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Temperature and moisture insensitive prediction of biomass calorific value from NIR spectra using external parameter orthogonalization

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub52660
Auteur
Hans, Guillaume
Allison, Bruce J.
Date
September 2018
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Hans, Guillaume
Allison, Bruce J.
Collaborateur
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service
Date
September 2018
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
27 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Biomass
Optimization
Spectroscopy
Temperature
Moisture content
Série
Transformative Technology ; TT 2018
Langue
English
Résumé
In the pulp and paper and biofuel industries, real-time online characterization of biomass gross calorific value (GCV) is of critical importance to determine its quality and price and for process optimization. Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy is a relatively low-cost technology that could potentially be used for such an application. However, the NIR spectra are also influenced by biomass temperature (T°) and moisture content (MC). In this paper, external parameter orthogonalization (EPO) is employed to remove simultaneously the influence of T° and MC on the spectra before predicting GCV. EPO is of particular interest when one desires to transfer information from one modeling experiment to another, such as when developing a calibration model for a new property from the same material, or when it would be more efficient to divide the experimental effort. EPO was found to be an effective method for desensitizing a PLS calibration model to the influence of T° and MC, enabling robust and accurate prediction biomass GCV. Partial least squares (PLS) regression models developed with EPO always provided equal or better performance than models developed without EPO. The paper shows that experimental efforts and costs can be reduced by approximately one half while maintaining prediction accuracy and model robustness.
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Extraction and economics of value-added chemicals from bark and forest biomass

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub40034
Auteur
Blanchard, Vincent
Yang, D.-Q.
Barry, A.
Date
March 2015
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Blanchard, Vincent
Yang, D.-Q.
Barry, A.
Date
March 2015
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
22 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Extractives
Bark
Biomass
Série
301009286
E-4930
Localisation
Québec, Québec
Langue
English
PDF
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Further development and commercialization of ultra-low density composites : investigation of the formulations impact on drying (I)

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub39877
Auteur
Zhang, Yaolin
Deng, James
Cai, X.
Date
June 2014
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Zhang, Yaolin
Deng, James
Cai, X.
Collaborateur
Canadian Forest Services
Date
June 2014
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
22 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomaterials
Sujet
Composites
Drying
Density
Packaging
Série
Transformative Technologies Program
Project no.301007944
E-4901
Localisation
Québec, Québec
Langue
English
Résumé
This study is a subtask under the “lab experiment on drying” project. This investigation consists to: 1) screen the main factors of the formulations impact on the drying process of the ultra-low density fiber composites (ULDC); 2) evaluate the effects of these main factors and try to optimize the formulations to shorten the drying process of ULDC; 3) have parameters for setting-up the new dryer.
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Development of lignin-based natural wood bio-protectant against fungal attack and checking

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub40005
Auteur
Yang, D.-Q.
Zhang, Yaolin
Date
March 2014
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Yang, D.-Q.
Zhang, Yaolin
Collaborateur
Natural Resources Canada.
Date
March 2014
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
36 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomaterials
Sujet
Lignin
Preservation
Fungi
Série
301008439
E-4923
Localisation
Québec, Québec
Langue
English
Résumé
Checking, mold and decay cause major problems for wood utilization and market value. About one third of wood products were used to replace old building materials that failed due to these problems caused by fungal infection. Products currently used for protecting wood materials from mold, decay and checking damages are mostly toxic chemicals. Development of a new generation of natural pesticides is urgently needed for meeting new regulatory requirements. Lignin produced by plants and chitosan from crustaceans have both natural antifungal and antibacterial properties. Combining both natural compounds to synergize a natural bio-protectant against molds, decay and checking is the major objective of this project. The approaches of this project include formulate lignin and chitosan into a harmonized coating mixture for using as a bio-renewable and eco-friendly bio-protectant against fungal infection in different applications such as:
End coating on logs and green lumber against fungal attack and checking;
Protective coating on wood siding materials against fungal infection and weathering. The results showed that chitosan and Kraft lignin are compatible. After mixing the 2 materials by stirring, it formed a homogenized brownish coating material without any precipitation. Fifteen formulations with different concentration and ratio of lignin and chitosan were evaluated. Based on the texture, color, uniformity, efficacy against fungi and economic criteria, 4 formulations were finally selected for the tests at 6% solid content of lignin: chitosan ratios of 2:1 & 1:1 and 9% solid content of lignin: chitosan ratios of 2:1 and 3.5:1. As a log end coating, the 4 formulations were tested to protect freshly-cut sugar maple and lodgepole pine against mold, stain and checking in an outside storage for 8 weeks. On both wood species, the effectiveness of the best lignin/chitosan coating formulation was similar or better than the currently used commercial chemical product Anchorseal. After exposure of lignin/chitosan coated or uncoated black spruce wood samples to a high humid condition for 2 weeks, the uncoated wood samples started to grow molds with 100% infection rate. Slight mold infection was found on wood samples coated with 3 formulations after 4 weeks and no mold growth was found on wood samples coated with 1 formulation (LC921) until the end of the test of 8 weeks. After exposure to the 4 lignin/chitosan formulations coated black spruce wood samples to white-rot and brown-rot fungi for 16 weeks, the formulations LC611 and LC921 were moderately resistant to decay, as effective as using currently chemical wood preservative by dipping treatment. The lignin/chitosan coatings were able to prevent wood fiber erosion, but they are photo degradable. However, the formulations LC611 and LC921, that contained 3% of chitosan, are more resistant to weathering than the formulations LC621 and LC972 that contained 2% of chitosan.
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Life cycle sustainability analysis sub-project of the Woody Biomass Innovative Project : a preliminary assessment

