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Using life cycle assessment to reduce environmental impacts in Canadian construction. A review of best regulatory practices

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub52901
Auteur
Grann, Blane
Mahalle, Lal
Date
March 2020
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Environment
Auteur
Grann, Blane
Mahalle, Lal
Date
March 2020
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
22 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Environment
Champ de recherche
Environment
Sujet
Building construction
Buildings
Canada
Construction
Environmental impact
Quality control
Qualitative analysis
Materials
Regulations
Série
Wood Products ; 2020
Localisation
Canada
Langue
English
Résumé
This report reviews life cycle assessment (LCA) based regulatory approaches that have been adopted in several countries to evaluate and improve environmental impacts of cosntruction products and buildings. Recommendations are provided for incorporating LCA into Canadian regulations (including the National Building Code of Canada), and for enhancing building LCA guidelines to address principles of consistency, simplicity, and representative data which can improve the effectiveness of LCA to achieve regulatory objectives. This work supports the project need of guidance for performance-based design to accelerate the introduction of wood-based systems. The findings of this review can be used to help accelerate the adoption of life cycle-based regulations for buildings and infrastructure in Canada.
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Temperature and moisture insensitive prediction of biomass calorific value from NIR spectra using external parameter orthogonalization

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub52660
Auteur
Hans, Guillaume
Allison, Bruce J.
Date
September 2018
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Hans, Guillaume
Allison, Bruce J.
Collaborateur
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service
Date
September 2018
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
27 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Biomass
Optimization
Spectroscopy
Temperature
Moisture content
Série
Transformative Technology ; TT 2018
Langue
English
Résumé
In the pulp and paper and biofuel industries, real-time online characterization of biomass gross calorific value (GCV) is of critical importance to determine its quality and price and for process optimization. Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy is a relatively low-cost technology that could potentially be used for such an application. However, the NIR spectra are also influenced by biomass temperature (T°) and moisture content (MC). In this paper, external parameter orthogonalization (EPO) is employed to remove simultaneously the influence of T° and MC on the spectra before predicting GCV. EPO is of particular interest when one desires to transfer information from one modeling experiment to another, such as when developing a calibration model for a new property from the same material, or when it would be more efficient to divide the experimental effort. EPO was found to be an effective method for desensitizing a PLS calibration model to the influence of T° and MC, enabling robust and accurate prediction biomass GCV. Partial least squares (PLS) regression models developed with EPO always provided equal or better performance than models developed without EPO. The paper shows that experimental efforts and costs can be reduced by approximately one half while maintaining prediction accuracy and model robustness.
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Extraction and economics of value-added chemicals from bark and forest biomass

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub40034
Auteur
Blanchard, Vincent
Yang, D.-Q.
Barry, A.
Date
March 2015
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Blanchard, Vincent
Yang, D.-Q.
Barry, A.
Date
March 2015
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
22 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Extractives
Bark
Biomass
Série
301009286
E-4930
Localisation
Québec, Québec
Langue
English
PDF
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Méthodes de base pour l’échantillonnage et l’analyse de la biomasse ligneuse

