products available in the market today. The products were evaluated on seven different attributes: price, maintenance, installation, attractiveness, status/image, fire resistance, and durability. Overall, fire resistance, attractiveness, and maintenance were selected as the most important product attributes by single-family homebuilders and repair & remodellers. The majority of respondents stated that their customers had a strong influence on their final choice of siding materials. In addition respondents were asked for their opinion regarding product popularity, rate of installation, substitution trends, and their choice of siding products for different categories of homes.
Siding
Markets - North America
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An assessment of market opportunities for western Canadian aspen in the United States, Japan and Europe

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub4486
Author
Gaston, Chris
Date
July 2002
Edition
41271
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Gaston, Chris
Date
July 2002
Edition
41271
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
68 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Market Analysis
Subject
United States (USA)
Populus tremuloides
Populus
Markets
Canada
Japan
Aspen
Series Number
W-1896
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
This study is a preliminary investigation of market demand for Western Canadian aspen in three major market places, the United States, Japan and Western Europe. As a preliminary investigation, there was no attempt to statistically characterize specifier populations. Rather, through consultations with industry, combined with the author's personal experiences, potential specifiers were identified and selectively interviewed. This process included aspen lumber/boards at various grades, edge-glued panels, veneer, plywood, and laminated veneer lumber. Both structural and non-structural applications were considered.
Populus tremuloides
Markets - United States
Markets - Japan
Markets - Europe
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Builder perceptions of wood and non-wood products in the U.S. top 20 metro housing areas

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub2671
Author
Robichaud, F.
Date
March 2010
Edition
39270
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Robichaud, F.
Date
March 2010
Edition
39270
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
106 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Market Analysis
Subject
United States (USA)
Materials
Markets
Building construction
Series Number
General Revenue Project No. 201000907
W-2751
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
This project looks at the preferences for structural wood products within the top 20 residential homebuilding markets in the United States. A first objective was to document the attributes demanded by homebuilders in structural floors, walls and decking applications. The project further characterizes the performance of wood, steel, and concrete on these demanded attributes. The study was completed into two subsequent steps. The first step was a quantitative survey of an average of 50 builders per market in the Top 20 markets. The second step included focus groups with homebuilders in four of these markets: Philadelphia, Chicago, Phoenix, and Denver. Results show that wood products continue to be under pressure from the growth of concrete in wall and floor systems. While the basis for growth in the use of concrete was traditionally found in the U.S. South, this survey points out that western and northern cities of the United States may become susceptible to the growth of concrete slab floors. The intended future use of concrete in walls was also high in some Northern jurisdictions such as New-York, Minneapolis, Washington, and Philadelphia, indicating a possible spread of concrete use in walls in some markets which traditionally relied on wood. However, the discussions with builders in Chicago and Philadelphia tempered this threat, as most of participants to the focus groups were much relying on wood for their projects. Nevertheless, the survey shows that, according to homebuilders, concrete significantly outperforms wood on durability, strength/structural integrity, and acoustic performance. Two of these attributes (durability and strength/structural integrity) are among the Top 3 important attributes in both floor and wall applications. With that said, it is important to point out that wood obtains a high score on the performance scale for both these attributes, despite the difference with concrete. These attributes may guide the development of future wood based products and building systems. On code acceptance, wood also scores high on the performance scale, and is at least equal with concrete. Wood based sheathing (OSB, Plywood and Fiberboard) detain over 85% of the market in 17 of the 20 metro areas. However, foam and kraftboard sheathing have gained some importance in selected markets. In Chicago, the market share of foam and kraftboard together even reaches 24%. When comparing the performance of wood-based sheathing with foam-based sheathing, plywood and OSB are significantly thought superior to foam for strength, structural integrity, resistance to jobsite damage, environmental friendliness, and code acceptance. Foam is said to perform better than OSB or Plywood for both acoustics and energy performance. As a result, acoustics and energy performance in sheathing applications prove to be valuable paths for product development. This was confirmed in focus groups sessions. Most generally, builders interviewed for the discussion sessions expressed the need for new products addressing their concerns. In focus group sessions, labour issues came out as one of these concerns (except in Chicago). Especially, the current housing downturn has forced many trades out of the homebuilding sector, and most builders met fear that there will be a severe shortage of qualified labour once the housing market rebounds. Other issues that builders actively pursue include a combination of insulation and structural properties for sheathing (confirmed by the quantitative research), low maintenance and low call-back products, and ease of installation. From the discussion sessions, there is also room for new insulation products. Composite decking has captured at least 20% market share in 12 of 20 of the metro areas. The highest market shares are found in Denver (71%), Washington (50%), Seattle (45%), and Philadelphia (40%). Clearly, composite decking now offers the greatest competition to wood in decks. This is shown by the satisfaction measures of decking materials which are greater for tropical hardwood and composite/plastic lumber than for wood, treated or not. Composite materials seemingly suit better the most demanded attributes, including durability, appearance, and longevity. The importance of low maintenance was further confirmed through the focus groups.
Building construction - Materials used
Markets - United States
Decking - Markets
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Builders' needs in the 20 U.S. homebuilding markets of the Case Shiller Index

