Bison are an important resource and cultural value at the Heart Lake Indian Reserve north of Lac La Biche, and quality grass pasture is important to the success of the herd. A spruce and aspen stand was harvested in 1995, and regenerated to aspen. The Heart Lake Indian Band decided to convert this area to buffalo pasture. A burn was prescribed to remove the regenerating aspen and harvesting debris piles, and to allow the area to re-colonize with grass. FPInnovations monitored the burn to correlate pre-burn fuel loading and fire weather data with actual fire behaviour. Researchers revisited the site 3 years later to assess the long-term effectiveness of the burn treatment in killing the aspen.