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub39994
Auteur
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
15 p.
Secteur
Forest Operations
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Building Systems
Sujet
Biomass
Bioenergy
Sampling
Physical properties
Moisture content
Particle size
Bulk density
Standards
Advantage
Série
Avantage ; Vol. 15, No. 5
Langue
English
Résumé
Biomass sampling and analysis play decisive roles in determining the characteristics and value of the woody biomass fuel used in bioenergy systems in Canada. Sampling and analysis standards help harmonize the procedures that are used to monitor biomass quality. Because there are no Canada- wide biomass sampling standards, facilities that produce and use woody biomass have developed and implemented in-house sampling procedures of varying degrees of complexity. Given that the use of woody biomass in Canada is predicted to increase, the ability to ensure the quality of biomass will become increasingly important in order to control costs and maximize system efficiency.
BIOMASS
Biofuels
Bioenergy
MOISTURE CONTENT
BULK DENSITY
Bark content
Contamination
ASH
Lignin
CARBOHYDRATES
EXTRACTIVES
Résumé
L’échantillonnage et l’analyse de la biomasse jouent un rôle décisif dans la détermination des caractéristiques et de la valeur des combustibles de biomasse ligneuse utilisés dans les systèmes de bioénergie au Canada. Les normes d’échantillonnage et d’analyse contribuent à harmoniser les méthodes utilisées pour évaluer la qualité de la biomasse. Il n’existe pas de normes d’échantillonnage pancanadiennes; les usines qui produisent ou utilisent la biomasse ligneuse ont donc élaboré et appliqué des méthodes d’échantillonnage maison de niveau de complexité variable. Comme on prévoit une augmentation de l’utilisation de la biomasse ligneuse au Canada, les compétences permettant de garantir sa qualité deviendront de plus en plus importantes pour limiter les coûts et maximiser l’efficacité des systèmes.
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Basic procedures for sampling and analyzing woody biomass

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub3318
Auteur
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Édition
39982
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Marinescu, Marian
Volpé, Sylvain
Desrochers, Luc
Roser, Dominik
Date
January 2015
Édition
39982
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
15 p.
Secteur
Forest Operations
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Building Systems
Sujet
Biomass
Bioenergy
Sampling
Physical properties
Moisture content
Particle size
Bulk density
Standards
Advantage
Série
Advantage ; Vol. 15, No. 5
Langue
English
Résumé
Biomass sampling and analysis play decisive roles in determining the characteristics and value of the woody biomass fuel used in bioenergy systems in Canada. Sampling and analysis standards help harmonize the procedures that are used to monitor biomass quality. Because there are no Canada- wide biomass sampling standards, facilities that produce and use woody biomass have developed and implemented in-house sampling procedures of varying degrees of complexity. Given that the use of woody biomass in Canada is predicted to increase, the ability to ensure the quality of biomass will become increasingly important in order to control costs and maximize system efficiency.
BIOMASS
Biofuels
Bioenergy
MOISTURE CONTENT
BULK DENSITY
Bark content
Contamination
ASH
Lignin
CARBOHYDRATES
EXTRACTIVES
Résumé
L’échantillonnage et l’analyse de la biomasse jouent un rôle décisif dans la détermination des caractéristiques et de la valeur des combustibles de biomasse ligneuse utilisés dans les systèmes de bioénergie au Canada. Les normes d’échantillonnage et d’analyse contribuent à harmoniser les méthodes utilisées pour évaluer la qualité de la biomasse. Il n’existe pas de normes d’échantillonnage pancanadiennes; les usines qui produisent ou utilisent la biomasse ligneuse ont donc élaboré et appliqué des méthodes d’échantillonnage maison de niveau de complexité variable. Comme on prévoit une augmentation de l’utilisation de la biomasse ligneuse au Canada, les compétences permettant de garantir sa qualité deviendront de plus en plus importantes pour limiter les coûts et maximiser l’efficacité des systèmes.
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Further development and commercialization of ultra-low density composites : investigation of the formulations impact on drying (I)

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub39877
Auteur
Zhang, Yaolin
Deng, James
Cai, X.
Date
June 2014
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Zhang, Yaolin
Deng, James
Cai, X.
Collaborateur
Canadian Forest Services
Date
June 2014
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
22 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomaterials
Sujet
Composites
Drying
Density
Packaging
Série
Transformative Technologies Program
Project no.301007944
E-4901
Localisation
Québec, Québec
Langue
English
Résumé
This study is a subtask under the “lab experiment on drying” project. This investigation consists to: 1) screen the main factors of the formulations impact on the drying process of the ultra-low density fiber composites (ULDC); 2) evaluate the effects of these main factors and try to optimize the formulations to shorten the drying process of ULDC; 3) have parameters for setting-up the new dryer.
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Development of lignin-based natural wood bio-protectant against fungal attack and checking