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub2776
Author
Robichaud, F.
Date
March 2012
Edition
39394
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Robichaud, F.
Date
March 2012
Edition
39394
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
25 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Market Analysis
Subject
United States (USA)
Materials
Building construction
Series Number
Future Focus No. TT1.1.09
E-4734
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
This project relied upon a survey of 562 homebuilders in the 20 U.S. metro areas of the Case Shiller Index;
Objectives were to uncover homebuilders’ needs in insulation materials, wall sheathing, studs, floor joists, roof systems, and prefabricated walls. Other objectives were to monitor the substitution of wood products at the metro level;
In insulation products, most important builders’ needs are improving R value and improving water tightness of the envelope;
In wall sheathing, the most important need is to improve the water tightness of the envelope;
For studs, the most important needs are to increase straightness and to decrease both lumber sorting and rejection on site;
For floor joists, the most important needs are to improve the product to reduce floor squeaks and to improve the product to ease the installation of ducts, plumbing and wires;
In roof systems, the most important need is to improve products to make attic space available;
In prefabricated walls, the most important needs are to reduce the time delay between order and delivery, and to ease the process of making plans changes when using prefab walls;
24% of respondents feel that the use of concrete as a primary structural floor material will increase greatly or somewhat. 56% think that the product to be used is poured concrete over steel deck, 44% think it will be precast/prestress panels;
20% of respondents feel that the use of concrete as a primary structural wall material will increase greatly or somewhat. Poured (formwork) is the most often foreseen technology (50%) followed by blocks (masonry) at 27% and precast or prestressed panels at 23%;
Statistically, the expected future use of concrete has not changed overall between 2008 and 2011;
In wall systems, untreated wood products have gained much market share between 2008 (69%) and 2011 (88%). This was especially done at the expense of pressure treated wood products and concrete blocks;
In floor systems, untreated wood products have gained significant market share between 2008 (65%) and 2011 (80%). This gain was done at the expense of pressure treated products especially;
The use of OSB as a floor sheathing material has almost remained unchanged between 2008 (46% market share) and 2011 (47%). The market share for plywood in floor sheathing has shrunk from 29 to 26% over that period, while treated products (OSB or Plywood) have increased their share from 17% to 21%;
In wall sheathing, OSB has lost a few points in market share, from 57% to 55% between 2008 and 2011. Plywood, too, had a lost, from 18% to 16%. Products who have experienced small percentages of increase, albeit coming from a lower base in the market, are preservative/mold treated OSB, Radiant Barrier OSB, and Foam sheathing; and,
In decking materials, the rapid rise of market share for composite decking appeared to come to a halt. Between 2008 and 2011, the market share for this product category has been stable at some 29%. Meanwhile, the market share for both treated and untreated wood products has increased.
Building construction - Materials used - United States
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Compendium on forest feedstocks studies