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub6017
Auteur
Mahalle, Lal
Berch, S.
Dymond, C.
Tedder, S.
Titus, B.
Todd, M.
Date
March 2013
Édition
42913
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
Auteur
Mahalle, Lal
Berch, S.
Dymond, C.
Tedder, S.
Titus, B.
Todd, M.
Collaborateur
Province of British Columbia.
Date
March 2013
Édition
42913
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
40 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Building Systems
Sujet
Test methods
Série
Technical Report 076
W-3015
Localisation
Victoria, British Columbia
Langue
English
Résumé
This preliminary study addresses the life cycle sustainability analysis subproject of the Woody Biomass Innovative Project, which proposed to assess the future bioenergy potential for British Columbia from a broad perspective that includes energy, greenhouse gas considerations and climate change, impacts on soil and biodiversity, and socio-economic sensitivities and to consider the need for guidance and policy development. This preliminary study reviews currently available assessment methodologies and proposes a framework for a life cycle sustainability assessment of current and emerging wood-based biofuel products used in three sectors (i.e., residential, institutional, and industrial) in British Columbia. In addition, this study defines data requirements and data availability for a detailed assessment, and outlines the possible policy implications that might be drawn from a detailed study.
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Reinforcing phenolic resins with nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) for manufacturing wood composite panels

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub6018
Auteur
Wang, Xiang-Ming
Bouchard, Jean
Zhang, Yaolin
Jiang, Z.H.
Date
January 2013
Édition
42915
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Wang, Xiang-Ming
Bouchard, Jean
Zhang, Yaolin
Jiang, Z.H.
Collaborateur
Québec Ministère des Ressources naturelles
Date
January 2013
Édition
42915
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
57 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Transformation & Interfaces
Sujet
Test methods
Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC)
Adhesives
Phenolic Resins
Wood composite panels
Série
E-4822
Localisation
Québec, Québec
Langue
English
Résumé
The main objective of this project was to introduce NCC into the phenolic resin system as a reinforcing agent for improving the resin’s bond quality and durability in the manufacture of oriented strand board (OSB). The approaches adopted in this project can be outlined as follows: Develop a procedure or a new process technology to uniformly incorporate NCC into the phenolic resin system including phenol-formaldehyde (PF) and lignin-based PF resin; Develop new formulations for the NCC-phenolic adhesive system in both liquid and powder forms; Characterize NCC-PF and NCC-lignin-PF resins with differential analytical techniques; Manufacture OSB panels with NCC-PF and NCC-lignin-PF resins; Quantify the performance improvement of OSB panel by evaluating the resulting panel for physical and mechanical properties.
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Pellet tool kit : a basic how-to guide prior to starting your pellet project

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub39872
Auteur
Asman, P.
Date
2011
Genre du document
Guide
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Asman, P.
Date
2011
Genre du document
Guide
Research report
Description physique
12 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Building Systems
Sujet
Pellets
Biomass
Energy
Série
E-4895
Localisation
Québec, Québec
Langue
English
Résumé
Northern Ontario Value Added Initiative NOVA which discusses Pellets, Biomass and energy.
PDF
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Status of energy use in the Canadian wood products sector = Situation sur la consommation d'énergie dans le secteur canadien des produits du bois