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub40005
Auteur
Yang, D.-Q.
Zhang, Yaolin
Date
March 2014
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Yang, D.-Q.
Zhang, Yaolin
Collaborateur
Natural Resources Canada.
Date
March 2014
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
36 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomaterials
Sujet
Lignin
Preservation
Fungi
Série
301008439
E-4923
Localisation
Québec, Québec
Langue
English
Résumé
Checking, mold and decay cause major problems for wood utilization and market value. About one third of wood products were used to replace old building materials that failed due to these problems caused by fungal infection. Products currently used for protecting wood materials from mold, decay and checking damages are mostly toxic chemicals. Development of a new generation of natural pesticides is urgently needed for meeting new regulatory requirements. Lignin produced by plants and chitosan from crustaceans have both natural antifungal and antibacterial properties. Combining both natural compounds to synergize a natural bio-protectant against molds, decay and checking is the major objective of this project. The approaches of this project include formulate lignin and chitosan into a harmonized coating mixture for using as a bio-renewable and eco-friendly bio-protectant against fungal infection in different applications such as:
End coating on logs and green lumber against fungal attack and checking;
Protective coating on wood siding materials against fungal infection and weathering. The results showed that chitosan and Kraft lignin are compatible. After mixing the 2 materials by stirring, it formed a homogenized brownish coating material without any precipitation. Fifteen formulations with different concentration and ratio of lignin and chitosan were evaluated. Based on the texture, color, uniformity, efficacy against fungi and economic criteria, 4 formulations were finally selected for the tests at 6% solid content of lignin: chitosan ratios of 2:1 & 1:1 and 9% solid content of lignin: chitosan ratios of 2:1 and 3.5:1. As a log end coating, the 4 formulations were tested to protect freshly-cut sugar maple and lodgepole pine against mold, stain and checking in an outside storage for 8 weeks. On both wood species, the effectiveness of the best lignin/chitosan coating formulation was similar or better than the currently used commercial chemical product Anchorseal. After exposure of lignin/chitosan coated or uncoated black spruce wood samples to a high humid condition for 2 weeks, the uncoated wood samples started to grow molds with 100% infection rate. Slight mold infection was found on wood samples coated with 3 formulations after 4 weeks and no mold growth was found on wood samples coated with 1 formulation (LC921) until the end of the test of 8 weeks. After exposure to the 4 lignin/chitosan formulations coated black spruce wood samples to white-rot and brown-rot fungi for 16 weeks, the formulations LC611 and LC921 were moderately resistant to decay, as effective as using currently chemical wood preservative by dipping treatment. The lignin/chitosan coatings were able to prevent wood fiber erosion, but they are photo degradable. However, the formulations LC611 and LC921, that contained 3% of chitosan, are more resistant to weathering than the formulations LC621 and LC972 that contained 2% of chitosan.
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Product Category Rules for North American Gypsum Boards FPInnovations – Gypsum PCR-2013: v1

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub39862
Auteur
FPInnovations
Date
September 2013
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Environment
Auteur
FPInnovations
Date
September 2013
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
55 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Environment
Champ de recherche
Environment
Sujet
Environment
Manufacturing
Langue
English
Résumé
The intended application of this product category rules (PCR) document is to provide a common set of specific rules, requirements and guidelines for developing ISO 14025 conformance Type III environmental product declarations (EPDs) for North American (NA) produced gypsum board products and to specify the underlying requirements of the Life cycle assessment (LCA) in conformance with The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 14040 series of LCA standards. The primary users of this PCR will be the Gypsum Association (GA) and its member companies. Other NA gypsum board manufacturers could use this PCR as well.
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Caractéristiques cruciales de la biomasse pour les applications les plus courantes en bioénergie et biocarburants