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub40175
Author
Desrochers, Luc
Date
2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Fibre Supply
Author
Desrochers, Luc
Date
2013
Material Type
Research report
Sector
Forest Operations
Field
Fibre Supply
Research Area
Forestry
Subject
United States (USA)
Forestry
Chippers
Trailers
Biomass
Canada
Harvesting
Series Number
FO Compendium ; 2013
Location
Pointe Claire, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
Interactive index of research report summaries regarding forest feedstocks
Report availability varies depending on membership
Originally produced on CD
Documents

Compendium2013

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Consumer preferences for decking products : North America|Consumer perceptions of decking materials in Eastern Canada and the U.S. / Fell & Lum

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub5583
Author
Thomas, J.
Fell, David
Hansen, E.
Date
April 2004
Edition
37703
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Thomas, J.
Fell, David
Hansen, E.
Contributor
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service.
Date
April 2004
Edition
37703
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
24 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Market Analysis
Subject
United States (USA)
Canada
Materials
Series Number
Value to Wood No. FCC 5;4055
W-2067
Location
Vancouver, British Columbia
Language
English
Abstract
This study expands geographically on past work on material preferences for decks in Vancouver, Calgary, and Edmonton (Fell and Gaston, 2001). In the fall of 2003 over 1,300 consumers were interviewed at home shows in Toronto, San Diego, Atlanta, and West Springfield (MA). Preferences for deck materials, expected lifetimes, annual maintenance requirements, and price were evaluated using conjoint analysis which explores the tradeoffs consumers are willing to make to get the product that best suits them. This study differs in other aspects than region from the Fell and Gaston (2001) study. Most importantly, three years have passed since the last study. Since then decking, specifically that treated with CCA, has become a prominent issue in the media. At the same time redwood harvests are down and western redcedar entering the US faces duties. Finally, awareness of wood plastic lumber and its availability have increased. For these reasons major differences from the 2001 study were expected. It is interesting that after all the changes to the dynamics of the decking market since 2001, the basic desires of consumers remain the same. Consumers rate material type and expected lifetime of a deck to be the most important attributes. Price and maintenance requirements are secondary requirements. These results are almost identical to those seen in 2001. The practical implications of this result are that consumers appear willing to pay more and do more maintenance for a deck they expect to last longer. Where the most profound differences are to be found is with respect to material. In 2001 (Western Canada) treated wood was of almost equal preference to naturally durable wood, with wood plastic composites being viewed very negatively. Three years later treated wood has a negative perception, and wood plastic is perceived positively in all but one of the study cities. Naturally durable wood remains the material of choice overall. It was especially popular in Toronto. Toronto was the only city where wood plastic was had negative preference. In view of the 2001 results in Western Canada this may indicate that Canada as a country is less open to wood plastic composites than the US. Wood plastic was most positive in Massachusetts where it was preferred to naturally durable wood. Finally, treated wood was viewed least negatively in Atlanta and Toronto.
Decking - Materials used
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Evaluation of furniture retailer ordering decisions in the United States

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub42296
Author
Lihra, T.
Date
March 2005
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Lihra, T.
Date
March 2005
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
21 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Advanced Wood Materials
Subject
United States (USA)
Markets
Furniture
Series Number
General Revenue Report
E-3941
Location
Sainte-Foy, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
Furniture - Manufacture - United States
Furniture - Markets
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Fire performance requirements of non-load-bearing wood-frame in-fill walls in concrete/steel hybrid buildings. Part 1 - Literature review of International Building Code