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub39302
Collaborateur
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC).
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
August 2010
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Collaborateur
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC).
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
August 2010
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
68 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Saw mills
Power supply
Energy
Plywood manufacture
Plywood
Panels manufacturing
Panels
Série
W-2780
Localisation
Vancouver, British Columbia
Langue
English
Résumé
Canada’s wood products industry has long played an important role in the Canadian economy. It is a diverse industry, producing both commodity and value-added products in every region of the country. This energy use status report focuses on five commodities produced within the broadly defined wood products sector: softwood lumber, softwood plywood, oriented strand board (OSB), particleboard (PB) and medium density fibreboard (MDF). The study, conducted by FPInnovations – Forintek Division, takes a different approach than other Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC) reports. It does not focus solely on gross facility manufacturing energy use, but also puts this energy use in context by relating it to upstream energy required to procure raw material and energy inputs. In addition, the study tracks direct and indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by fuel type and accounts for the carbon sequestered in wood products and thus, presents a carbon balance for each finished product at the plant gate. Using a life-cycle analysis approach, this report documents the cradle-to-gate energy use in the production of the five commodities, so each industry segment can better appreciate how it draws upon and uses materials and energy resources and how it may reduce its energy use in the future.
Chapters include resource extration, forest managemetn, resource transportation, softwood lumber manufacture, softwood plywood manufacture, oriented strand board manufacture, composite panel board manufacture, gross energy and carbon balance summary and energy use reduction potential in wood product manufacturing.
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Situation sur la consommation d'énergie dans le secteur canadien des produits du bois

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub39304
Collaborateur
Canada. Ressources naturelles
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
August 2010
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
Collaborateur
Canada. Ressources naturelles
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
August 2010
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
68 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Saw mills
Power supply
Energy
Plywood manufacture
Plywood
Panels manufacturing
Panels
Localisation
Vancouver, British Columbia
Langue
French
ISBN
9.7811E+12
Résumé
Energy resources
Panels - Manufacture - Power requirements
Plywood - Manufacture - Power requirements
Sawmilling - Power requirements
Documents
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A bioenergy strategy for British Columbia

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub3049
Collaborateur
British Columbia. Ministry of Forests and Range
British Columbia. Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources
BC Hydro
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
November 2006
Édition
39695
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
Collaborateur
British Columbia. Ministry of Forests and Range
British Columbia. Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources
BC Hydro
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
November 2006
Édition
39695
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
1 v.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Building Systems
Sujet
Utilization
Renewable natural resources
Biomass
Série
W-2980
Localisation
Vancouver, British Columbia
Langue
English
Résumé
Biomass
Renewable natural resources
Utilization
Documents
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Mill residue utilization in the ILMA region

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub37498
Auteur
Troughton, G.E.
Plackett, D.V.
Date
January 1997
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
Auteur
Troughton, G.E.
Plackett, D.V.
Collaborateur
Forest Renewal BC
Date
January 1997
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
20 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Building Systems
Sujet
Waste utilization
Utilization
Saw mills
British Columbia
Série
Contract No. 1451
W-1580
Localisation
Vancouver, British Columbia
Langue
English
Résumé
Forest products companies in the ILMA region covering four areas, Cranbrook, Kootenay, Vavenby and Okanagan, were surveyed for their current mill residue utilization. Although the Cranbrook area showed the lowest utilization of bark residues (0 %), it showed the highest utilization for whitewood, sawdust and shavings (98%). Overall, the Okanagan area generated the largest amount of bark and whitewood residues and showed the highest utilization for these residues (69% utilization for bark and 86% for whitewood). The Kootenay area generated the second highest amount of bark and whitewood residues and showed the second highest utilization for these residues (67% utilization for bark and 76% utilization for whitewood). The amounts of bark, sawdust and shavings, slabs, trim ends and yard debris generated and utilized for the above four areas are presented in this report. In 1996, the utilization of bark and sawdust / shavings residues in the ILMA region as a whole was 49.8% and 83.8% respectively compared to 28% and 45% respectively in 1989 showing a substantial increase in utilization. The primary use for sawdust and shavings was found to be pulp furnish followed by particleboard/fibreboard furnish, internal process heat, and agricultural/bedding material. The primary use for the bark residues was for energy generation, either through cogeneration or for internal process heat. There are few value-added product opportunities for bark in comparison to sawdust and shavings. However, a new value-added hog fuel/bark board recently patented by Forintek may have potential to utilize some quantities of bark residues, providing a number of technical, environmental and economic questions can be satisfactorily addressed. Another new product, BiolimeTM, also shows some potential for utilizing large quantities of bark residues.
Waste - Utilization - British Columbia
Waste - Sawmills
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Fractionation and conversion of lignins from steam-treated forestry residues to higher value products : interim report