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub3102
Auteur
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Édition
39759
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Édition
39759
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
12 p.
Secteur
Forest Operations
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Building Systems
Sujet
Biomass
Bioenergy
Moisture content
Physical properties
Advantage
Série
Avantage ; Vol. 14, No. 3
Langue
French
ISSN
14933381
Résumé
Le présent document décrit les caractéristiques cruciales de la biomasse comme le format et la taille, la teneur en dumidité, la densité apparente, la teneur en feuillage/écorce, la contamination, la teneur en cendres, en lignine, en dydratesde carbone et en produitsd'extraction ainsi que la valeur calorifique pour les applications les plus courantes de production de bioénergie et de biocarburants : combustions directe, gazéification, pyrolyse, torréfacgtion, fermentation et densification. Le document est distiné aux professionnels de la foresterie, de la transformation du bois, des pâtes et papiers et de la biomasse qui cherchent de l'information de base sur ces caractéristiques essentielles.
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Carbon sequestration tool: Background and user guide: FPInnovations

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub3196
Date
January 2013
Édition
39856
Genre du document
Guide
Research report
Domaine
Environment
Date
January 2013
Édition
39856
Genre du document
Guide
Research report
Description physique
11 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Environment
Champ de recherche
Environment
Sujet
Environment
Série
W-3108
Langue
English
Résumé
FPInnovations commissioned the Athena Institute to develop a biogenic carbon calculation tool for use in Environmental Product Declarations, EPD’s, developed under their Product Category Rules, PCR, for North American wood products. Athena has developed two such tools to supplement two types of LCA studies. Cradle-to-gate: Cradle-to-gate LCA refers to those that begin in the forest “cradle” and end with the packaged product at the manufacturing “gate”. Business-to-business, B2B, EPD’s are developed form cradle-to-gate LCAs. Cradle-to-grave: Cradle-to-grave LCA includes the cradle-to-gate processes as well as the transportation to user, end-use, and end-of-life treatment or “grave”. Business to Consumer, B2C, EPD’s are developed from cradle-to-grave LCAs.
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Emission reduction and carbon credit methodologies in forest operations : a primer

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub39708
Auteur
Marinescu, Marian
Rittich, Cameron
Date
February 2013
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Environment
PDF
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Auteur
Marinescu, Marian
Rittich, Cameron
Date
February 2013
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
12 p.
Secteur
Forest Operations
Domaine
Environment
Champ de recherche
Forestry
Sujet
Test methods
Sample
Monitoring
Greenhouse gases (GHG)
Forest management
Emission
Carbon credits
Carbon
Canada
Advantage
Série
Advantage ; Vol. 13, No. 10
Langue
English
ISSN
14933381
Résumé
This primer introduces forestry and other professionals to current carbon offset methodologies and presents examples of guidelines for emission reduction and carbon offset activities that forest operations in Canada can implement. It also contains numerous references to carbon emission information.
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Introduction au méthodologies liées à la réduction des émissions et aux crédits de carbone dans les opérations forestières

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub39727
Auteur
Marinescu, Marian
Rittich, Cameron
Date
February 2013
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Environment
PDF
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Auteur
Marinescu, Marian
Rittich, Cameron
Date
February 2013
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
12 p.
Secteur
Forest Operations
Domaine
Environment
Champ de recherche
Forestry
Sujet
Test methods
Greenhouse gases (GHG)
Canada
Advantage
Série
Avantage ; Vol. 13, No. 10
Langue
French
ISSN
14933381
Résumé
Le présent document offre aux forestiers et autres professionnels une introduction aux méthodologies actuelles en matière de compensation de carbone et donne des exemples de lignes directrices pour les activités de réduction des émissions et de compensation de carbone qu’on peut appliquer dans les opérations forestières au Canada. Il contient aussi de nombreuses références pour de l’information sur les émissions de carbone.
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Critical biomass attributes of the most common bioenergy and biofuel applications