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub39728
Author
Lu, Ling
Date
July 2013
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Lu, Ling
Contributor
Canadian Forest Service.
Date
July 2013
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
17 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Building Systems
Subject
Test methods
Walls
United States (USA)
Systems
Steel
Resistance
Hybrid
Building code
Alloy
Series Number
301006155
E-4817
Location
Québec, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
Related sections in the International Building Code (IBC) were reviewed regarding use of wood components in non-combustible buildings, and light-frame wood buildings or heavy timber buildings greater than 4-storeys in height. The highlights of this review are: a) Fire-retardant-treated (FRT) wood can be used in partitions when the required fire-resistance rating is not more than 2 hours. This includes all types and occupancy groups of Types I and II construction; b) FRT wood can be used in non-bearing exterior walls in Type I, II, III and IV construction; c) Wood components can be used in interior walls for Type III and IV construction; d) Wood components can be used in both interior and exterior walls for Type V construction. When a sprinkler system is installed according to NFPA 13 [1], it is possible to build a light-frame wood building or heavy timber building over 4-storeys according to the following provisions: a) Type IIIA 6-storey light-frame wood buildings using FRT wood for exterior walls for Occupancy group B (Business), H-4, and 5-storey light-frame wood buildings for Occupancy group F-2, H-3, I-1(Institutional), R (Residential), S-2; b) Type IIIB 5-storey light-frame wood buildings using FRT wood for exterior walls for Occupancy group R; c) Type IV (HT) 6-storeys timber buildings for Occupancy group B, F-2, H-4 and S-2; d) Type IV (HT) 5-storeys timber buildings for Occupancy group F-1, H-3, I-1, R, S-1 and U.
Non-Loadbearing
Wooden frame buildings
Walls - Fire resistance
CONCRETE
STEEL
Hybrid systems
Building codes - United States
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Homebuilder perceptions of interior wall framing materials

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/en/permalink/fpipub42194
Author
Robichaud, F.
Date
March 2003
Material Type
Research report
Field
Sustainable Construction
Author
Robichaud, F.
Contributor
Canada. Canadian Forest Service
Date
March 2003
Material Type
Research report
Physical Description
18 p.
Sector
Wood Products
Field
Sustainable Construction
Research Area
Market Analysis
Subject
Walls
United States (USA)
Studs
Markets
Joints
Canada
Series Number
CFS Value-Added Report 3676
Location
Sainte-Foy, Québec
Language
English
Abstract
In 2002, for this study on interior wall framing materials, 329 North American homebuilders were surveyed. In addition, two focus groups made up of homebuilders were consulted in Toronto and Boston. The purpose of this study was to determine homebuilder perceptions of selected interior wall framing materials, while focusing on finger-jointed lumber, and to assess consumer awareness of the various grades of finger-jointed studs. In Eastern Canada, builders who shy away from lumber in interior wall framing tend to prefer steel. In Western Canada and in the Southwest United States, builders consider finger-jointed lumber to be an alternative material. Nonetheless, lumber is perceived as providing more structural integrity, being more accepted by framers and homebuyers, being more easily available, easier to install, and as having a lower installed cost than other framing materials such as finger-jointed lumber, structural composite lumber, steel studs, and prefabricated walls. Lumber is rated lowest by builders only in terms of wall straightness. However, because wall straightness is important to builders, they—particularly the larger builders—are increasingly considering alternative framing materials. The level of awareness of these alternatives varies among the North American regions studied. It is, not surprisingly, much lower in the regions where lumber use is higher. Finger-jointed lumber grades are also not very well known, although focus group participants identified stamping of the product as the main indication of reliability. This lack of awareness suggests there is a need for information, even for solid lumber, at all levels—homebuilder, framer, and homebuyer. Essentially, builders now seem more receptive to using or at least trying products that they would never have considered just ten years ago. Accordingly, they expect building materials suppliers to provide them with sound information and supporting data on the performance of their products.
Markets - United States
Markets - Canada
Walls
Framing
Studs
Glued joints - Finger
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41 records – page 1 of 5.