FPInnovations commissioned the Athena Institute to develop a biogenic carbon calculation tool for use
in Environmental Product Declarations, EPD’s, developed under their Product Category Rules, PCR, for
North American wood products. Athena has developed two such tools to supplement two types of LCA
Cradle-to-gate: Cradle-to-gate LCA refers to those that begin in the forest “cradle” and end with the
packaged product at the manufacturing “gate”. Business-to-business, B2B, EPD’s are developed form
Cradle-to-grave: Cradle-to-grave LCA includes the cradle-to-gate processes as well as the transportation
to user, end-use, and end-of-life treatment or “grave”. Business to Consumer, B2C, EPD’s are developed
from cradle-to-grave LCAs.