Two methods for producing hardwood logs were studied: semi-length to be bucked at the mill yard and clean logs cut at the stump. For a given tree, equal sawable material can be expected from the two The clean log method offers higher pulpwood recovery and does not leave any waste at the stump. The productivity of the clean log harvesting method was lower due to the fact that it was still a relatively new approach.
The Forest Engineering Research Institute of Canada (FERIC) undertook a project for Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) to study the transportation of hog fuel from source to consumption site. In particular, FERIC gathered information from companies engaged in the supply, transportation, or use of hog fuel through direct visits or questionnaires. This report presents the types and costs of the various modes of transportation used—specifically truck, rail, and barge—and the advantages and disadvantages of each.