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub39735
Auteur
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Marinescu, Marian
Date
September 2013
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
12 p.
Secteur
Forest Operations
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Building Systems
Sujet
Biomass
Bioenergy
Moisture content
Physical properties
Advantage
Série
Advantage ; Vol. 14, No. 3
Langue
English
ISSN
14933381
Résumé
This primer presents critical attributes such as format and size; moisture content; bulk density; foliage/bark content; contamination; ash, lignin, carbohydrate, and extractive contents; and calorific value of the most common bioenergy and biofuel applications; direct combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, torrefaction, fermentation, and densification. The primer is aimed at forestry, wood processing, pulp and paper, and biomass professionals who are interested in basic information about these critical attributes.
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Études sur les coûts d'établissement des plantations à croissance rapide en milieu forestier

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub39761
Auteur
St-Amour, Michel
Date
Novembre 2013
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
St-Amour, Michel
Date
Novembre 2013
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
21 p.
Secteur
Forest Operations
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Building Systems
Sujet
Costs
Hybrids
Plantations
Productivity
Advantage
Série
Avantage ; Vol. 14, No. 7
Langue
French
ISSN
14933381
Résumé
Dans le cadre de son programme de technologies transformatrices, FPInnovations participe à un projet de recherche sur les sources de biomasse forestière de remplacement pour alimenter la bio-industries émergente. Une série d'études a été menée sur quatre différents sites au Québec puor déterminer la productivité, la qualité et le coût des différents traitements nécessaires pour l'établissement des plantations de peupliers hybrides en milieu forestier. Les études démontrent que les conditions de terrain et l'organisation du travail sont les facteurs qui ont le plus d'influence sur l'efficacité et le coût total des traitements.
Peuplier hybride
PLANTATIONS
Préparation de terrain
Monticules
Coûts
productivity
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Studies on establishment costs of fast-growing tree plantations on forest land

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub39808
Auteur
St-Amour, Michel
Date
November 2013
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
St-Amour, Michel
Date
November 2013
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
21 p.
Secteur
Forest Operations
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Building Systems
Sujet
Costs
Hybrids
Plantations
Productivity
Advantage
Série
Advantage ; Vol. 14, No. 7
Langue
English
ISSN
14933381
Résumé
As part of its Transformative Technologies Program, FPInnovations is taking part in a research project on alternate sources of forest biomass to supply the emerging bio-industry. A series of studies was conducted on four different sites in Quebec to determine productivity, quality and cost of various treatments required to establish hybrid poplar plantations on forest land. The studies showed that site conditions and work organization had the most impact on the effectiveness and total cost of treatments.
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Life cycle sustainability analysis sub-project of the Woody Biomass Innovative Project : a preliminary assessment

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub6017
Auteur
Mahalle, Lal
Berch, S.
Dymond, C.
Tedder, S.
Titus, B.
Todd, M.
Date
March 2013
Édition
42913
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
Auteur
Mahalle, Lal
Berch, S.
Dymond, C.
Tedder, S.
Titus, B.
Todd, M.
Collaborateur
Province of British Columbia.
Date
March 2013
Édition
42913
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
40 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Building Systems
Sujet
Test methods
Série
Technical Report 076
W-3015
Localisation
Victoria, British Columbia
Langue
English
Résumé
This preliminary study addresses the life cycle sustainability analysis subproject of the Woody Biomass Innovative Project, which proposed to assess the future bioenergy potential for British Columbia from a broad perspective that includes energy, greenhouse gas considerations and climate change, impacts on soil and biodiversity, and socio-economic sensitivities and to consider the need for guidance and policy development. This preliminary study reviews currently available assessment methodologies and proposes a framework for a life cycle sustainability assessment of current and emerging wood-based biofuel products used in three sectors (i.e., residential, institutional, and industrial) in British Columbia. In addition, this study defines data requirements and data availability for a detailed assessment, and outlines the possible policy implications that might be drawn from a detailed study.
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Reinforcing phenolic resins with nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) for manufacturing wood composite panels