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub5670
Auteur
Sutcliffe, Roger
Overend, R.P.
Date
March 1990
Édition
38756
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Sutcliffe, Roger
Overend, R.P.
Collaborateur
Bioenergy Development Program : Alternative Energy Branch Technology Division : Energy, Mines and Resources Canada
Date
March 1990
Édition
38756
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
106 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Treatment
Steam
Residues
Lignin
Série
DSS Contract File No: 048SZ.23216-8-9037
E-2500
Localisation
Ottawa, Ontario
Langue
English
PDF
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Chemistry of steam stabilization

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub1879
Auteur
Sutcliffe, Roger
Date
March 1990
Édition
38401
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Sutcliffe, Roger
Date
March 1990
Édition
38401
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
29 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Waferboards
Treatment
Steam pretreatment
Steam
Stability
Research
Pretreatment
Série
CFS project no.37
E-1202
Localisation
Ottawa, Ontario
Langue
English
PDF
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Extracellular wood decay enzymes : assessment of the efficiency of commercial cellulases

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub38400
Auteur
Breuil, Colette
Date
March 1990
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Breuil, Colette
Date
March 1990
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
1 v.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Wood decay
Wood
Série
CFS project no.50a
5343405
E-1201
Localisation
Ottawa, Ontario
Langue
English
Résumé
Wood decay - Enzymes
PDF
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Computer simulation model of an enzymatic biomass conversion process : final report

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub38757
Auteur
Nguyen, Q.A.
Date
March 1990
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Nguyen, Q.A.
Date
March 1990
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
86 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Simulation
Model
Conversion process
Computer simulation
Enzymatic
Biomass
Série
5343B407
E-2501
Localisation
Ottawa, Ontario
Langue
English
PDF
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Study and application of hemicellulases in the preparation of high-value cellulosic materials

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub38898
Auteur
Senior, D.J.
Date
March 1990
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Senior, D.J.
Date
March 1990
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
12 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Xylanase
Materials
Cellulosic materials
Série
E-3561
Localisation
Ottawa, Ontario
Langue
English
PDF
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Steam pretreatment of wood: progress report

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub38325
Auteur
Brownell, Henry H.
Date
March 1989
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Brownell, Henry H.
Date
March 1989
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
4 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Steam pretreatment
Steam
Research
Pretreatment
Série
CFS project no.40
Project no.5312B402
E-1055
Localisation
Ottawa, Ontario
Langue
English
PDF
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Bioconversion of lignocellulosics workshop: supplement

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub2285
Collaborateur
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
December 1988
Édition
38839
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Collaborateur
Forintek Canada Corp.
Date
December 1988
Édition
38839
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
1 v.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Lignocellulose
Localisation
Ottawa, Ontario
Langue
English
PDF
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The characterization and utilization of lignin from pretreated lignocellulosic substrates : final report

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub2286
Auteur
Sutcliffe, Roger
Date
August 1988
Édition
38840
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Sutcliffe, Roger
Date
August 1988
Édition
38840
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
1 v.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Waste utilization
Utilization
Tires
Steam pretreatment
Steam
Solvents
Pretreatment
Lignin
Biomass
Binders
Aspen
Adhesives
Série
DSS contract file no. O2SQ.23216-4-6364
Localisation
Ottawa, Ontario
Langue
English
PDF
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Steam pretreatment of wood in relation to enzymatic hydrolysis

https://library.fpinnovations.ca/fr/permalink/fpipub38296
Auteur
Brownell, Henry H.
Date
January 1988
Genre du document
Research report
Domaine
Bioproducts
PDF
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Auteur
Brownell, Henry H.
Collaborateur
National Research Council
Date
January 1988
Genre du document
Research report
Description physique
146 p.
Secteur
Wood Products
Domaine
Bioproducts
Champ de recherche
Biomass Conversion
Sujet
Steam pretreatment
Steam exploded
Steam
Research
Pyrolysis
Pretreatment
Hydrolysis
Série
DSS file no 05SR3192645022
Project no.45368707
Localisation
Ottawa, Ontario
Langue
English
PDF
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Documents
Moins de détails

78 notices – page 1 of 4.