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub6018
Auteur
Wang, Xiang-Ming
Bouchard, Jean
Zhang, Yaolin
Jiang, Z.H.
Date
January 2013
Édition
42915
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Wang, Xiang-Ming
Bouchard, Jean
Zhang, Yaolin
Jiang, Z.H.
Collaborateur
Québec Ministère des Ressources naturelles
Date
January 2013
Édition
42915
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
57 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Transformation & Interfaces
Sujet
Test methods
Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC)
Adhesives
Phenolic Resins
Wood composite panels
Série
E-4822
Localisation
Québec, Québec
Langue
English
Résumé
The main objective of this project was to introduce NCC into the phenolic resin system as a reinforcing agent for improving the resin’s bond quality and durability in the manufacture of oriented strand board (OSB). The approaches adopted in this project can be outlined as follows: Develop a procedure or a new process technology to uniformly incorporate NCC into the phenolic resin system including phenol-formaldehyde (PF) and lignin-based PF resin; Develop new formulations for the NCC-phenolic adhesive system in both liquid and powder forms; Characterize NCC-PF and NCC-lignin-PF resins with differential analytical techniques; Manufacture OSB panels with NCC-PF and NCC-lignin-PF resins; Quantify the performance improvement of OSB panel by evaluating the resulting panel for physical and mechanical properties.
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Auteur
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2012
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2012
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
4 p.
Secteur
Forest Operations
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Value added
Residues
Heating
Heat
Boilers
Biomass
Advantage
Série
Advantage ; Vol. 13, No. 4
Langue
English
ISSN
14933381
Résumé
FPJoule is a web-based tool that can be used to evaluate the amount of energy contained in harvest residues according to their origin (species group and part of tree) and moisture content. The tool can also be used to quantify the financial advantages when using biomass as a fuel source compared to conventional fossil fuels. A more comprehensive spreadsheet model is also available to FPInnovations members. The latter version can be modified to match a particular facility, such as boiler efficiency.
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Auteur
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2012
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Volpé, Sylvain
Date
February 2012
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
4 p.
Secteur
Forest Operations
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Building Systems
Sujet
Test methods
Value added
Residues
Heating
Heat
Boilers
Biomass
Advantage
Série
Avantage ; Vol. 13, No. 4
ISSN
14933381
Résumé
FPJoule est une application web permettant d’évaluer la quantité d’énergie fournie par des résidus forestiers selon leur origine (groupe d’essences et partie de l’arbre) et leur teneur en humidité. L’outil permet également de quantifier les avantages financiers liés à l’utilisation de la biomasse comme source d’énergie pour le remplacement des combustibles fossiles. Un modèle de feuille de calcul plus complet est également disponible pour les membres de FPInnovations. Cette version peut être modifiée pour correspondre à une installation particulière, comme l’efficacité des chaudières.
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A comparative life cycle assessment of Canadian hardwood flooring with alternative flooring types

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub39376
Auteur
Mahalle, Lal
Date
April 2011
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Environment
Auteur
Mahalle, Lal
Date
April 2011
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
154 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Environment
Champ de recherche
Environment
Sujet
Quality control
Qualitative analysis
Materials
Building construction
Série
W-2847
Localisation
Vancouver, British Columbia
Langue
English
Résumé
This study presents a cradle-to-grave environmental profile for pre-finished hardwood flooring manufactured in eastern Canada and compares this to profiles for alternative flooring products such as carpets, ceramic tiles, vinyl, cork, and linoleum flooring. This is a life cycle assessment (LCA) study. Study Goals
Conduct a cradle-to-grave LCA for eastern Canadian hardwood flooring in a typical residential application;
Create cradle-to-grave profiles for alternative flooring products for which existing LCA was available (carpets, ceramic tiles, vinyl, cork , and linoleum flooring) and their use in typical residential applications;
Compare and contrast life cycle environmental impact of eastern Canadian hardwood flooring with alternative flooring types (carpets, ceramic tiles, vinyl, cork flooring, and linoleum) used in residential applications.
Building construction - Materials used
Environmental quality
Flooring
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